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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Frederick in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Historic Frederick Barracks

War of 1812 Period

 
 
Historic Frederick Barracks Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 9, 2017
1. Historic Frederick Barracks Marker
Inscription. The limestone barracks in front of you, built in 1778, is among the oldest and most important surviving American military structures in the nation. The barracks consisted of two L-shaped buildings, but only the eastern wing remains today. During the War of 1812 waves of American troops from Maryland and Virginia encamped here on the way to Washington and Baltimore to repel British forces.

In addition to serving as a military command center and arsenal, the barracks aided in safeguarding Maryland state documents during the war, and holding captured British soldiers after the Battles of Bladensburg and Baltimore.

1777 — As the American Revolution unfolded, the Maryland General Assembly authorized construction of the Barracks.

1782 - 1783 — German prisoners of war captured by the Americans were quartered here at what later became known as the “Hessian Barracks.”

1802 — Lewis and Clark used the barracks as a depot for supplies gathered to outfit their Corps of Discovery expedition to the American West.

1812 - 1815 — By April 1812 United States troops were quartered here, among them the 6th U.S. Infantry, as well as militia from Maryland and Virginia.

1850s — The Agricultural Society of Frederick County held their annual exposition
Historic Frederick Barracks Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 9, 2017
2. Historic Frederick Barracks Marker
The Barracks are currently (May 2017) undergoing renovation.
here. This evolved into what is now the Great Frederick Fair.

1861 - 1865 — Doctors nurses and volunteers cared for soldiers wounded at South Mountain, Antietam, Gettysburg, Monocacy, and other Civil War battles.

1868 — The Maryland School for the Deaf occupied the barracks and surrounding property. To make way for the school's Main Building, the west wing of the barracks were dismantled.
 
Location. 39° 24.533′ N, 77° 24.582′ W. Marker is in Frederick, Maryland, in Frederick County. Marker is at the intersection of Clarke Place on Clarke Place. Touch for map. At the Maryland School for the Deaf. Marker is at or near this postal address: 101 Clarke Place, Frederick MD 21701, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Frederick Town Barracks (here, next to this marker); United States Army General Hospital #1 (here, next to this marker); “The Great Baby Waker” (a few steps from this marker); Hessian Barracks - Witness to History (a few steps from this marker); These Barracks (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Frederick Town Barracks
Notice for soldiers to report here in May 1812 image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 9, 2017
3. Notice for soldiers to report here in May 1812
Close-up of image on marker
(within shouting distance of this marker); Gen. Bradley T. Johnson (approx. 0.2 miles away); Graves, Monuments, and Memorials (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Frederick.
 
Categories. Notable BuildingsWar of 1812War, US CivilWar, US Revolutionary
 
Vestiges of Military Life image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 9, 2017
4. Vestiges of Military Life
In 1975 restoration crews found these vestiges of military life under the barracks floorboards: a uniform button, U.S. 6th Infantry Regiment; a Key; a Cabinet lock plate and a pottery shard.
Close-up of image on marker
Commanding Position image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 9, 2017
5. Commanding Position
During the War of 1812, the barracks held a commanding position near the junction of the roads to Baltimore and Washington — today's I-70 and 270 corridors.
Close-up of map on marker
U.S. 6th Infantry at the Frederick Barracks image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 9, 2017
6. U.S. 6th Infantry at the Frederick Barracks
Close-up of image on marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on May 14, 2017. This page originally submitted on May 12, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 84 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on May 12, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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