“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
New Brunswick in Middlesex County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Milestones in Microbiology

American Society for Microbiology

Milestones in Microbiology Marker image. Click for full size.
By Matthew Drews, October 31, 2016
1. Milestones in Microbiology Marker
Inscription.   In 1901, Edward B. Vorhees established here the country's first academic Department of Soil Chemistry and Bacteriology. Early studies by Jacob Lipman, Selman Waksman, Robert Starkey, and René Dubos explored microbial roles in the nitrogen cycle, sulfur transformation, and the conversion of cellulose in the top soil. Their work laid the foundation for understanding the absolute centrality of microorganisms in recycling of biomass and other processes vital to the world's ecosystems.

These explorations also enhanced understanding of the symbolic and antagonistic relationships among soil microbes, providing the content for the first systematic search for naturally occurring antibacterial substances. Under Waksman's direction, this program led to the discovery of many of the first important antibiotics (a term coined by Waksman): actinomycin A, streptomycin, neomycin B, and candician. The extraordinary impact of these discoveries spurred the development of antibiotic research in the mid-20th century, leading to dramatic improvements in public health worldwide.

The contributions of the Rutgers Soil Microbiology program exemplify the

Marker view from Lipman Dr. image. Click for full size.
By Matthew Drews, October 31, 2016
2. Marker view from Lipman Dr.
Marker is to the right of the door from Martin Hall.
Click or scan to see
this page online
ideals of the microbiological sciences: to advance the understanding of basic life processes, and to apply that knowledge to improve health and economic and environmental well being.
Erected 2002 by the American Society for Microbiology.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: EnvironmentScience & Medicine. A significant historical year for this entry is 1901.
Location. 40° 28.85′ N, 74° 26.333′ W. Marker is in New Brunswick, New Jersey, in Middlesex County. Marker is on Lipman Dr, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 88 Lipman Dr, New Brunswick NJ 08901, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Selman Waksman and Antibiotics (a few steps from this marker); The Indian Trail (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Ravine Bridge (approx. 0.4 miles away); Anshe Emeth Memorial Temple (approx. ¾ mile away); Guest House (approx. 0.8 miles away); Purple Heart Memorial (approx. 0.9 miles away); College Hall (approx. 0.9 miles away); New Brunswick Civil War Monument (approx. 0.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New Brunswick.
Martin Hall image. Click for full size.
By Matthew Drews, October 31, 2016
3. Martin Hall
Credits. This page was last revised on November 2, 2016. It was originally submitted on November 1, 2016, by Matthew Drews of Somerville, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 232 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 1, 2016, by Matthew Drews of Somerville, New Jersey. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.

Share This Page.  
Share on Tumblr

Paid Advertisement
May. 12, 2021