Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Columbus in Muscogee County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Primus King and the Civil Rights Movement

 
 
Primus King and the Civil Rights Movement Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, February 4, 2017
1. Primus King and the Civil Rights Movement Marker
Inscription.  The modern Civil Rights Movement in Georgia began on July 4, 1944, when Primus E. King, an African-American barber and minister, attempted to vote at the Muscogee County Courthouse in the Democratic Party’s primary election, which barred blacks from participating. King, a registered voter, was roughly turned away by a law enforcement officer. With the encouragement and financial backing of local activist Dr. Thomas Brewer, King filed suit in Federal court in Macon, arguing that excluding black voters was unconstitutional. The court ruled in King’s favor, as did the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, ending Georgia’s “whites only” primary. King’s challenge eliminated the legal barriers to black voting in Georgia’s state and local elections and set in motion a statewide black voter registration campaign that helped end disfranchisement and the system of Jim Crow discrimination.
 
Erected 2015 by the Georgia Historical Society, the city of Columbus, Historic Columbus, and the Georgia Department of Economic Development. (Marker Number 106-3.)
 
Location.
View from marker north on 2nd Avenue. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, February 4, 2017
2. View from marker north on 2nd Avenue.
32° 27.871′ N, 84° 59.435′ W. Marker is in Columbus, Georgia, in Muscogee County. Marker is at the intersection of 2nd Avenue and East 10th Street, on the right when traveling south on 2nd Avenue. Touch for map. Located on the east lawn of the Government Center. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2nd Avenue, Columbus GA 31901, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Red Jacket (within shouting distance of this marker); POW✯MIA Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Confederate Hospitals (within shouting distance of this marker); Ladies Defender (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Springer Opera House (about 300 feet away); Dr. Thomas H. Brewer (about 600 feet away); Columbus Symphony Orchestra (about 700 feet away); Fit for Man and Beast (about 800 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Columbus.
 
Also see . . .  The New Georgia Encyclopedia article on Primus E. King (1900-1986). Includes photo of Primus King. Excerpt: “King's challenge to the white primary had been planned by a group of Columbus African American civil rights activists led by Dr. Thomas Brewer. By prearrangement King, after his rejection, walked several blocks to the office of Oscar D. Smith Sr., a white attorney, who prepared a lawsuit against members of the Muscogee County Democratic Party Executive
Looking south on 2nd Avenue image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, February 4, 2017
3. Looking south on 2nd Avenue
Committee, chaired by Joseph E. Chapman, for denying King his right, as a citizen of the United States, to vote. In September 1945 the arguments in King v. Chapman et al. commenced in a federal district court in Macon. Smith and King’s other principal lawyer, Harry S. Strozier of Macon, argued that their client's right to vote under the Fourteenth, Fifteenth, and Seventeenth amendments to the U.S. Constitution had been violated. They asked for $5,000 in damages for the plaintiff.” (Submitted on February 5, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.) 
 
Categories. African AmericansCivil RightsNotable Persons
 

More. Search the internet for Primus King and the Civil Rights Movement.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 6, 2019. This page originally submitted on February 5, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 256 times since then and 54 times this year. This page was the Marker of the Week July 7, 2019. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on February 5, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
Paid Advertisement