“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Fort Davis in Jeff Davis County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)

The First Fort Davis


The First Fort Davis (1854-1862) Marker image. Click for full size.
1. The First Fort Davis (1854-1862) Marker
Inscription.  In 1854, the U.S. Army established Fort Davis, which extended from this location westward into the box canyon. Initially, the fort consisted of crude wooden buildings with thatched and canvas roofs. Six stone barracks were later erected for the enlisted men. With an average monthly strength of 191 officers and enlisted men, the post was comprised of over fifty structures. Abandoned by Federal troops in April of 1861, Fort Davis was occupied by Confederate soldiers until August of 1862.

"We have a fine post now. Things are getting comfortable. We expect to have a fine store, a library, reading room, billiard room and bowling alley."
Albert James Myer, Post Surgeon, 1855

Sketch by Captain Arthur T Lee, who served here from 1854 to 1858. Courtesy Department of Rare Books & Special Collections, University of Rochester Libraries

Fort Davis - 1856 Map from Colonel Joseph K.F. Mansfield's Inspection Report.

1861 sketch of Fort Davis by Morgan W. Merrick, a Confederate soldier. Courtesy Daughter of the Republic of Texas.

Some first Fort Davis foundations are highlighted
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in yellow on the above illustration. The other structures are part of the second Fort Davis. Notice that the first fort barracks were oriented true north, while the second fort officers quarters were aligned magnetic north.
Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts and CastlesWars, US Indian. A significant historical year for this entry is 1861.
Location. 30° 35.861′ N, 103° 53.607′ W. Marker is in Fort Davis, Texas, in Jeff Davis County. Marker can be reached from Lt Henry Flipper Drive, 0.4 miles west of State Street (Texas Highway 118), on the right when traveling west. This marker is located on the back porch of the second from left historic structure on Officer's Row, the Shared Lieutenant's Quarters (HB-2). Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 101 Lt Henry Flipper Dr, Fort Davis TX 79734, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fort Davis (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); San Antonio-El Paso Road (approx. Ό mile away); St. Joseph Catholic Church (approx. 0.4 miles away); Hotel Limpia (approx. 0.6 miles away); Union Mercantile (approx. 0.6 miles away); Old Fort Davis CSA (approx. 0.6 miles away); T/SGT. Manuel S. Gonzales
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(approx. 0.6 miles away); Jeff Davis County Courthouse (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Davis.
Also see . . .  Fort Davis National Historic Site. National Park Service. (Submitted on July 26, 2016.) 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 26, 2016. It was originally submitted on July 21, 2016. This page has been viewed 321 times since then and 31 times this year. Photo   1. submitted on July 21, 2016. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Wide shot of marker and its surroundings. • Can you help?

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Oct. 7, 2022