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Pascagoula in Jackson County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
 

Louisiana Native Guard Attacks Pascagoula

 
 
Louisiana Native Guard Attacks Pascagoula Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, March 22, 2017
1. Louisiana Native Guard Attacks Pascagoula Marker
Inscription. Jackson County, being on the Confederate side during the American Civil War, suffered numerous incursions by Union forces. However, it was the one of April 9, 1863, which, although small by combat standards, had far-reaching import to Union military thinking. This was the first engagement on the Gulf Coast in which Black soldiers as a military unit, were not only deployed in battle, but initiated the attack.

Since 1862, Ship Island, 11 miles south of Biloxi, was under Federal control and was used to support and supply the US Navy blockading fleet off the Mississippi coast. It was garrisoned by the 2nd Regiment of Louisiana Native Guard. These were Black troops enlisted to the Union cause in Louisiana after the fall of New Orleans in April, 1862.

Col. N W. Daniels launched a raid against Pascagoula using 180 soldiers of the 2nd Native Guard with the intent of preventing Confederate reinforcements from Mobile being deployed to other sectors under attack. Slipping out from Ship Island on April 8, the soldiers were transported by the USS General Banks and rendezvoused with the USS John P Jackson, a Federal gunboat on blockade duty near Horn Island. The detachment swarmed ashore the following morning and a house-to-house fire-fight ensued with 40 troopers of the Mobile Dragoons while the gunboat Jackson
Marker along Pascagoula Promenade and in front of Beach Park. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, March 22, 2017
2. Marker along Pascagoula Promenade and in front of Beach Park.
fired into the village. Three defenders were wounded, and on the Union side two soldiers were killed and five wounded. As southern reinforcements arrive the invaders withdrew in orderly fashion. However, while the Black soldiers were withdrawing across the main wharf, the USS Jackson inadvertently fired a 6-inch rifled gun at 1200 yards that killed four men and wounded five others in a "friendly fire" incident.

Both sides counted the battle as a victory: the Pascagoula defenders because they had rebuffed a Union assault, and the Federal troops because they had surprised the small garrison and gotten away with the Confederate flag from the top of the large hotel used as garrison headquarters. The 2nd Native Guard subsequently underwent a change in unit designation but continued to participate in numerous actions until 1865.

[Photo caption]
Top right: Pascagoula Beachfront at the time of the Civil War.
 
Erected 2012 by the Jackson County Historical and Genealogical Society & the City of Pascagoula.
 
Location. 30° 20.61′ N, 88° 32.097′ W. Marker is in Pascagoula, Mississippi, in Jackson County. Marker is on Beach Boulevard east of Oliver Street, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 600 City Park Street, Pascagoula MS 39567, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers.
View from marker of Promenade and Gulf of Mexico. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, March 22, 2017
3. View from marker of Promenade and Gulf of Mexico.
At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Camp Jefferson Davis (a few steps from this marker); President Zachary Taylor's Summer Home Site (within shouting distance of this marker); Camp Jefferson Davis - Soldiers Return From The Mexican War - 1848 (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Camp Twiggs and the Military Asylum 1849-1855 (approx. 0.3 miles away); Camp Lawson – Military Hospital on Greenwood Island – 1848 (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Longfellow House (approx. 0.4 miles away); Capt. John Grant (approx. 1.2 miles away); Shipbuilding in Jackson County (approx. 1.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Pascagoula.
 
Also see . . .  2nd Regiment Louisiana Native Guard - Union Assault on Pascagoula. (Submitted on March 26, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Categories. African AmericansWar, US CivilWaterways & Vessels
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 26, 2017. This page originally submitted on March 26, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 103 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on March 26, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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