“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Hilton Head Island in Beaufort County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)

Mitchelville Building Sites

Mitchelville Building Sites Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon D Cross, June 13, 2017
1. Mitchelville Building Sites Marker
Inscription.  The Maps and Pictures below identify the approximate locations of roads and buildings that were in Mitchelville circa 1862-1868.The Town of Mitchelville had praise houses, stores, schools and numerous homes. Unfortunately no physical remains of Mitchelville building sites exist today. Recent archeological information and field surveys suggest the following:

(top left) Plot of original Mitchelville plan circa 1865. Courtesy of the National Archives RG77 Map 152

(bottom left) This surveyed area outlines a building site approximately 22' x 18'.

Overlay of current Fish Haul Creek Park on the original Mitchelville plan. Courtesy of Heritage Library & Sea Island Survey Group

(top right) Refugee quarters at Mitchelville in 1864. Courtesy of Heritage Library

By 1865 Mitchelville contained “about 1500 souls.” The houses were often simply built: the freed slaves themselves provided the labor; the military saw mill provided free lumber; and each family had about a quarter of an acre for planting gardens.

(bottom right) William Simmons, an escaped slave,
Mitchelville Freedom Park Pavilion image. Click for full size.
By Brandon D Cross, June 12, 2017
2. Mitchelville Freedom Park Pavilion
was given his freedom in Mitchelville and purchased this land in the Squire Pope community after 1865 with earnings made from service in the U.S. Army. This two-room house was built in the style of Mitchelville era homes in 1930, by his grandson "Duey" and restored in 2010 and is now part of the Gullah Museum of Hilton Head Island.
Location. 32° 14.219′ N, 80° 41.225′ W. Marker is in Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, in Beaufort County. Marker can be reached from Beach City Road 0.4 miles from Dillon Road, on the right when traveling north. Within walking distance of the entrance of Fish Haul Creek Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 226 Beach City Rd, Hilton Head Island SC 29926, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Mitchelville and Abolitionists (here, next to this marker); Working for Wages/Freedmen’s Bureau (a few steps from this marker); Religion in Mitchelville/School in Mitchelville (a few steps from this marker); Reconnecting with Family (a few steps from this marker); The Dawn of Freedom: Mitchelville (within shouting distance of this marker); The Battle of Port Royal/William Fitzhugh and Black Sailors in the Union Navy (within shouting distance
Mitchelville Historical Markers image. Click for full size.
By Brandon D Cross, June 12, 2017
3. Mitchelville Historical Markers
of this marker); Black Troops on Hilton Head (within shouting distance of this marker); Cherry Hill School (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hilton Head Island.
Regarding Mitchelville Building Sites. Mitchelville Freedom Park is the “brain trust” of a dedicated group of volunteers organized as the Mitchelville Preservation Project. Their mission, as quoted from its website, is to: “offer visitors a multi-dimensional freedom celebration that includes historical, cultural, social, political, economic and spiritual components. Parts of the original Town of Mitchelville will be recreated, and the Freedom Park will feature a series of ever changing learning opportunities in the form of revolving exhibits, lectures, forums, tours and cultural programs”.
Located within Fish Haul Creek Park, the site currently consist of a free standing pavilion and numerous markers depicting historical events related to Mitchelville.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. They are related to the Mitchelville Freedom Park Preservation Project.
Also see . . .
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 Mitchelville Preservation Project. (Submitted on July 9, 2017.)
Categories. Abolition & Underground RRAfrican AmericansSettlements & SettlersWar, US Civil

More. Search the internet for Mitchelville Building Sites.
Credits. This page was last revised on July 16, 2017. This page originally submitted on July 7, 2017, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida. This page has been viewed 127 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 7, 2017, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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