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Historical Markers in Fredonia, Arizona

 
Clickable Map of Coconino County, Arizona and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Coconino County, AZ (223) Gila County, AZ (41) Mohave County, AZ (100) Navajo County, AZ (119) Yavapai County, AZ (148) Kane County, UT (118) San Juan County, UT (47)  CoconinoCounty(223) Coconino County (223)  GilaCounty(41) Gila County (41)  MohaveCounty(100) Mohave County (100)  NavajoCounty(119) Navajo County (119)  YavapaiCounty(148) Yavapai County (148)  KaneCountyUtah(118) Kane County (118)  SanJuanCounty(47) San Juan County (47)
Flagstaff is the county seat for Coconino County
Fredonia is in Coconino County
      Coconino County (223)  
ADJACENT TO COCONINO COUNTY
      Gila County (41)  
      Mohave County (100)  
      Navajo County (119)  
      Yavapai County (148)  
      Kane County, Utah (118)  
      San Juan County, Utah (47)  
 
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1Arizona (Coconino County), Fredonia — Fredonia Centennial1885-1985
Fredonia Arizona 1885-1985 Settled in 1885 by few hardy Mormon pioneer families. Once the center of sheep and cattle grazing on the Arizona strip. The main industry is logging. Fredonia boasts one of the largest sawmills in Arizona. Other . . . Map (db m94922) HM
2Arizona (Coconino County), Fredonia — Historic Log Cabin
Owned by Billie McMurry Griffiths Built about 1930 Donated by the McMurry Sisters Map (db m94926) HM
3Arizona (Coconino County), Fredonia — 29 — Pipe Springs National Monument
Fifteen miles southwest is historic “Pipe Springs” early pioneer outpost and first telegraph station in Arizona.Map (db m94921) HM
4Arizona (Coconino County), Fredonia — Prickly Pears and Pinion NutsDominguez y Escalante Expedition 1776-1976
A worn and hungry band of Spanish explorers made camp at Johnson Wash, six miles to the east, on October 21, 1776. Fathers Dominguez and Escalante called it Santa Barbara. They found no water for horses or the men who were subsisting on meager . . . Map (db m94920) HM
5Arizona (Coconino County), Fredonia — The Final Frontier
In a parched and rugged land, Fredonia is a welcome oasis for residents and travelers. Mormon pioneers drawn to area springs settled here to begin farming and ranching in 1885. But water, like many resources on the Arizona Strip, was scarce. . . . Map (db m94923) HM
6Arizona (Mohave County), Fredonia — 995 Miles of Wire — Pipe Spring National Monument —
A long line of juniper poles — like the one you see here — set 70 yards apart ended Pipe Spring’s isolation. From 1871 on, telegraph wire connected the ranch first to Utah and then to the outside world. By 1880 Mormon settlements from . . . Map (db m149370) HM
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7Arizona (Mohave County), Fredonia — A Good Drink of Water — Pipe Spring National Monument —
Pipe Spring 1859 — Arrived about noon hungry, tired, and thirsty. I now treated myself to a good drink of water, took breakfast & rested myself… Plenty of feed and good water at this place. —Thales Haskell, 25-year-old Mormon . . . Map (db m149367) HM
8Arizona (Mohave County), Fredonia — A New National Monument — Pipe Spring National Monument —
I have personally visited Pipe Spring several times and realize the desirableness of having this area established as a National Monument for the benefit of motorists traveling between Zion and Grand Canyon Parks. —Director Stephen . . . Map (db m149343) HM
9Arizona (Mohave County), Fredonia — At Home in the Desert — Pipe Spring National Monument —
…Paiutes once lived in homes just like the Ancient Ones as they dwelled near the spring. When the Spanish came… bringing with them the slave trade, the women and children were carted off to slave markets. When the Navajos and Utes started coming . . . Map (db m149369) HM
10Arizona (Mohave County), Fredonia — Boulders to Building Blocks — Pipe Spring National Monument —
Pipe Spring, October 1870 to April 1872 — The sound of hammers striking steel drills and chisels rang out on this hillside for more than a year as the walls of Winsor Castle went up. Master stone masons Elijah and Elisha Averett were sent by . . . Map (db m149375) HM
11Arizona (Mohave County), Fredonia — Boundaries and Fencing — Pipe Spring National Monument —
It may seem strange, but in talking with [the Paiutes] I have never been able to obtain… any ideas of what they supposed might be [their] northern and southern boundaries. Their usual reply is, “The ancients never told us about a northern . . . Map (db m149382) HM
12Arizona (Mohave County), Fredonia — Cut Off By The Grand Canyon — Pipe Spring National Monument —
From this ridge you are looking south over the Arizona Strip. This high plateau is cut off from the rest of Arizona by the depths of the Grand Canyon, which lies unseen over the far horizon. Only footbridges cross the Colorado River between . . . Map (db m149398) HM
