“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Yorktown, Virginia

Clickable Map of Arlington County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Arlington County, VA (455) Alexandria Ind. City, VA (356) Fairfax County, VA (706) Falls Church Ind. City, VA (137) Washington, DC (2480) Montgomery County, MD (730)  ArlingtonCounty(455) Arlington County (455)  Alexandria(356) Alexandria (356)  FairfaxCounty(706) Fairfax County (706)  FallsChurch(137) Falls Church (137)  D.C.(2480) Washington (2480)  MontgomeryCountyMaryland(730) Montgomery County (730)
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1 Virginia, Arlington County, Arlington, Yorktown — George Nicholas Saegmuller1847-1934
Saegmuller, a native of Germany, came to America at 23 and achieved success as an inventor and manufacturer of scientific instruments. He lived here at Reserve Hill, the home of his parents-in-law, the Vandenbergs, and contributed in many ways to . . . Map (db m56519) HM
2 Virginia, Arlington County, Arlington, Yorktown — John Saegmuller House
This Prairie style house was built around 1926 for John Leonard Saegmuller. The prominent local family owned about 240 acres of land in this part of the county. John worked for his father George Nicholas designing optical instruments at his factory, . . . Map (db m57639) HM
3 Virginia, Arlington County, Arlington, Yorktown — Little Falls Road
Little Falls Road was originally a trail from the Indian villages at the head of Four Mile Run to the Potomac River fisheries just below the Little Falls. Later it was developed as a wagon road from the settlement at the Falls Church to Thomas Lee’s . . . Map (db m55811) HM
4 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — A Changed Scene
Most of the high ground around Yorktown was under cultivation in 1781. In the 1770’s the land in front of you was known as “General Nelson's Quarter”. Here and elsewhere houses that stood have crumbled away and, in many instances, woods . . . Map (db m61592) HM
5 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Agenois Encampment
The tents of the Regiment Agenois stretched to your right in 1781 with two other French regiments Gatinois and Touraine, beyond. These men, coming from the West Indies, wore linen uniforms, light for the “cold nights” of October in . . . Map (db m11150) HM
6 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — American Approach Road
The steep banks of this ravine gave American troops protection from British cannon fire as they moved up to build and man the siege lines. French troops used a similar cover to the west.Map (db m90414) HM
7 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — American Encampment1781 Siege of Yorktown — Colonial National Historical Park —
“The American troops encamped in a wood within a mile of the Enemy’s left line – and the French troops encamped on their right.” Lieutenant William Feltman, Pennsylvania Battalion, September 28, 1781 On September 28, . . . Map (db m10862) HM
8 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — American Field Hospital1781 Siege of Yorktown — Colonial National Historical Park —
I attended at the hospital, amputated a man’s arm, and assisted in dressing a number of wounds. Dr. James Thacher, October 1781 I hastened with all speed to the hospital … to procure another supply from Dr. Craik; and he desired that if . . . Map (db m11068) HM
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9 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — An Archer House
Yorktown had a "great fire" in 1814. This destroyed all but the foundations of this house, thought to be one of Thomas Archer's "Houses under the Hill." The present restoration is the nineteeth century dwelling built on the older stone foundations.Map (db m80986) HM
10 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Aviation Field Yorktown
From July 1919 until August 1921, the U.S. Navy operated an aviation training school at the U.S. Navy Mine Depot, today’s Naval Weapons Station Yorktown. The school provided the first advanced aviation training for naval pilots in bomb, torpedo, and . . . Map (db m64638) HM
11 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Baron De Viomenil
This able French officer, who headquartered here, had heavy responsibilities. He directed the French army’s march to Virginia. He planned the assault on Redoubt 9. A decade after serving the cause of Revolution here, he met his death opposing it in . . . Map (db m11146) HM
12 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Baron Von Steuben
This general was experienced in siege warfare such as characterized the Yorktown battle and so he was invaluable to Washington. Von Steuben maintained headquarters here with his division of American troops.Map (db m11121) HM
13 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Beaver Dam Creek
