Eufaula in Barbour County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
The Creek Town of Eufaula
—Creek Heritage Trail —
The town of Eufaula appears on maps as "Uphale" as early as the 1730s. The town and its outlying settlements at various times spread along both sides of the Chattahoochee River. Many of the people who lived in the village may have moved here from other areas, and some of them are believed to have later helped settle some of the principal Seminole towns in Florida. United States Agent to the Creeks Benjamin Hawkins described Eufaula as comprised primarily of farmers and cattle herders and featuring several fenced fields. There were actually multiple Creek towns named Eufaula. The nature of the connection, if any, between this town and the Upper Creek town of Eufaula on the Tallapoosa River is not fully understood.
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Yoholo Micco, or "Chief Eufaula," was the principal chief of the Upper Creek town of Eufaula, but is believed to have had relatives and acquaintances among the Lower Creeks. He fought as
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A New Map of Georgia, with part of Carolina, Florida, and Louisiana, by Emmanuel Bowen, 1747
Courtesy of W.S. Hoole Special Collections Library, University of Alabama
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Map of Creek villages in the Eufaula area, circa 1800, based on Archaeology of the Lower Muskogee Creek Indians, 1715-1836, by H. Thomas Foster II.
This lithograph was made after a portrait by Charles Bird King produced at the time of Yoholo Micco's visit to Washington, D.C. as part of a Creek delegation.
Courtesy of the Eufaula-Barbour County Chamber of Commerce
Erected 2015 by the Historic Chattahoochee Commission and the City of Eufaula.
Location. 31° 53.598′ N, 85° 8.406′ Touch for map. Interpretive marker is located at the Yoholo Micco Trail. Marker is at or near this postal address: East Broad Street, Eufaula AL 36027, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Town of Irwinton (here, next to this marker); The Second Creek War in the Eufaula Area (here, next to this marker); The City of Eufaula (here, next to this marker); Central Railroad of Georgia Freight Depot (within shouting distance of this marker); Cotton and Creek Country (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Chief Eufaula (Yoholo Micco) (about 600 feet away); World War I Doughboy (about 600 feet away); In Honor of All World War II Veterans (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Eufaula.
Regarding The Creek Town of Eufaula. The Eufaula people were a tribe of Native Americans in the United States, located in the Southeast. A Muskogean-speaking people, they possibly broke off from the Kealedji or Hilibi tribe. They were part of the Muscogee Creek Confederacy.
Some Eufaula lived along the Chattahoochee River in what became the state of Georgia. The Lower Creek Eufaula settled there by 1733, and quite possibly earlier than
In 1832, theirs was the only Upper Creek town listed on the census. Their people were the only Upper Creek town that moved to Indian Territory; they settled near what developed as Eufaula, Oklahoma, named for them and their towns.
Their name is preserved in the modern cities of Eufaula, Alabama and Eufaula, Oklahoma; and also with Lake Eufaula in Oklahoma.
Also see . . . The Eufaula Tribe. (Submitted on February 10, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Categories. • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers • Wars, US Indian •
Credits. This page was last revised on February 11, 2017. This page originally submitted on February 10, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 203 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on February 10, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.