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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Helena in Phillips County, Arkansas — The American South (West South Central)
 

A Terrific Fire From Graveyard Hill

 
 
A Terrific Fire From Graveyard Hill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, August 26, 2017
1. A Terrific Fire From Graveyard Hill Marker
Inscription. You are facing Battery D. One half-mile southeast of here, it was the closest of the fortifications on Crowley's Ridge to Battery C. During the Battle of Helena, Union troops at these batteries aided each other with artillery fire.

Battery C Comes to the Aid of Battery D
The Confederate attack on Battery D began long before the attack on Battery C. As a result, Battery C's artillery was free to assist the outnumbered Union troops on Battery D.

Confederate Colonel James P. King described the brutal fire his men endured as they struggled toward Battery D: "Here we were met with a terrific fire not only from the inner lines of the works and an enfilading fire from our left, but from the fort on the hill in front of us near Hindman's house ... and also from the battery on what is known as Graveyard Hill."

Battery D Returns the Favor
By the time the Confederates attacked Battery C, the attack on Battery D was over. The exhausted Confederates could do no more. The Union gunners seized the opportunity provided by the lull in the fighting. They turned Battery D's guns on the Confederates charging Battery C. They showered shell and shot on the attackers but Battery C fell.

The Confederate commander on Battery C ordered the infantry
View of marker toward Battery D. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, August 26, 2017
2. View of marker toward Battery D.
to aid the Confederates stalled at Battery D. They began to climb through a hollow toward Battery D. Suddenly, they were "raked by artillery situated opposite its mouth, and completely enfiladed with rifle-pits in point blank range." Their commander decided that it was madness to continue. His men held their position until they received the order to retreat.

[Photo captions]
1st Sergeant Albert G. Kessler Captain Henry H. Knowlton
Kessler and Knowlton served with Company K, 33rd Missouri Infantry (U.S.). Company K acted as sharpshooters, aiding the gunners in defending Battery D when the Confederates attacked Helena.

 
Location. 34° 31.535′ N, 90° 35.816′ W. Marker is in Helena, Arkansas, in Phillips County. Marker can be reached from Yorkshire Drive 0.1 miles east of Audubon Drive when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1100 Yorkshire Drive, Helena AR 72342, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Battle of Helena (a few steps from this marker); The Confederates Take Battery C (a few steps from this marker); "We are well fortified" (within shouting distance of this marker); A Short Lived Confederate Victory
View down Graveyard Hill towards Battery D. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, August 26, 2017
3. View down Graveyard Hill towards Battery D.
(within shouting distance of this marker); Battery C Revealed (within shouting distance of this marker); A Cemetery Becomes a Battleground (within shouting distance of this marker); The 33rd Missouri Spikes the Guns (within shouting distance of this marker); The Avenging Fire of the Gunboat (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Helena.
 
Also see . . .
1. Wikipedia article on Battery C & D. (Submitted on September 4, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
2. The Arkansas Toothpick article on Battery C excavation. (Submitted on September 4, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesNotable EventsWar, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 7, 2017. This page originally submitted on September 4, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 77 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on September 4, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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