This sluggish and marshy headwater of the Warwick River generally divided the French and American encampments. Although both forces were under Washington, separate unit organization was respected and preserved through the siege.Map (db m61591) HM
14 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Bellfield Plantation
The Bellfield house site and graveyard are located some 300 yards to the east. This was the home of two early Virginia governors, Captain John West in 1632 and Edward Digges who bought the property from West in 1650. Here Digges produced superior . . . Map (db m39797) HM
15 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Bicentennial of the Treaties of Paris and Versailles
A l'occasion du bicentenaire des traites de Paris et de Versailles qui consacrerent le 3 septembre 1783 l'Independance des Estats-Unis d'Amerique cette plaque a ete apposee par les Filles de la Revolution Americaine en temoignage de . . . Map (db m167790) HM WM
16 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Bourbonnois Brigade Encampment
French infantry troops at Yorktown were organized into three brigades. This brigade, some 1,800 soldiers and officers, was composed of the Bourbonnois and Deux Ponts regiments brought from New York by Rochambeau.Map (db m90959) HM
17 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — British Inner Defense Line1781 Siege of Yorktown — Colonial National Historical Park —
“The town was … surrounded by a ditch and thick parapet, having a horn work in the centre, in … which were batteries lined with facines. The parapet ran to the river on the left … The parapet was formed of trees cut in the woods and placed . . . Map (db m10658) HM
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18 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Brotherhood PreservedColonial National Historic Park
A few weeks before his resignation as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army, December 4, 1783, Washington said farewell to his officers: “With a heart full of love and gratitude, I now take my leave of you.”   But the . . . Map (db m10910) HM
19 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Capture of Redoubt No. 10
On this line at the Siege of Yorktown on October 14, 1781, at night the Battalions of Gimat, Hamilton and Laurens of the Light Infantry Division of Major-General Marquis de Lafayette, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Hamilton with . . . Map (db m10617) HM
20 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — NP-1 — Charles Church
About one mile east, on north (left-hand) side of road (see stone marker and old foundations) stood the last colonial church of Charles Parish, built about 1708 and burned a century later, on the site of two earlier churches of the parish, built . . . Map (db m34008) HM
21 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Charles Cox House
The "Trustees to the Portland of York Towne" deeded this corner lot to Charles Cox, "Inholder" and "Planter" in 1706. Cox probably built the house pictured here before selling the property in 1729 to Thomas Nelson, in whose family it remained for . . . Map (db m99091) HM
22 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Cheatham Annex
The piers and structures across the water are an extension of the Naval Base at Norfolk. This takes advantage of the excellent York River deep water channel as did Cornwallis when, in 1781, he chose Yorktown as his base.Map (db m25805) HM
23 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Chesapeake Bay Impact Crater
The world’s sixth largest impact crater was created about 35 million years ago when a two to three mile wide asteroid or comet splashed into a shallow sea and shattered Earth’s crust. Debris shot up and everything within 600 miles was killed. A . . . Map (db m64605) HM
24 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Chesapeake Bay Watermen
Rugged men and women have made their living on the Chesapeake Bay and its rivers for centuries. Known as watermen, they hand down skills learned by observing water, climate, and wildlife. Consequently, younger generations learn time-honored maritime . . . Map (db m64636) HM
25 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Civil War Hot-Air Balloons
In April and May of 1862, Union and Confederate commanders deployed observation balloons near Yorktown during the Peninsula Campaign. Professor Thaddeus Lowe and Brigadier General Fitz-John Porter gathered intelligence about the Confederate defenses . . . Map (db m64611) HM
26 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Cole Digges House, circa 1730Historic Yorktown — Colonial National Historical Park —
“I hope your Lord will think fit to move His Majesty to appoint another Councillor…I humbly recomend to your Lord for that Purpose Mr. Cole Digges a Gentleman who lives very convenient to the Seat of Government, of an ample Fortune, good . . . Map (db m100096) HM
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27 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Cole Digges House, circa 1925Historic Yorktown — Colonial National Historical Park —
