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Yorktown in York County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Grand American Battery

1781 Siege of Yorktown

 

—Colonial National Historical Park —

 
Grand American Battery Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
1. Grand American Battery Marker
Inscription.
“The Works which we carried are of vast importance to us. From them we shall enfilade the enemy’s whole line … ”
General George Washington to the President of Congress, October 16, 1781.


The capture of British Redoubts 9 and 10 enabled the Americans to quickly finish the Allied Second Siege Line, constructing the Grand American Battery within point blank artillery range of the British Inner Defensive Line. On October 17, Continental artillery crews began bombarding the British from their new battery. According to Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Dearborn of the 1st New Hampshire Regiment, the allied barrage that day “made the Enemies situation so very disagreeable. – that about the middle of the day his Lordship was induced to send out a flag, with some proposels for a Capitulation.”

The following day officers from both sides met at the home of Augustine Moore to negotiate the British surrender terms.

Grand American Battery Artillery:
7 – 18 pounder siege guns
3 – 24 pounder siege guns
8 – mortars
4 – howitzers
 
Erected by Colonial National Historical Park, National Park Service.
 
Location. 37° 13.681′ N, 76° 
Marker on the Yorktown Battlefield image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
2. Marker on the Yorktown Battlefield
29.888′ W. Marker is in Yorktown, Virginia, in York County. Marker can be reached from Ballard Street (Virginia Route 238), on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is located on the Yorktown Battlefield in Colonial National Historical Park, at stop D on the Battlefield Tour. Marker is in this post office area: Yorktown VA 23690, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Redoubt 9 (within shouting distance of this marker); French Soldiers and Sailors (within shouting distance of this marker); The Second Siege Line (within shouting distance of this marker); Redoubts 9 and 10 (within shouting distance of this marker); Capture of Redoubt No. 10 (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Redoubt 10 (about 500 feet away); Communicating Trench (about 500 feet away); Time, Tide and Erosion (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Yorktown.
 
More about this marker. The left side of the marker contains a map showing the location of fortification at Yorktown. Shown are the First Parallel, Second Parallel (where the marker is located) and the British Inner Defense Lines.
The right side of the marker features a Continental Army artillery officer. It has a caption of “Second Continental Artillery Regiment – Formed in 1777, this regiment, commanded
Grand American Battery Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
3. Grand American Battery Marker
by Colonel John Lamb, comprised 75% of the American artillery troops at Yorktown. Courtesy of the Anne S. K. Brown Military Collection, Brown University Library.”
 
Also see . . .
1. Yorktown Battlefield. National Park Service. (Submitted on August 23, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

2. The Battle of Yorktown. The Patriot Resource website. (Submitted on August 23, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

3. The Battle of Yorktown 1781. A British perspective of the Battle of Yorktown from BritishBattles.com. (Submitted on August 23, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. Notable EventsNotable PlacesWar, US Revolutionary
 
Grand American Battery image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
4. Grand American Battery
This photo shows the different types of artillery used in the Grand American Battery. They include 18 and 24 pounder seige guns (to the left in the photo), a howitzer, and mortars (rightmost of the guns).
Grand American Battery image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
5. Grand American Battery
Howitzers and mortars, like these found near the marker, were part of the Grand American Battery and took part in the British bombardment. A howitzer is on the extreme left, while the rest are mortars.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 23, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 863 times since then and 32 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on August 23, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.
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