“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Arlington in Arlington County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

R Adams Cowley

R Adams Cowley Marker-Front image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 29, 1999
1. R Adams Cowley Marker-Front
R Adams Cowley
1st Lieutenant Medical Corps
United States Army
July 15, 1917 - October 27, 1991

Next to creating a life the finest thing a man can do is to save one
Abraham Lincoln

A cardiothoracic and trauma surgeon who, through his creation of shock trauma in Maryland, saved thousands of lives and changed the face of emergency medicine in the world.

• Father of trauma medicine and founder of the nation’s first Shock Trauma Center, in Baltimore, Maryland
• Leader in the scientific study of shock and trauma
• Founder of nation’s first statewide EMS System in Maryland
• Creator of the concept of the “Golden Hour,” the 60 minutes following injury when definitive care is crucial to a trauma patient’s survival
• Leader in use of civilian helicopters for medical evacuation
• Pioneer in hyperbaric medicine and open heart surgery
• Inventor of electronic pacemaker prototype and a surgical clamp bearing his name
• A founding father of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons
• Founder of National Study Center
R Adams Cowley Marker-Back image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 29, 1999
2. R Adams Cowley Marker-Back
Click or scan to see
this page online
for Trauma and EMS enacted by Congress in 1986
• Personal papers collected by the University of Utah
• Elder in Mormon Church
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Cemeteries & Burial SitesScience & Medicine. In addition, it is included in the National Cemeteries series list.
Location. 38° 52.842′ N, 77° 4.518′ W. Marker is in Arlington, Virginia, in Arlington County. Marker is on Humphres Drive. The marker is in Section 1, Grave 341G of the National Cemetery. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fort Myer VA 22211, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Pan American Airways Flight 103 Memorial Cairn (within shouting distance of this marker); Doubleday (within shouting distance of this marker); Lexington Minute Men (within shouting distance of this marker); War of 1812 Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); General Philip Kearny Memorial (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Arlington Woodlands (about 600 feet away); Civil War Unknowns Monument (about 600 feet away); Guardian of a Nation's Heritage (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Arlington.
Credits. This page was last revised on May 24, 2021. It was originally submitted on November 12, 2016, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 231 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on November 12, 2016, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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Jan. 24, 2022