“…an example of all that was fine and most lasting in Colonial domestic architecture…” Clyde F. Trudell, 1938 Throughout its long history, the Cole Diggers House served many roles in the village of Yorktown. Originally used . . . Map (db m61606) HM
28 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Colonial Grace ChurchYork-Hampton Parish
"A national shrine at the cradle of the Republic" Erected 1697 • Burned 1814 • Partially rebuilt 1823 • Rebuilt 1926 These are the original walls, built of marl. The bell was cast in London in 1725. Broken during fire of 1814. Recast in . . . Map (db m83887) HM
29 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Communicating Trench
To your left is a rebuilt trench dug to protect advancing troops from shell fire --- heavy in this open area. The trench followed a zig-zag pattern so as to keep a bank of earth between the men in the trenches and British cannonading.Map (db m11188) HM
30 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Comte de Grasse
In honor of Comte de Grasse Admiral of the French Fleet whose landing of troops and blockade of the Chesapeake Bay were decisive factors leading to the surrender of the British Forces of Yorktown, Virginia October 19, 1781.Map (db m167794) HM WM
31 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Comte de Rochambeau1781 Siege of Yorktown — Colonial National Historical Park —
I hasten to impart to you the happiness I feel at the welcome news of your arrival; and as well in the name of the American army as my own name to present you with an assurance of our warmest sentiments for allies who have so generously come to . . . Map (db m11071) HM
32 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Cornwallis Headquarters1781 Siege of Yorktown
"…Lord Cornwallis has built a kind of Grotto at the foot of the secretary's Garden where he lives under Ground…" – St. George Tucker, October 11, 1781 On the level plain above you stood the home of Thomas Nelson, former . . . Map (db m78223) HM
33 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Custom House, circa 1720
…collectors are hereby impowered to demand, secure, and receive all…the duties, customes and imposts…with full power to go on board any boat, ship or other vessel, or into any house…where he shall have just cause to suspect any . . . Map (db m80984) HM
34 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — D’Aboville’s Headquarters
Colonel D’Aboville set up headquarters here near his artillery park. Plantation buildings then existed belonging to Secretary Nelson’s “Quarter.” As ranking artillery officer in Rochambeau’s command, D’Aboville played a major role . . . Map (db m11145) HM
35 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Don't Tread on Me!Caution: Fragile Fortifications
The earthworks in front of you and across the open plain played an integral part in the battle that won American independence. For many American, French, British, and German soldiers, only these fortifications stood between them and the enemy during . . . Map (db m86167) HM
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36 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Dudley Digges House, circa 1760Historic Yorktown — Colonial National Historical Park —
"…Lieutenant-colonel Tarleton directed them to charge into the town, (Charlottesville, Virginia)… and to apprehend, if possible, the governor and assembly. Seven members of the assembly were secured…and several officers and men, were . . . Map (db m61596) HM
37 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Early Colonial Custom House
Built in 1706 Yorktown Was made a port of entry at a General Assembly of the Colony and Dominion of Williamsburg the twenty-third day of October 1705 in the fourth year of the reign of her Majesty Queen Anne The Comte de Grasse Chapter The . . . Map (db m99092) HM WM
38 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — East Along Main StreetHistoric Yorktown — Colonial National Historical Park —
“Yorktown, a small but pleasant and well built little city, close to the river; has an English church and a courthouse… Upon our arrival the inhabitants fled with their wives and children, leaving behind all their furniture and . . . Map (db m61612) HM
39 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — First Allied Siege Line1781 Siege of Yorktown — Colonial National Historical Park —
“The next night, which was the sixth of October … We this night completed laying out the works. The troops of the line were there ready with entrenching tools and began to entrench, after General Washington had struck a few blows with a . . . Map (db m10829) HM
40 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — French American Revolutionary War Memorial
Hommage de la France aux combattant tombes pour l'Independence des Etats-Unis d'Amerique. France pays tribute to those who died fighting for the Independence of the United States of America.Map (db m167789) WM
