Near Sundance in Crook County, Wyoming — The American West (Mountains)
In July 1874 Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer, and more that 1000 soldiers, camped near here while engaged in a military expedition to explore the Black Hills. The expedition's official purpose was to locate a suitable site for an army post. Unofficially, several miners who accompanied the soldiers looked for verification of rumors about gold. This expedition violated the Treaty of 1868 which confirmed the Black Hills as Indian Domain and barred all white settlers and travelers from that country. In 1874, however, only a few "friends of the Indians" complained about the army trespass. On July 2, 1874, Custer and his men left Fort Abraham Lincoln, Dakota Territory. The expedition consisted of nearly the entire Seventh Cavalry, two companies of infantry, over 100 wagons, three Gatling guns, one cannon and sixty-one Santee Sioux and Arikara scouts. Although the Sioux tracked the command's progress, such a show of military might invited no attack. Eventually the expedition took on the air of a picnic. Custer's official report emphasized the Black Hill's beauty, agricultural potential, and likely mineral riches. He did not discuss potential
By Barry Swackhamer, June 6, 2016
1. Custer Expedition Marker
By Barry Swackhamer, June 6, 2016
2. Custer Expedition Marker
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post sites. Unofficial reports fed already rampant rumors about gold and miners began pushing the government to extinguish Indian title to the Black Hills. Obliging miners' interests, the government pressured the Sioux to move onto reservations and make further land cessions. By 1876 the Great Sioux War broke out and Custer, who blazed the road into the Black Hills which sparked the war, became one of that war's most famous casualties.
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Erected by Wyoming State Historic Preservation Office.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Exploration • Wars, US Indian. A significant historical month for this entry is July 1874.
Location. Marker has been reported missing. It was located near 44° 13.08′ N, 104° 16.254′ W. Marker was near Sundance, Wyoming, in Crook County. Marker was on State Highway 585 near Cold Springs Road, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker was at or near this postal address: 1258 Wyoming HIghway 585, Sundance WY 82729, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 7 other markers are within 14 miles of this location, measured as the crow flies. Inyan Kara Methodist Episcopal Church (approx. 4.3 miles away); Canyon Springs Station: (approx. 11.8 miles away); Sundance Nature Area (approx. 13.9 miles away); Crook County (approx. 13.9 miles away); Black Hills
(approx. 13.9 miles away); a different marker also named Custer Expedition (approx. 13.9 miles away); The "Sundance Kid" (approx. 14 miles away).
By William H. Illingworth, July, 1874
3. Custer Expedition, the camp at Hidden Wood Creek
Also see . . . Black Hills Expedition - Wikipedia. Custer embarked on his expedition with 1000-1200 men, in 110 wagons with numerous horses and cattle of the 7th Cavalry, along with artillery and two months food supply.The expedition also took a number of Native American scouts led by Bloody Knife and Lean Bear. At the time, the Black Hills were relatively unknown, with few white expeditions ever returning from them. (Submitted on September 25, 2016, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.)
Credits. This page was last revised on August 25, 2021. It was originally submitted on September 24, 2016, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 496 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on September 24, 2016, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.