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Veracruz in Municipality of Veracruz, Mexico — The Gulf Coast
 

The Last Stronghold of the Spanish in Mexico

 
 
The Last Stronghold of the Spanish in Mexico Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 23, 2017
1. The Last Stronghold of the Spanish in Mexico Marker
Inscription.
El último reducto español
En 1821, Agustín de Iturbide proclamó la independencia de la Nueva España. Sin embargo, para la Corona española, México era sólo una colonia rebelde. Las tropas realistas se acuartelaron en San Juan de Ulúa y bombardearon la ciudad de Veracruz.

Desde Cuba, los españoles del fuerte recibían municiones y víveres, con lo que parecía que su rendición no llegaría. Miguel Barragán, general potosino, decidió terminar con el dominio español: sitió la fortaleza con ayuda del marino Pedro Sáenz e impidió la llegada del abasto proveniente de La Habana.

La escasez de alimentos y agua provocó, al fin, la rendición de los ocupantes. Después del sitio prolongado, los soldados enfermos fueron atendidos en residencias veracruzanas, y luego, enviados a La Habana. El 19 de noviembre de 1825, la bandera tricolor ondeó por primera vez en la fortaleza. San Juan de Ulúa fue la primera y última posesión española en México.

English translation:
The Last Stronghold of the Spanish
In 1821, Agustín de Iturbide proclaimed the independence of New Spain. However, for the Spanish Crown, Mexico was only a rebellious colony. The Royal troops were quartered in San Juan de Ulúa and bombed the city of Veracruz. From Cuba the Spaniards of the fort received ammunition
The Last Stronghold of the Spanish in Mexico Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 23, 2017
2. The Last Stronghold of the Spanish in Mexico Marker
and provisions, so it seemed that their surrender would not easily arrive. Miguel Barragán, General from San Luis Potosí, decided to end the Spanish presence: he besieged the fortress with the help of naval Captain Pedro Sáenz and prevented the arrival of supplies from Havana.

The shortage of food and water finally caused the surrender of the occupants. After the prolonged siege, the sick soldiers were taken care of in private residences in Veracruz, and then sent to Havana. On November 19, 1825, the tricolor flag of Mexico waved for the first time over the fortress. San Juan de Ulúa was the first and last Spanish possession in Mexico.
 
Location. 19° 12.544′ N, 96° 7.892′ W. Marker is in Veracruz, Veracruz, in Municipality of Veracruz. Touch for map. The marker is located in the middle southern part of the Fort of San Juan de Ulúa, near the the Wall of Rings. Marker is in this post office area: Veracruz 91700, Mexico.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Wall of the Rings (within shouting distance of this marker); The “Curtain” of San Fernando (within shouting distance of this marker); The Bastion of San Crispin (within shouting distance of this marker); Patio of the Curtain or Dry Moat (within shouting distance of this marker); The Governor's House (within shouting distance of this marker); The Bastion of San Pedro (within shouting distance of this marker); General Miguel Barragán (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Benito Juárez in Prison in San Juan de Ulúa (about 120 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Veracruz.
 
Categories. Colonial EraForts, CastlesMan-Made FeaturesWars, Non-US
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 9, 2017. This page originally submitted on June 9, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 60 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on June 9, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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