41 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — French Artillery Park
Cannon were repaired and stored here. The time-worn earthworks visible on each side of the road were for protection, probably built by the French soldiers who operated the “Park.”Map (db m11106) HM
42 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — French Artillery Park
This was an open field when the French wing established its ordnance depot. Here incoming cannon, howitzers, mortars, and their accouterments were made ready to move up to their siege line. Damaged pieces were brought back to the park for repairs.Map (db m168250) HM
43 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — French Cemetery
This simple cross is thought to mark the burial place of about 50 unidentified French soldiers killed during the Siege of Yorktown.Map (db m11144) HM
44 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — French Hospital
Across the field to your right, Hudson Allan's plantation building dominated the 1781 scene. Barns and sheds as well as mansions were useful to the French for field hospital purposes.Map (db m61590) HM
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45 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — French Soldiers and Sailors
In commemoration of the French Soldiers and Sailors who gave their lives for American freedom -------------------- This memorial is erected near the site of Redoubt 9 second parallel of the trenches of Yorktown captured 14th October 1781 . . . Map (db m10624) HM
46 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — French TrenchThe 1781 Siege of Yorktown — Colonial National Historical Park —
The extreme left of the American and French lines, commanded by the Marquis de Saint-Simon, was held by a French artillery battery. On October 9, it became the first battery of siege guns to fire on the British, aiming at the nearby Royal Welch . . . Map (db m10966) HM
47 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — French Trench
This earthwork was manned by the “Regiment Touraine” and formed the western portion of the French and American siege line surrounding Yorktown. From this line the French fired upon ships in the York River and the British fort behind you.Map (db m11060) HM
48 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Fusiliers Redoubt
Here, just west of Yorktown, the British built an earthwork to control the road to Williamsburg. This fortification was manned by the Royal Welch Fusiliers throughout the siege. The path leads to the reconstructed redoubt.Map (db m10967) HM
49 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — George P. Coleman Bridge
Completed in 1952, the George P. Coleman Bridge is 3,750 feet long. The structure replaced a ferry system that operated here for more than 200 years. The bridge was widened and reconstructed in 1995. Prefabricated in six sections, the entire . . . Map (db m64634) HM
50 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — George Washington and Francois De Grasse
Two of the most significant Revolutionary War leaders at Yorktown were General George Washington in command of the Allied ground forces, and Admiral Francois de Grasse in command of the French fleet controlling the nearby waters. Their . . . Map (db m100097) WM
51 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — NP-12 — Goodwin Neck
This area, locally known as Dandy, was part of the land granted to John Chew July 6, 1636, and was sold by his heirs to James Goodwin, a member of the House of Burgesses from Jamestown, August 27, 1668. The area was strategically important both to . . . Map (db m34011) HM
52 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Grace Church - circa 1697
"The pews and windows of the Church all broke & destroyed. The church was used as a magazine." York County Records, Claims for Loses of York County Citizens in the British Invasion, Claim No. 31, 1783. Grace Church, a religious . . . Map (db m79910) HM
53 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Grand American Battery1781 Siege of Yorktown — Colonial National Historical Park — Reported unreadable
“The Works which we carried are of vast importance to us. From them we shall enfilade the enemy’s whole line … ” General George Washington to the President of Congress, October 16, 1781. The capture of British Redoubts 9 and 10 enabled . . . Map (db m185564) HM
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54 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Grand French Battery
These three batteries and redoubt were a continuation of the Grand French Battery complex across the road. Occupying a section 1,000 feet from east to west, this battery complex contained approximately thirty pieces of artillery which bombarded the . . . Map (db m10934) HM
55 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Great Fire of 1814
