Hilton Head Island in Beaufort County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Mitchelville and Abolitionists
On April 13, 1865, the day before President Lincoln was shot, abolitionists William Lloyd Garrison and Theodore Tilton visited Mitchelville and attended a church service there. John G. Nicolay, former secretary to President Lincoln and then consul to Paris, also attended. The Rev Abraham Mercherson, the pastor and Mayor of Mitchelville, led the congregation in prayer.
(top) William Lloyd Garrison, The New York Commercial Advertiser, April 24, 1865 from Mitchelville: Mr. Garrison was rapturously welcomed, and began his address by reading Moses’ triumphal song, Exodus XV, and then, for a half an hour, magnetized his colored constituents, as he detailed the early history of the anti-slavery movement in America. He stated that he
(bottom left) Sen. Simon Cameron, Secretary of War for Lincoln from 1861 to 1862, visited Mitchelville as part of a Congressional visit to the South after the war. He attended church with the freedmen and contributed money towards a new chapel that the grateful church named St. Simons in his honor. Image courtesy of The Library of Congress.
(bottom right) Harriet Tubman, c. 1880. Tubman came to Hilton Head Island in 1862 and worked behind the Confederate lines. She also worked to convince others to become spies and scouts for the Union army. She led a battle on the Combahee River resulting in the freeing of over 800 African slaves. Image courtesy of The Library of Congress.
Erected by Mitchelville Preservation Project.
Location. 32° 14.223′ N, 80° 41.223′ W. Marker is in Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, in Beaufort County. Marker can be reached from Beach City Road 0.4 miles from Dillon Road, on the right when traveling north. Marker located within walking distance of entrance, and inside Fish Haul Creek Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 226 Beach City Rd, Hilton Head Island SC 29926, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Mitchelville Building Sites (here, next to this marker); Working for Wages/Freedmen’s Bureau Religion in Mitchelville/School in Mitchelville (a few steps from this marker); Reconnecting with Family (a few steps from this marker); The Dawn of Freedom: Mitchelville (within shouting distance of this marker); The Battle of Port Royal/William Fitzhugh and Black Sailors in the Union Navy (within shouting distance of this marker); Black Troops on Hilton Head (within shouting distance of this marker); Cherry Hill School (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hilton Head Island.
Regarding Mitchelville and Abolitionists. Mitchelville Freedom Park is the “brain trust” of a dedicated group of volunteers organized as the Mitchelville Preservation Project. Their mission, as quoted from its website, is to: “offer visitors a multi-dimensional freedom celebration that includes historical, cultural, social, political, economic and spiritual components. Parts of the original Town of Mitchelville will be recreated, and the Freedom Park will feature a series of ever changing learning opportunities in the form of revolving exhibits, lectures, forums, tours and cultural programs”.
Located within Fish Haul Creek Park, the site currently consist of a free standing pavilion and numerous markers depicting historical events related to Mitchelville.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. They are related to the Mitchelville Freedom Park Preservation Project.
Also see . . . Mitchelville Preservation Project. (Submitted on July 12, 2017.)
Categories. • Abolition & Underground RR • African Americans • Settlements & Settlers • War, US Civil •
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Credits. This page was last revised on July 16, 2017. This page originally submitted on July 9, 2017, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida. This page has been viewed 124 times since then and 20 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on July 9, 2017, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.