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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Manassas in Prince William County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Fight for Matthews Hill

First Battle of Mantissas

 

—July 21, 1861 10 a.m. —

 
The Fight for Matthews Hill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Shane Oliver, February 11, 2017
1. The Fight for Matthews Hill Marker
Inscription. Fighting opened here on Matthews Hill as Colonel Ambrose Burnside's brigade, leading the Union flanking column, collided with Confederates. Six James Rifles of the 2nd Rhode Island Battery established an advantageous position on the crest while Union infantry pressed forward into a cornfield beyond. With each few minutes that passed, more Federals reached the front.

Yet Union forces encountered stiff resistance. Confederate troops made headlong charges in a bold show of force that disguised their true weakness in numbers. It took over ninety minutes to dislodge the stubborn Confederates. Despite the unexpected delays, the Union commander emerged confident of success. General McDowell triumphantly announced "Victory! Victory! The day is ours!" The proclamation proved premature.

(caption)
Artwork courtesy of the Anne S.K. Brown Military Collection, Brown University Library
 
Erected by Manassas Nationa Battlefield Park, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 38° 49.492′ N, 77° 31.889′ W. Marker is in Manassas, Virginia, in Prince William County. Marker can be reached from Sudley Road (U.S. 234) 0.7 miles from Lee Highway (Route 29), on the right
View of the Union Artillery Line on Matthews Hill image. Click for full size.
By Shane Oliver, February 11, 2017
2. View of the Union Artillery Line on Matthews Hill
when traveling north. Touch for map. Located along the Matthews Hill walking trail. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6511 Sudley Rd, Manassas VA 20109, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Matthews Hill (was within shouting distance of this marker but has been reported missing. ); Vision of Victory (was within shouting distance of this marker but has been reported missing. ); 4th Alabama Infantry (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); 2nd Rhode Island Infantry (about 500 feet away); The Matthew Farm (about 600 feet away); U.S. Infantry Battalion (approx. 0.2 miles away); First Contact (approx. 0.2 miles away); 2nd New Hampshire Infantry (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Manassas.
 
Also see . . .
1. Manassas National Battlefield Park. National Park Service (Submitted on February 20, 2017.) 

2. Old Marker at this Location. This marker replaced an older one at this location titled “Rhode Island Battery” (Submitted on February 20, 2017.) 
 
Categories. MilitaryWar, US Civil
 
Union Artillery Piece on Matthews Hill image. Click for full size.
By Shane Oliver, February 11, 2017
3. Union Artillery Piece on Matthews Hill
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on February 20, 2017. This page originally submitted on February 19, 2017, by Shane Oliver of Richmond, Virginia. This page has been viewed 119 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on February 19, 2017, by Shane Oliver of Richmond, Virginia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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