Yorktown was heavily damaged during the Siege of 1781 and many residents abandoned their properties. Those who stayed demolished damaged buildings and repaired others. Everyday life reemerged, but on March 3, 1814, another disaster struck. The . . . Map (db m64606) HM
56 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Ground Your Firelocks!October 19, 1781 — Colonial National Historical Park —
Under the British Flag (Left of Marker): The garrison marched out between the two lines of American troops reluctantly enough, and laid down their arms. A corporal next to me shed tears, and embracing his flintlock, threw it down, saying, . . . Map (db m77670) HM
57 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Headquarters Site of Henry Knox
Knox’s able direction of the assembly and deployment of artillery in the Siege was a key element in the success of the Allied armies. He saw resulting victory, as he related in a note to his wife, as “A great moment for America.”Map (db m11119) HM
58 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Headquarters Site of the Quartermaster General
Supplying the American Army was always critical. At Yorktown Colonel Timothy Pickering of Massachusetts, seconded by a man of his own choice, Lieutenant Colonel Henry Dearborn of New Hampshire, held the responsibility for Washington’s Quartermaster . . . Map (db m11120) HM
59 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Heavy Artillery at Yorktown
Within a few years of Yorktown’s founding in 1691, a small gun battery was established along the shoreline. Later, Virginia’s Royal Governor Spotswood rebuilt and enlarged the fortification to include 11 cannon. By 1731, the town’s battery of . . . Map (db m64629) HM
60 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Home of Thomas Nelson
Foundations of the home of Thomas Nelson President of the Council and Secretary of State of the Colony of Virginia erected in 1725 --------------- First Headquarters of Lord Cornwallis it was destroyed during the Siege of Yorktown in 1781 --------- . . . Map (db m11102) HM
61 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — In Memory of the Men of the French Fleet
In memory of the men of the French fleet who died in the Naval Phase of the Yorktown Campaign in the battle off the Virginia capes on 5 September 1781. In appreciation of the service of Admiral Francois Joseph Paul de Grasse, who brought his . . . Map (db m167787) HM WM
62 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — In Solemn StepColonial National Historical Park
At about twelve o’clock, the combined army was arranged … in two lines extending more than a mile …. The French troops, in complete uniform, displayed a martial and noble appearance …. The Americans … exhibited an erect, soldierly air, every . . . Map (db m10638) HM
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63 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Indian Field Creek
The ground to the south along this creek was the home of the Chiskiack Indians, a small tribe whose leader was a "werowance," or petty chief, under Powhatan. As the English began to settle this area, about 1630, the Chiskiacks moved across the York . . . Map (db m25806) HM
64 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — John Smith Explores the ChesapeakeCaptain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail
Captain John Smith explored the Chesapeake Bay in the early 1600s seeking precious metals and a passage to Asia. He traveled the James, Chickahominy, and York rivers in 1607, and led two major expeditions from Jamestown in 1608. Smith and his crew . . . Map (db m64649) HM
65 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Join the AdventureCaptain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Explore the places Englishman John Smith traveled in the early 1600s. Learn about the thriving American Indian communities he encountered and imagine the bountiful Chesapeake he observed. Experience the natural and cultural richness that exists . . . Map (db m64647) HM
66 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — 32 — KiskiackCaptain John Smith’s Adventures on the Pamaunk Flu — —
The last major settlement to be abandoned by the Indians on the peninsula south of the York River, Kiskiack was a commercial center when the English arrived in 1607. Positioned just downstream from Powhatan’s headquarters and near the Rickahock . . . Map (db m66914) HM
67 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Kiskiak Indians
Algonquin-speaking people occupied eastern Virginia when the English landed at Jamestown in 1607. The Kiskiak, one of their chiefdoms allied under the principal chiefdom of Powhatan, was located near here on the banks of Indian Field Creek. John . . . Map (db m64627) HM
68 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Major General Benjamin Lincoln and His Division1781 Siege of Yorktown — Colonial National Historical Park —
