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Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Second Battle of Winchester

“A scene ... I shall never forget”

 

—Gettysburg Campaign —

 
Second Battle of Winchester Marker image. Click for full size.
By Pete Skillman, January 21, 2017
1. Second Battle of Winchester Marker
Inscription. While Union artillery from Star Fort dueled with Confederate gunners in West Fort on June 14, 1863, Winchester's civilians fretted for their safety. Some wondered if Union Gen. Robert H. Milroy would destroy Winchester by either burning or bombarding it. The threat seemed credible. The Federal gunners who manned the fortifications, including this one, used the town for target practice, firing wooden rounds with no regard for civilian safety. Staunch Confederate supported Mary Greenhow Lee, whose house shook "from the concussion" of the Union artillery firing from Star Fort, wondered if Milroy would make good on this threat "to burn us up."

Although concerned for her safety and that of the town, Lee and other civilians could not resist climbing onto rooftops to view the exchange of fire between Star Fort and West Fort. Lee wrote, "It was a magnificent sight ... [and] presented a scene and aroused feelings I shall never forget." Another civilian resident, Cornelia McDonald, noted, "All the while the batteries thundered, the booming of the cannon, the screaming of the shells (who that has ever heard that scream can ever forget it?)." Fortunately for the civilians, the town survived the battle. Winchester's pro-Confederate population reveled in Gen. Richard S. Ewell's success and the scene of corralled Union prisoners of war,
Second Battle of Winchester Marker image. Click for full size.
May 17, 2014
2. Second Battle of Winchester Marker
including some held here at Star Fort, after the Second Battle of Winchester. The euphoria, however, was short lived. Several weeks later the Army of Northern Virginia suffered a crushing defeat at the Battle of Gettysburg.

(captions)
(left photo) Mary Greenhow Lee

(middle photo) Cornelia McDonald

(right photo) Star Fort with captured Union cannons All images courtesy Handley Regional Library
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 39° 12.36′ N, 78° 9.798′ W. Marker is in Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker can be reached from Fortress Drive 0.1 miles north of North Frederick Pike (U.S. 522), on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Winchester VA 22603, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Civil War Earthworks (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Second Battle of Winchester (within shouting distance of this marker); Third Battle of Winchester (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Constructing Star Fort (about 300 feet away); Star Fort (was about 500 feet away but has been reported missing. ); Lord Fairfax (approx. 0.3 miles away); Fort Collier (approx. half a mile away); George Washington in Winchester (was approx. half a mile away but has been reported missing. ). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesWar, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 27, 2017. This page originally submitted on January 21, 2017, by Pete Skillman of Port Deposit, Maryland. This page has been viewed 199 times since then. Photos:   1. submitted on January 21, 2017, by Pete Skillman of Port Deposit, Maryland.   2. submitted on January 23, 2017. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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