Derwood in Montgomery County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Farming and Labor in Montgomery County
Our farmers during the past week have been quite busy planting corn, their oat seeding having been finished.… The destruction of much of the fencing in this county by the troops lately stationed in it, together with the wet weather, has necessarily interfered very much with many in getting in their oat and corn crops at the usual time. (20 May 1862)
By 1864, sources of labor were of a much interest as the weather. Because of the war, the available number of both young white men and enslaved laborers was dwindling. The Emancipation Proclamation, issued by President Lincoln in January 1863, freed only the those enslaved in states that had seceded from the Union. It did not apply to border states like Maryland that remained loyal to the Union. Yet some enslaved were not willing to wait for a government proclamation to seek freedom:
The slaves have been leaving our [Montgomery] county in so continuous a
Farmers, like Edwin Muncaster who maintained 45 bondspeople in this very property in 1860, had “great apprehensions....that serious loss may occur from scarcity of labor necessary to secure the various crops.” On this 800 acre farm, enslaved men, women, and children worked fields of wheat, Indian Corn, Irish potatoes, rye, and hay. In time, hired hands and tenant farmers were employed to ensure peak cultivation of these cash crops." (Baltimore Sun, 28 June 1864)
Erected by Montgomery Parks.
Location. 39° 9.837′ N, 77° 7.849′ W. Marker is in Derwood, Maryland, in Montgomery County. Marker can be reached from Rock Creek Park Road half a mile north of Muncaster Road. Touch for map. Located in the Agricultural History Farm Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 18410 Rock Creek Park Rd, Derwood MD 20855, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within Bussard Farmhouse (within shouting distance of this marker); Agricultural History Farm Park (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Newmantown (approx. 0.2 miles away); Nike Missile Local Park (approx. 2.4 miles away); Oakley Cabin (approx. 3.3 miles away); Rolling Ridge (approx. 3.4 miles away); Olney House (approx. 3.6 miles away); The Early Years (approx. 3.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Derwood.
Categories. • African Americans • Agriculture • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on July 13, 2017. This page originally submitted on July 5, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 66 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on July 5, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. 7. submitted on July 7, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.