“I am fully convinced that the Siege will not last more than twelve days more and that Cornwallis & his troops must in that time be ours.” Major General Benjamin Lincoln to his wife, October 12, 1781 On May 12, 1780, Major . . . Map (db m10979) HM
69 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Marquis de Lafayette and His Division1781 Siege of Yorktown — Colonial National Historical Park —
“Here we are at last … before Yorktown, and our operations will soon be noisy.” Marquis de Lafayette, Camp before Yorktown, September 30, 1781 In April 1781, with a developing British military campaign in Virginia, . . . Map (db m11064) HM
70 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — NP-13 — Mary Aggie and the Benefit of Clergy
Mary Aggie, an enslaved woman, was convicted of theft in York County in 1730. Lt. Gov. William Gooch, impressed with Mary’s profession of faith when she sued previously for her freedom, supported her 1730 claim for “benefit of clergy,” which then . . . Map (db m90953) HM
71 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Medical Shop (Reconstructed)Historic Yorktown — Colonial National Historical Park —
Dr. Corbin Griffin was a prominent Yorktown physician active in the American Revolutionary War, serving as a surgeon with Virginia forces. During the siege of Yorktown, he was imprisoned by the British on a ship anchored in the York River. During . . . Map (db m80985) HM
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72 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Monument to the Alliance and Victory
Yorktown Monument Commissioners , 1881 R. M. Hunt, Architect, Chairman Henry Van Brunt, Architect, J. Q. A. Ward, Sculptor --------------- Oskar J. W. Hansen, Sculptor of Liberty, 1957 Front of Monument: At York on October 19 1781, after a . . . Map (db m11192) WM
73 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Moore House1781 Siege of Yorktown
“I propose a cessation of hostilities for twenty four hours, and that two officers may be appointed by each side, to meet at Mr. Moore’s house, to settle terms for the surrender of the posts of York and Gloucester.” General . . . Map (db m10637) HM
74 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — N.S. Savannah
N.S. Savannah, a joint project of the U.S. Maritime Administration and the Atomic Energy Commission, was the first nuclear-powered merchant ship. She was built to carry up to 60 passengers and 9,250 tons of cargo. In 1962, after reactor tests . . . Map (db m64631) HM
75 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Nathaniel Bacon
Among the tombs in the burial ground of the Ringfield family is a marker to Colonel Nathaniel Bacon who was prominent in Virginia affairs in the last half of the seventeenth century. He was a kinsman but an opponent of Nathaniel Bacon, Jr.-"the . . . Map (db m25799) HM
76 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Naval Weapons Station
The piers extending into the York River, just to the right, serve a major Navy installation. Since its establishment in 1918, then as a Mine Depot, it has served our country in two World Wars and the Korean conflict as well as in peace time.Map (db m25810) WM
77 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Naval Weapons Station
Supply, amphibious, and combat ships pass Yorktown on their way to and from the Naval Weapons Station Yorktown. The military installation’s pier is located three miles upstream. When the 20-square-mile site was acquired by the Navy on August 7, . . . Map (db m64640) HM
78 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Nelson House, circa 1730Historic Yorktown — Colonial National Historical Park —
"General Nelson…was excelled by no man in the generosity of his nature, in the nobleness of his sentiments, in the purity of his Revolutionary principles, and in the exalted patriotism that answered every service and sacrifice that . . . Map (db m61589) HM
79 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — News of VictoryColonial National Historical Park
News of the Allies’ victory at Yorktown spread rapidly. On October 20, 1781, Washington sent his aide, Lieutenant Tench Tilghman, to Philadelphia to notify the Continental Congress. Tilghman departed Yorktown by boat, landing near Annapolis on the . . . Map (db m10841) HM
80 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Nick's Seafood Pavilion
After a vacation stopover in Yorktown, Nick and Mary Mathews decided to return in 1944 to open a restaurant. The original Nick’s had 35 seats. Later, Nick’s Seafood Pavilion, famous for it’s fine seafood menu and ornate decor, expanded to seat 440. . . . Map (db m64633) HM
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81 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Outer Works(Reconstructed)
This redoubt is one of several positions which the British built on the only “hard ground” approach to Yorktown. These positions formed a part of the outer line of their defenses.Map (db m61593) HM
82 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Pirates in Yorktown?
