Welcome to Assateague Village
In the 1800s, after the lighthouse was built, a small community grew up not far from here. By the early 1900s, about 225 lived in the village, which included a school, dry goods store, and a church. The residents harvested resources from the sea, hunted waterfowl and deer, gathered wild plants, and grazed livestock.
Watermen Followed the Seasons
in the fall and winiter, watermen braved freezing temperatures and winter gales to tong for Chincoteague's prized oysters. In spring and summer, they harvested clams and scallops, In the summer, they caught crabs. They ate some of their catch and sold the rest on Chincoteague Island.
Children Learned Their ABCs
Younger children were educated in a small schoolhouse in the village. Built in 1890, the one-room schoolhouse served students in grades one through six. Older children took the boat to Chincoteague to attend school.
Women Processed the Catch
Many of the village women processed menhaden into oil and fertilizer in a fish factory located in Toms Cove. Closely related to herring and sardines, menhaden spawn in the ocean and
What Happened to the Village?
In 1922, Dr. Samuel B. Fields of Baltimore purchased most of the Virginia portion of Assateague Island and fenced off the land. Villagers could no longer get to Tom's Cove, cutting them off from their livelihood. They gradually moved off the island, floating their houses on barges across the channel to Chincoteague. Today, all that remains of the village are a few building foundations and a cemetery.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & Commerce • Settlements & Settlers • Waterways & Vessels. A significant historical year for this entry is 1833.
Location. 37° 54.661′ N, 75° 21.373′ W. Marker is near Chincoteague, Virginia, in Accomack County. Marker can be reached from Beach Access Road north of Boat Ramp Access Road, on the right when traveling south. Public access only via Lighthouse Trail footpath from Beach Access Rd. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 8244 Lighthouse Trail Exit, Chincoteague Island VA 23336, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Still Shining…After All These Years (a few steps from this marker); Assateague Light House (a few steps from this marker); The Wild Ponies (approx. half a mile away); Keeping the Forest Full of Life (approx.
Credits. This page was last revised on January 19, 2021. It was originally submitted on October 17, 2016, by Michael C. Wilcox of Winston-Salem, North Carolina. This page has been viewed 471 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on October 17, 2016, by Michael C. Wilcox of Winston-Salem, North Carolina. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.