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Jonesboro in Clayton County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Patrick Cleburne Confederate Cemetery

Battle of Jonesborough - the Second Day

 

—Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —

 
Patrick Cleburne Confederate Cemetery Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, April 29, 2017
1. Patrick Cleburne Confederate Cemetery Marker
Inscription. Located near the center of fighting on the second day of the Battle Jonesborough (Jonesboro), the final major battle of the Atlanta Campaign, this cemetery contains the graves of up to 1,000 Confederate soldiers killed while fighting here on August 31 and September 1, 1864. The cemetery is named in honor of Confederate Major General Patrick R. Cleburne, who is not buried here but was admired as a commander in this battle.

During the evening of Wednesday, August 31st, after the first day of fighting at Jonesborough over control of the Macon & Western Railroad, commanding Confederate General John B. Hood, from his headquarters in Atlanta, learned that Federals had broken the railroad at several places north of Jonesborough. Anticipating a direct attack on Atlanta by Union Major General William T. Sherman's forces, General Hood ordered the corps of Confederate Lieutenant General Stephen D. Lee to return to Atlanta from Jonesborough, leaving Lieutenant General William J. Hardee's corps to contend with Federal forces here. Thus early on Thursday, September 1st, Hood found his army dangerously divided, with one corps in Atlanta, General Hardee's at Jonesborough and General Lee's in between.

Rather than attack Atlanta on September 1st, General Sherman ordered three additional Federal corps to join the three corps of Union
The Confederate Cemetery image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, April 29, 2017
2. The Confederate Cemetery
Major General Oliver O. Howard's "Army of the Tennessee" already at Jonesborough. Sherman hoped this overwhelming force would trap and destroy Hardee's lone Confederate corps.

Hardee stretched his 13,000 troops in a single line, men often spaced six feet apart, to fill a wide front held the previous day by both his and Lee's corps. Sherman's plan called for Union Brigadier General Jefferson C. Davis's 14th Corps to attack Hardee from the northwest, while Major General David S. Stanley's 4th Corps was to strike from northeast in Hardee's rear. General Howard's army would feign an advance on the right.

Near 4:00 PM, General Davis's 14th Corps attacked the angle in Hardee's line defended by Brigadier General C. Govan's brigade, just north of the Warren House (which served as a field hospital). The initial Federal assault was repulsed, but a rare bayonet charge overwhelmed Govan's brigade capturing General Govan's brigade, 600 of his men and eight cannon. Confederate Private Stan C. Harvey later recalled, "They ran over us like a drove of Texas beeves by sheer force of numbers."

The remnants of Govan's and other brigades in General Cleburne's division were forced back while Hardee rushed reinforcements from his left. General Stanley's 4th Corps was slow to follow-up Davis's attack, and nightfall soon ended the fighting. Hardee's weary corps successfully
Some of the nearly 1,000 graves in the cemetery. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, April 29, 2017
3. Some of the nearly 1,000 graves in the cemetery.
retreated south to Lovejoy's Station before the Federal 17th Corps could block them. Hardee sent word to Hood that Jonesborough and the last railroad still able to re-supply Confederates in Atlanta had fallen, sealing Atlanta's fate. Hood ordered Atlanta's evacuation for that night. The Federal victory at Jonesborough also assured U.S. President Abraham Lincoln's reelection and was a prelude to Sherman's "March to the Sea."

[Photo captions]
Bottom left: Federal artillery during the Battle of Jonesborough, September 1, 1864
(drawing by Union 1st Lieutenant Henry O. Dwight, 20th Ohio Infantry Regiment, 17th Corps)
Top right: Battle of Jonesborough (Jonesboro), the 2nd Day, September 1, 1864
Top left: Confederate Major General Patrick R. Cleburne
Top Middle: Union Brigadier General Jefferson C. Davis
Bottom middle: Confederate Brigadier General Daniel C. Govan
Background watermark: Patrick R. Cleburne Confederate Cemetery entrance

 
Erected by Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails, Inc. (Marker Number 39.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Georgia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 33° 31.812′ N, 84° 21.214′ W. Marker is in Jonesboro, Georgia
View from marker looking east towards McDonough Street. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, April 29, 2017
4. View from marker looking east towards McDonough Street.
, in Clayton County. Marker is at the intersection of Johnson Street and North McDonough Street, on the right when traveling west on Johnson Street. Touch for map. Located at entrance to the Confederate Cemetery. Marker is at or near this postal address: 111 Johnson Street, Jonesboro GA 30236, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Two Days of Battle at Jonesboro (here, next to this marker); Unknown Confederate Soldiers Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); The Warren House (approx. 0.2 miles away); Hardee’s Corps at Jonesboro (approx. ¼ mile away); Battle of Jonesboro The Second Day (approx. ¼ mile away); Attack by Lee's Corps (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Johnson-Blalock House (approx. 0.4 miles away); Lee's Corps Withdrawn (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Jonesboro.
 
Also see . . .  Wikipedia article on the Patrick R. Cleburne Confederate Cemetery. (Submitted on May 2, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Categories. Cemeteries & Burial SitesWar, US Civil
 
Unknown Confederate Soldiers Memorial within the cemetery. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, April 29, 2017
5. Unknown Confederate Soldiers Memorial within the cemetery.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on May 4, 2017. This page originally submitted on May 2, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 111 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on May 2, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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