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Miamiville in Clermont County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Miamiville

Fighting at the Bridges

 

—John Hunt Morgan Heritage Trail —

 
Miamiville Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, September 9, 2017
1. Miamiville Marker
Inscription. Early on July 14, 1863, Confederate Colonel Basil Duke's brigade was the first of Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan's cavalry to splash across the Little Miami River at Porter's Mill. Duke's initial objective was to capture the Madisonville-Obanion-and-Camargo Turnpike bridge spanning the Little Miami River three-quarters of a mile west of Miamiville. Around 7:30 am, Morgan's scouts interrupted and dispersed eight card-playing bridge guards of Union Captain Jacob Shuman's Company H, 11th Ohio Cavalry. The raiders captured one Union cavalryman and eight horses.

Duke's troopers galloped into Miamiville intent on destroying their next target, the Little Miami Railroad bridge. Pickets from Shuman's company at the bridge's south end fought bravely but were overrun when Duke attacked with men from four Kentucky cavalry regiments.

Union Lieutenant Colonel George W. Neff sent Lieutenant William H. H. Smith and 200 militiamen of the "Miami Volunteers" from Camp Dennison to the rescue. They loaded their muskets on the run, having arrived by train only minutes before. The militia charged into the surprised raiders as they prepared to burn the bridge. Duke's cavalrymen fled to the north bank of the river and took cover behind trees and fences. Smith's infantry formed a skirmish line along the south bank.

Though inexperienced and ill-equipped, the militiamen stubbornly held their line against Duke's veterans, and the skirmish settled into a sporadic, long-range firefight. Confederate Lieutenant Elias D. Lawrence's two-gun battery shelled the Union line and Camp Dennison's barracks,
Miamiville Marker (on right) image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, September 9, 2017
2. Miamiville Marker (on right)
with no effect.

As Union Captain Joseph Proctor attacked Duke's rear, Neff arrived and led a squad of convalescent soldiers in a bayonet charge across the bridge. After a brief struggle, the raiders retreated, having lost seventeen men: six killed, four wounded, and seven captured. Neff's casualties totaled one killed, several wounded, four captured, and one missing. The bridges were saved.

Camp Shady
Camp Shady, a Union supply depot, stood at the northeast corner of present-day Branch Hill-Guinea Road and SR 28. Morgan's Confederate raiders discovered the deserted depot around 11 am on July 14. Much to their delight, they also found 50 U.S. Army covered wagons that had been left behind, as well as a drove of horses and mules.

While his men picked over the fresh mounts General Morgan ordered the wagons searched for needed items and then burned. The raiders continued their march southeast toward Batavia and Williamsburg.

[Photo captions]
Top left: Little Miami Railroad Bridge Skirmish:
(1) 8-9 AM Duke's Confederate raiders capture the railroad bridge and a detachment of Company H, 11th Ohio Cavalry, but are pushed back across the river by the attack of Smith's Union militia, the "Miami Volunteers";
(2) 9-10:45 am Smith's militia skirmishes with pickets from the 2nd, 5th, 6th and 14th Kentucky Cavalry;
(3) 10:30 am Proctor's Union convalescent soldiers and militia attack the Confederate rear;
(4) 10:30-10:45 am Neff's convalescent squad breaks through the Confederate line;
(5) 10:45-11 am Raiders make a stand;
(6) 11 am Raiders retreat to Ward's
Marker is to the left of trail, where double yellow lines end. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, September 9, 2017
3. Marker is to the left of trail, where double yellow lines end.
This trail is part of the Little Miami State Park and is called the Little Miami Scenic Trail. It is the third longest paved trail in the United States, running 78.1 miles though five southwestern counties in the state.
Corner.
Middle left: At the Little Miami Railroad Bridge skirmish, the "Miami Volunteers" Union militia (bottom left) sought cover behind the fence rails of Fletcher Road during their fight with Morgan's dismounted Confederate cavalry (right). The charge of the Union convalescent soldiers (left) decided the skirmish's outcome.
Bottom left: Six days after the skirmish, the thirty-year-old Cincinnatian Lieutenant Colonel George W. Neff was promoted to colonel for his successful defense of Camp Dennison.
Top right: Morgan's raiders burned 50 government wagons at Camp Shady and captured the horses and mules that Union Lieutenant Colonel George Neff was forced to abandon due to a shortage of teamsters.

Text: David L. Mowery
Illustrations and Map: Bev Kirk

 
Erected 2013 by the Ohio Department of Transportation, the Ohio History Connection, and the Ohio Civil War Trail Commission. (Marker Number 10.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the John Hunt Morgan Heritage Trail in Ohio marker series.
 
Location. 39° 12.776′ N, 84° 17.765′ W. Marker is in Miamiville, Ohio, in Clermont County. Marker is on Glendale Milford Road (Ohio Route 126) east of Wards Corner Road, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Located just off the road on the Little Miami Scenic Trail. Marker is in this post office area: Miamiville OH 45147, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Miamiville (here, next to this marker); Dead Man’s Hand (approx. ¾ mile away); Charlie Henry Rich (approx. ¾ mile away); Little Miami Railroad (approx. 1.2 miles away); Camp Dennison (approx. 1.6 miles away); a different marker also named Camp Dennison (approx. 1.6 miles away); First Methodist Church (approx. 2½ miles away); Promont (approx. 2.6 miles away).
 
Categories. Bridges & ViaductsWar, US CivilWaterways & Vessels
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 13, 2017. This page originally submitted on September 12, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 79 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on September 12, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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