Huntsville in Madison County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
U.S. Army PGM-19 Jupiter
America's first Intermediate-range ballistic missile (RBM), the Jupiter Rocket was an outgrowth of Redstone rocket technology. It was developed at Redstone Arsenal under the technical guidance of German rocket engineers. First test-launched in March, 1957, the Jupiter was delivered to the U. S. Air Force in August, 1958 and played an important role in preserving peace.
In addition to testing nose cone materials, the Jupiter launched two monkeynuts—Able and Baker—into space in May, 1959. Achieving an altitude of 480m (300mi), Able and Baker were the first living creatures to be launched into space and successfully recovered, helping pave the way for humans. After her retirement from the space program, Miss Baker lived out her years here at the U.S. Space & Rocket.
Length: 60ft (18.3m)
Diameter: 8.8ft (2.7m)
Weight: 108,804lbs (49353kg)
Thrust: 150,000lbs (667,233N) Velocity: 11, 455mph (18,435km/hr)
Range: 1,770mi (2,849k m)
Propellants: Liquid oxygen and kerosene
Chrysler Corporation (fuselage)
Rocketdyne Div., North American Aviation, Inc.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Air & Space • War, Cold. A significant historical month for this entry is March 1957.
Location. 34° 42.688′ N, 86° 39.273′ W. Marker is in Huntsville, Alabama, in Madison County. Marker can be reached from Tranquilty Base, half a mile west of Madison Pike, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1 Tranquility Base, Huntsville AL 35805, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Ms. Baker: Monkeynaut (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Armstrong Collins Aldrin (about 300 feet away); McDivitt Scott Schweickart / Stafford Young Cernan (about 300 feet away); Conrad Gordon Bean (about 300 feet away); Lovell Swigert Haise (about 400 feet away); Schirra Eisele Cunningham / Borman Lovell Anders (about 400 feet away); Shepard Roosa Mitchell (about 400 feet away); Grissom White Chaffee (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Huntsville.
Also see . . . U.S. Space & Rocket Center. (Submitted on September 26, 2016.)
Credits. This page was last revised on August 16, 2020. It was originally submitted on September 26, 2016, by Sandra Hughes Tidwell of Killen, Alabama, USA. This page has been viewed 381 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on September 26, 2016, by Sandra Hughes Tidwell of Killen, Alabama, USA. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.