13Arizona (Mohave County), Fredonia — How Can 10 Million Gallons of Water a Year Suddenly Appear in a Stony Desert? — Pipe Spring National Monument —
The answer lies buried in the white and red rocks you can see ahead. Here about 90 percent of any rain and snow is absorbed by plants or quickly evaporates. Only 10 percent of Pipe Spring’s precipitation soaks into the light-colored rock you see at . . . Map (db m149469) HM
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14Arizona (Mohave County), Fredonia — Kwi'-uvQuercus turbinella
Acorns of this scrub live-oak were collected for food. The acorn meats were roasted, boiled, or ground into flour. Kwi’-uv provided a slow, long-burning fuel in a region where hardwoods are scarce. Live-oak wood made tough bows.Map (db m149470) HM
15Arizona (Mohave County), Fredonia — Moamop'Datura wrightii
Paiute people used the dark green leaves of datura, crushed as a poultice, to treat sores and swelling. This traditional medicinal plant was chewed to reduce toothache pain, as well as induce visions. Datura is highly poisonous. Please do not touch.Map (db m149368) HM
16Arizona (Mohave County), Fredonia — Oos'eevYucca kanabensis
Food, fuel, and fiber came from the yucca. Paiute people pounded the leaves to obtain fiber for rope, nets, baskets, jugs, mats, and sandals. Shampoo came from the roots. The fruit was roasted and then eaten, or made into a ball and dried for winter . . . Map (db m149401) HM
17Arizona (Mohave County), Fredonia — Pipe Spring National Monument
Pipe Spring National Monument is establishing a native vegetation plot, reminiscent of the grasslands of the Arizona Strip prior to the 1850s. Over-abundant shrubs (four-wing saltbush and sagebrush) were removed from the area, and native grasses and . . . Map (db m149366) HM
18Arizona (Mohave County), Fredonia — Plateau Country Trees — Pipe Spring National Monument —
Two evergreens important to the Paiute people grow intermingled on this ridge top. Throughout the desert Southwest, at elevations from 4,500 to 7,500 feet above sea level, with more than 12 inches of rain a year, look for stands of pinyon and . . . Map (db m149397) HM
19Arizona (Mohave County), Fredonia — Powell’s Surveyors at Pipe Spring — Pipe Spring National Monument —
Many high places you see jutting out along the Vermilion Cliffs had to be climbed by this team of federal surveyors in winter 1872–73. Explorer John Wesley Powell often camped and resupplied at Pipe Spring. From here the survey team set up . . . Map (db m149400) HM
20Arizona (Mohave County), Fredonia — Remnants of a Frozen Sahara — Pipe Spring National Monument —
The pale rock you see here is Navajo sandstone. This rock caps the top of the Vermilion Cliffs for more than 80 miles. Navajo sandstone also forms the high canyon walls at Zion National Park. Imagine an enormous Sahara-like desert, full of . . . Map (db m149385) HM
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21Arizona (Mohave County), Fredonia — SkoompChrysothamnus nauseosus
Paiute families watched rabbitbrush closely as summer ended. This blossom marked the time to move to high country to gather pinyon nuts, a favorite food. Portions of the root could be chewed like gum.Map (db m149402) HM
22Arizona (Mohave County), Fredonia — Stephen Tyng Mather — July 4, 1867 — Jan. 22, 1930 —
He laid the foundation of the National Park Service, defining and establishing the policies under which its areas shall be developed and conserved unimpaired for future generations. There will never come an end to the good that he has done.Map (db m149341) HM
23Arizona (Mohave County), Fredonia — Suh-uhv'Rhus trilobata
Baskets and cradleboards were made from the stems of the three-leaf sumac, but its tart berries bring back Paiute people's best memories. Also called lemonadeberry, the small fruits were pounded into a pulp, then squeezed. Mixed with water, the . . . Map (db m149399) HM
24Arizona (Mohave County), Fredonia — Tup'Ephedra viridis
Paiute people still use Indian tea (or Mormon tea) as both a beverage and a medicine. An infusion of the gray-green spikelets can treat stomach aches, rheumatism, colds, and kidney problems. Tup' also serves as a blood tonic that improves . . . Map (db m149396) HM
25Arizona (Mohave County), Fredonia — When the Good Grass Goes — Pipe Spring National Monument —
1880 — Ten years ago the desert spaces… were covered with abundant grasses. Today hardly a blade of grass is to be found within 10 miles of [Pipe] spring… Even if there had been no drought… cattle would have… destroyed the grass by cropping . . . Map (db m149473) HM
26Arizona (Mohave County), Fredonia — Yoowuv'Opuntia phaeacantha
In the fall, look for plum-sized purple fruit on these prickly pear cactus. These 'pears' are good eaten fresh. Paiute people compressed and dried the fruits into cakes for trade and winter storage.Map (db m149371) HM
 
 
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Oct. 3, 2022