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Fort Larned National Historic Site in Pawnee County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

The Frontier Army and the U.S. Mail

 
 
The Frontier Army and the U.S. Mail Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., June 14, 2016
1. The Frontier Army and the U.S. Mail Marker
Inscription.  
The cavalry company are used entirely for escorting the mails between this post and Fort Dodge 55 miles west and Fort Zarah 33 miles east. The mails come and depart twice a week.
William Forwood, captain, Fort Larned post surgeon, 1868

Imagine the West as it was in the late 1850s, before any telegraph lines or intercontinental railroads had been built. Between the Mississippi River states and the Pacific coast, only a handful of small settlements and Army posts lay scattered amidst millions of square miles of lonely prairies, high mountains, canyons, and deserts.

All information—whether for private business or for purposes of the federal government—moved by handwritten paperwork. Newspapers, reports, requisitions, bills, and letters typically crossed the Plains at the speed of a horse-and-rider or wagon—some 15-to-20 miles a day.

By 1859 the United States Post Office was demanding that mail crossing the Great Plains move faster. Letters leaving Independence, Missouri had to arrive in Santa Fe, New Mexico in 15 to 20 days. That requires moving at 45 miles a day. To make that possible, Hall & Porter,

The Frontier Army and the U.S. Mail Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., June 14, 2016
2. The Frontier Army and the U.S. Mail Marker
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mail contractors, set up a new relay station here in August 1859. But within only a few weeks, hostile Kiowas had killed two Hall & Porter employees.

The 1st Cavalry came to investigate—and stayed. From October 1859 until this post closed in 1878, the most vital regular mission for troops at Fort Larned was to make sure communications from the East to the West kept flowing.

Soldiers here at Fort Larned could expect to spend many weeks of every year on mail escort duty on the Santa Fe Trail. The mail from the East arrived through the open prairie you see just ahead.
 
Erected by National Park Service.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: CommunicationsForts and CastlesWars, US Indian. In addition, it is included in the Postal Mail and Philately 📭, and the Santa Fe Trail series lists. A significant historical year for this entry is 1868.
 
Location. 38° 11.271′ N, 99° 13.011′ W. Marker is in Fort Larned National Historic Site, Kansas, in Pawnee County. Marker is at the picnic area, near the park entrance. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1767 Kansas Highway 156, Larned KS 67550, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Soldier Town (here, next to this marker); Santa Fe Trail (here, next to this marker); Fort Larned (here, next

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to this marker); The Great Wagon Road to the Southwest (approx. 0.2 miles away); Soldiers Who Died At Fort Larned (approx. ¼ mile away); Third Infantry Honored Dead (approx. ¼ mile away); Well, Adobe Hospital and Hospital Steward's Quarters (approx. 0.3 miles away); Doesn't Every Fort Have a Wall? (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Larned National Historic Site.
 
Also see . . .
1. Fort Larned National Historic Site. (Submitted on July 14, 2016, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Santa Fe National Historic Trail. (Submitted on July 14, 2016, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. The Mail Station and the Military at Camp on Pawnee Fork, 1859-1860. (Submitted on July 14, 2016, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 8, 2020. It was originally submitted on July 14, 2016, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 212 times since then and 9 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 14, 2016, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.

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Jun. 13, 2021