Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Teotihuacán de Arista in Municipality of Teotihuacán, Estado de Mexico, Mexico — The Central Highlands
 

The Puma Mural

 
 
The Puma Mural Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, June 28, 2017
1. The Puma Mural Marker
Inscription.
Mural del Puma
Este mural fue descubierto durante las exploraciones arqueológicas de 1963. Forma parte de un conjunto de plataformas y templos que integran una unidad arquitectónica conocida como Grupo del Mural del Puma.

En la escena que se aprecia la representación de un gran felino de perfil, el hocico abierto y las patas con grandes garras. Por su coloración, la ausencia de manchas en la piel y la forma de la cola entre otros rasgos, se cree que es un puma.

Esta pintado sobre un fondo de bandas oblicuas, en colores que se alternan en rojo, blanco y verde y que simbolizan un ambiente acuático. La moldura del tablero esta decorada con círculos verdes que representan chalchihuites o piedras semipreciosas que representan lo divino.

Pie de dibujos:
Dibujo del Mural del Puma

El puma (Puma concolor) es un felino que llega a medir más de 2 metros de longitud y pesar entre 25 y 65 kg. Su cola es larga y representa cerca de un tercio de su longitud total. El pelaje suele ser corto y de color uniforme pardo grisáceo claro o pardo obscuro rojizo. Aunque hoy extinto en la región, vivía desde Canadá hasta la Patagonia.

El “jade” o piedra verde llamada chalchihuite en náhuatl, simbolizaba lo precioso y lo divino entre los pueblos prehispánicos.
The Puma Mural Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, June 28, 2017
2. The Puma Mural Marker
The marker can be seen here to the left of the covered area, which protects the mural. Note the Pyramid of the Sun in the distance.
Existen collares, pulseras, anillos pectorales y muchos otros objetos de este material en toda Mesoamérica.

Náhuatl
Mural del Puma
Inin tlacuicuiliztlapalli in tlen onca ipan in tepamitl mixnetl in cuac Omochiuch in tlmachiltataquiliztli ipan 1963 xihuitl. Mochi inin ica occequintin tlatezontin ihuan teopantin, in tlen mochtin in caltecpanchichihualixtli mixmatl in quenin Grupo del Mural de Pluma (sic, Puma), inin mixpantiliztli cuali teihtitla in quenin motlapaltlallaya in mixpa in tlen itoca talud-tablero, in tlen oncate ipan in caltecpantin, ihuan in tlen ocate itlanacaztla in Mihca Otli.

Ipan in ixtlacuiculliztli cuali momahuizohua in quenin monacaztla ce hueyi mixtli, inin mate in tlen itoca puma, in tlen tlapouhtoc icamac ihuan iztetehuehueyac ixcihuan quipiya. Inin omixtlacuicuililo ipan cequi tlacuilmelaztique, ihuan mocha tlapalli quipiya in tlen mopapatla ica chichiltic, iztac ihuan xoxoctic, in tlen mocha inin mixpantla in tlen onca itec in atl. Ixpa ixaya in tablero quipiya in tlacuicuiliztin ica xoxoctique yeyehualtoton in tlen quixnextla in chalchihuitl, onoco tlazotli tetl.

English:
The Puma Mural
This mural was discovered during archaeological explorations in 1963. It is part of a group of platforms and temples that comprise an architectural unit known
The Puma Mural Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, June 28, 2017
3. The Puma Mural Marker
as the Puma Complex. This representation acquaints one with the type of decoration on the slope-panel façade of the buildings located on both sides of the Avenue of the Dead.

In the scene shown here you see the profiled portrayal of a large wild cat, probably a puma, with open jaws and large claws protruding from its paws. It is painted over a background of slanting bands alternately colored red, white and green, symbolizing an aquatic atmosphere. The panel molding is decorated with green circles that represent “chalchihuites”, or precious stones.

Captions:
A drawing of the Puma Mural

The puma (Puma concolor) is a feline that can reach more than 2 meters in length and weighs between 25 and 65 kg. Its tail is long and represents about a third of its total length. Their coat is usually short and of uniform grayish brown to light brown or dark reddish brown color. Although now extinct in the region, it lived from Canada to Patagonia.

The jade or green stone is called chalchihuite in Náhuatl and symbolized the precious and divine among the pre-Hispanic peoples. There have been necklaces, bracelets, medallions, rings and many other objects made of this material found throughout Mesoamerica.
 
Erected by Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH).
 
Location.
The Puma Mural image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, June 28, 2017
4. The Puma Mural
19° 41.738′ N, 98° 50.693′ W. Marker is in Teotihuacán de Arista, Estado de Mexico, in Municipality of Teotihuacán. Marker can be reached from Route 132 just east of Avenida Pirámides. Touch for map. The marker is approximately 100 meters south of the Plaza of the Moon, on the left while heading south on the Calzada de los Muertos at the Teotihuacan Archaeological Site. Marker is in this post office area: Teotihuacán de Arista, Estado de Mexico 55880, Mexico.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Late Occupation of Teotihuacan and the Mexica Presence (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Temple of Agriculture (about 120 meters away); Miccoatli (about 210 meters away); The Quetzalpapálotl Architectural Complex (about 210 meters away); The Importance of the Pyramid of the Sun (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); A Ceremonial Incense Burner (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); The History of Teotihuacán (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); The Pyramid of the Sun (approx. 0.3 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Teotihuacán de Arista.
 
Categories. ArchitectureArts, Letters, MusicMan-Made FeaturesNative Americans
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 17, 2017. This page originally submitted on July 17, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 56 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 17, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
Paid Advertisement