Yorktown in York County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
1781 Siege of Yorktown
“I propose a cessation of hostilities for twenty four hours, and that two officers may be appointed by each side, to meet at Mr. Moore’s house, to settle terms for the surrender of the posts of York and Gloucester.”
General Charles Lord Cornwallis to General George Washington, October 17, 1781
On October 18, 1781, after eight days of continual bombardment, the battlefield was finally tranquil. Washington and Cornwallis now focused on the surrender negotiations taking place at this house, the home of Augustine Moore. Each general had selected two officers to handle the face-to-face discussions. Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Dundas and Major Alexander Ross represented the British, while Lieutenant Colonel John Laurens and Second Colonel Viscount de Noailles spoke for the Allies.
Slowing the progress was Laurens’ insistence, with Washington’s support, that the British submit to similar terms granted by the British to the defeated American army at Charleston, South Carolina, in 1780. Those terms had deprived the American soldiers to surrender with the army’s personal honor intact. The British argued for better terms, but the Allies prevailed and around midnight, a draft of the “Articles of Capitulation” was completed with 14 provisions, including two conditions that denied the
Erected by Colonial National Historic Park, National Park Service.
Location. 37° 13.32′ N, 76° 29.174′ W. Marker is in Yorktown, Virginia, in York County. Marker is on Historical Tour Road, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is located on the Yorktown Battlefield in Colonial National Historical Park, at stop E on the Battlefield Tour. Marker is in this post office area: Yorktown VA 23690, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. The Deposit (approx. 0.4 miles away); American Approach Road (approx. 0.4 miles away); Wormley Creek Crossing (approx. half a mile away); Wear Of Centuries (approx. half a mile away); The First Siege Line (approx. 0.6 miles away); Communicating Trench (approx. 0.7 miles away); Time, Tide and Erosion (approx. 0.7 miles away); Redoubts 9 and 10 (approx. ¾ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Yorktown.
More about this marker. The top right of the marker contains a “Matthew Brady image by photographer Alexander Gardner show[ing] the Moore House after the 1862 Siege of Yorktown.”
The middle of the marker features “A draft of capitulation articles 1 and 2 in the handwriting of British negotiator, Major Alexander Ross. Courtesy of The Pierpont Morgan Library, New York.”
Also see . . .
1. Yorktown Battlefield, Moore House. National Park Service. (Submitted on August 23, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
2. The Battle of Yorktown. The Patriot Resource website. (Submitted on August 23, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
3. The Battle of Yorktown 1781. A British perspective of the Battle of Yorktown from BritishBattles.com. (Submitted on August 23, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
Categories. • Notable Buildings • Notable Events • Notable Places • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 23, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,232 times since then and 45 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on August 23, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 7, 8. submitted on December 27, 2014.