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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Lubbock in Lubbock County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Migrant Labor Camps of Lubbock County

 
 
Migrant Labor Camps of Lubbock County Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, June 9, 2017
1. Migrant Labor Camps of Lubbock County Marker
Inscription. Early Hispanic residents of frontier Lubbock County included ranch hands in the 1880s. Railroad lines brought many workers to the south plains, the majority recruited from El Paso. Rail companies built row houses near construction sites, and Lubbock’s rail labor camps became ethnic enclaves for Hispanic workers. One of the early settlements southwest of town was called Shipley’s Railroad Camp. Cotton raising, which began as a side crop on area ranches, also attracted temporary labor as production increased. One field labor camp developed near the Slaton Roundhouse. Cotton pickers from south Texas and Mexico arrived in a seasonal migration, although some found year-round ranch work. While on the migration circuit, Hispanic citizens lived in large labor camps throughout the county and along every major highway into Lubbock.

In the city, a barrio called “Mexican Town” or the “Chihuahua District” developed in this locale. Standard homes were tents or simple structures, and the neighborhood was poverty-ridden and overcrowded. The Great Depression worsened living conditions for most residents but especially for the working poor. Mexican migrants and Hispanic citizens also faced segregated facilities including schools, theaters and restaurants. In 1948 the city council paid for a corrugated metal building
Migrant Labor Camps of Lubbock County Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, June 9, 2017
2. Migrant Labor Camps of Lubbock County Marker
at the largest camp as a labor recruiting site. In may 1970, a tornado destroyed much of the neighborhood, and of the twenty-six people killed nearly half were barrio residents. By 2000, Hispanics made up about one-third of the city population and one-half of the public school enrollment. Lubbock also boasted dozens of Hispanic organizations advocating for business, civil rights, leadership, families, the arts, youth and education. Aztlan Park is the site of the former migrant labor camp.
 
Erected 2008 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 15653.)
 
Location. 33° 35.828′ N, 101° 50.688′ W. Marker is in Lubbock, Texas, in Lubbock County. Marker is on 1st Place west of Buddy Holly Avenue, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Lubbock TX 79401, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within one mile of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Yellowhouse Canyon (approx. 0.6 miles away); Prairie Dog Town (approx. 0.6 miles away); A Tribute to Cotton (approx. 0.8 miles away); Colonel T. S. Lubbock / Texas in the Civil War (approx. 0.8 miles away); Mackenzie Scout Trail (approx.
Aztlan Park image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, June 9, 2017
3. Aztlan Park
0.9 miles away); First Methodist Church of Lubbock (approx. 0.9 miles away); Forks of the Brazos (approx. one mile away); Bacon Home (approx. 1.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lubbock.
 
Categories. AgricultureHispanic Americans
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 1, 2017. This page originally submitted on July 31, 2017, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. This page has been viewed 68 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 31, 2017, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona.
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