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Franklin in Williamson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

The Final Campaign 1864

 
 
The Final Campaign 1864 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl, April 26, 2017
1. The Final Campaign 1864 Marker
Inscription. In late 1864, the last major campaign of the Civil War swept into Middle Tennessee. The Confederate Army of Tennessee commanded by Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood, moved out of Georgia after the fall of Atlanta, marched across Alabama, and pushed north toward these fields.

Pursuing Hood was his old West Point classmate, Union Major General John Schofield and his army of nearly equal size, who were ordered to delay Hood’s advance while other Federal forces gathered at Nashville. Hood began his campaign in earnest on November 21. For the next nine days the two armies fought at Lawrenceburg, Pulaski, Lynnville, and Columbia.

Then on November 29, just 11 miles (18km) south of here at Spring Hill, Hood’s army nearly flanked Schofield, but they inexplicably failed to block the Federal army’s route of retreat. Under the cover of the night, Schofield and his troops slipped past the Confederates into Franklin. Once there, the Federal constructed a defensive line south of the town, because they were unable to cross the Harpeth River north of the town due to issues with the bridges.

Hood immediately pursued Schofield on the morning of November 30, and that afternoon his army reached the southern outskirts of Franklin. The Confederate general determined that to reach Nashville, he had to go through Schofield, so he issued
The Final Campaign 1864 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl, April 26, 2017
2. The Final Campaign 1864 Marker
orders for a frontal assault.

The attack began at 4 pm…

(sidebar)
John Bell Hood
Lieutenant General John Bell Hood was only 33 years old when he commanded the Army of the Tennessee at Franklin. With a withered left arm (wounded at Gettysburg), and nearly his entire left leg missing (amputated at Chickamauga), he had the added pressure of commanding the largest mobile army left in the Confederacy. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia was then under siege, trapped in Richmond and Petersburg, unable to move and running out of supplies against the much larger Army of the Potomac.

John Schofield
Union Major General John McAllister Schofield, also 33 years old at the Battle of Franklin, was hoping that his army would not need to fight here. But the high waters of the Harpeth River and problems with the two bridges that spanned it delayed his rush to reach Nashville and its vast network of Union forts. When the sun began to set here on November 30, 1864, it appeared that the darkness would help prevent a battle he wished to avoid. The battle came nonetheless.
 
Erected by Franklin's Charge.
 
Location. 35° 54.297′ N, 86° 51.519′ W. Marker is in Franklin, Tennessee, in Williamson County.
John Bell Hood image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl
3. John Bell Hood
Marker can be reached from Eastern Flank Circle 0.4 miles south of Lewisburg Pike (Business U.S. 431), on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Located in Eastern Flank Battlefield Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1345 Eastern Flank Cir, Franklin TN 37064, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Battle of Franklin (here, next to this marker); Hood's Retreat (here, next to this marker); Standing at the Crossroads 1861 (here, next to this marker); Becoming the Front Line 1862 (here, next to this marker); A Crucial War Zone 1863 (here, next to this marker); Battle of Franklin, Eastern Flank (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Battle of Franklin, Eastern Flank (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Battle of Franklin, Eastern Flank (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Franklin.
 
Also see . . .
1. Eastern Flank Battlefield Park. (Submitted on May 11, 2017, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia.)
2. The Battle of Franklin. (Submitted on May 11, 2017, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
John Schofield image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl
4. John Schofield
The Confederacy in 1864 image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl
5. The Confederacy in 1864
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on May 15, 2017. This page originally submitted on May 11, 2017, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia. This page has been viewed 84 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on May 11, 2017, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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