Pirates plundered ships along the Chesapeake Bay and Atlantic Ocean routes from the earliest days of New World settlement. William Berkeley, governor of the Virginia colony in 1660, wrote that the “Seas are soe full of Pyrates that it is almost . . . Map (db m64604) HM
83 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Powhatan's Village
Across the York River is the site of Werowocomoco, an Indian Village that was Powhatan's "chiefest habitation" in the early period of the Jamestown settlement. Captain John Smith was a prisoner there late in 1607.Map (db m25807) HM
84 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Ratification of the Treaty of Paris
We are now friends with England and all mankind. Benjamin Franklin, 1783 American Peace Commissioner This great peace monument is a symbol of the sacrifices in lives and property in the Revolutionary War, which ended at . . . Map (db m167785) WM
85 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Redoubt 101781 Siege of Yorktown — Colonial National Historical Park —
“The column marched in silence, with guns unloaded, and in good order: Many, no doubt, thinking that less than one quarter of a mile would finish the journey of life … ” Captain Stephen Olney, 1st Rhode Island Regiment The . . . Map (db m10838) HM
86 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Redoubt 91781 Siege of Yorktown — Colonial National Historical Park —
“ … once we were inside the redoubt. People of four nations were thrown together: Frenchmen, English, Scots, and Germans ….” Private Georg Flohr, Royal Deux-Ponts Regiment “ … a trait which characterized the French . . . Map (db m10837) HM
87 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Redoubts 9 and 101781 Siege of Yorktown — Colonial National Historical Park —
“The … batteries were principally directed against … the enemys advanced redoubts on their extreme … left to prepare them for the intended assault …” General George Washington’s Diary, October 14, 1781. The completion of the . . . Map (db m10817) HM
88 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Regiment Royal Deux-Ponts (Zweibrücken)1781 Siege of Yorktown — Colonial National Historical Park —
“With troops so good, so brave, and so disciplined as those that I have the honor to lead against the enemy, one can undertake anything, and be sure of succeeding … ” Colonel en Second Guillaume des Deux-Ponts. The . . . Map (db m11107) HM
89 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — 1 — Remembering Ancestors
The Middle Passage For more than 350 years, approximately 12 million Africans were transported across the Atlantic Ocean in the largest forced human migration in history. Two million, unknown and forgotten, died during the voyage. Of the ten . . . Map (db m145947) HM
90 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Ringfield Plantation
The land across this creek was first granted to Captain Robert Felgate in 1630. Sixty years later it was acquired by Joseph Ring, a prosperous planter and one of the trustees of the Town of York when it was founded in 1691. Ring's plantation house . . . Map (db m25801) HM
91 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Saintonge Regiment
During the siege the Marquis de Custine was encamped here with his troops. After Yorktown the Marquis served in the French Assembly and commanded armies in France. He was guillotined during the terrible days of the French revolution.Map (db m90960) HM
92 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Seat of the County of York
York County, initially named Charles Shire, was created in 1634 when Virginia was divided into eight geographical areas. At first the undefined county boundaries extended far into the northern and western frontiers. The Town of York has served as . . . Map (db m64613) HM
93 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Second Allied Siege LineColonial National Historical Park
At the present distance of our batteries … they might fire till Christmas without materially lessening the enemy’s force …. I am impatient to get nearer to the enemy, that our work may be more speedily accomplished, and our ammunition not thrown . . . Map (db m185394) HM
94 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Sessions-Pope-Sheild Property
Sessions-Pope-Sheild Property 600 Main Street has been placed on the Virginia Historic Landmark Register and the National Register of Historic Places Original site occupied c. 1692 Present Dwelling c.1760 . . . Map (db m167791) HM
95 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Shiloh Baptist ChurchCivil War Yorktown
Shiloh Baptist Church was started in 1863 by former slave and lay minister, John Carey; and Reverend Jeremiah Asher from Shiloh Baptist Church in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The church sewed the residents of Slabtown, a community established by the . . . Map (db m90962) HM
96 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Shiloh Baptist ChurchCivil War Yorktown
Shiloh Baptist Church was started in 1863 by former slave and lay minister, John Carey; and Reverend Jeremiah Asher from Shiloh Baptist Church in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The church sewed the residents of Slabtown, a community established by the . . . Map (db m162586) HM
97 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Site of the Home of Nicolas Martiau
The adventurous Huguenot who was born in France 1591 Came to Virginia 1620 and died at Yorktown 1657 He was a captain in the Indian uprising A member of the House of Burgesses Justice of the County of York In 1635 a leader in the . . . Map (db m83877) HM
98 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — SlabtownCivil War Yorktown
There is a large settlement near Yorktown, called Slabtown, settled by the government during the war with those who came within the lines. The colored people there are doing such work as they can get to do, oystering, & c. Testimony of . . . Map (db m162585) HM
99 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Soissonois Regiment
These 900 men were quartered here during the Siege. Professional soldiers, many fought again for France on other fields as did the regimental commander Marquis de Saint Maime. He became a Lieutenant-General in 1792 and fought under Napoleon.Map (db m90961) HM
100 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — Somerwell HouseHistoric Yorktown — Colonial National Historical Park —
“On the Peticon of Mungo Somervell to this court for his keeping the ferry in York Town of Same is accordingly granted…” York County Court, September 24,1702
Prior to the American Revolution, the . . . Map (db m61605) HM

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Sep. 29, 2023