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Crystal City in Zavala County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Zavala County

 
 
Zavala County Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, May 31, 2014
1. Zavala County Marker
Inscription.
Explored as early as 1691 by the expedition of Domingo Teran de Los Rios, Spanish governor of Texas. The historic San Antonio Road crossed this region from southwest to northeast and was used by most of the Spanish explorers and travelers of the 18th century. French-American explorer St. Denis used it in 1714, as did the Canary Islanders, who made one of the first civil settlements in San Antonio, in 1718.

The county was created in 1858 from Uvalde and Maverick counties and named for Texas patriot and statesman Lorenzo de Zavala. Not until 1884, however, did enough people reside here to permit it to be organized. The first county seat was Bates City, later renamed Batesville. First judge was J. M. Downs and commissioners were W.C. Mangum, E.P. Waller, V.M. West and G.B. Kenney. Before 1884 was out, a school election had been held in Palo Blanco, and a $7,500 contract had been let for a courthouse and jail.

When the county seat moved to Crystal City (1928) courthouse and jail were built here. New courthouse erected 1969 at cost of $475,000 was commissioned by 1968-1969 county courts: Irl Taylor, Judge; Cecil Davis, Jr.; F.D. Keller, Jr.; H.R. Reynolds; E.B. Ross; Jesus Rodriguez; and Henry Volz, Jr., commissioners.
 
Erected 1969 by State Historical Survey Committee
Zavala County Marker (<i>wide view; courthouse in background; 1928 cornerstone in foreground</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, May 31, 2014
2. Zavala County Marker (wide view; courthouse in background; 1928 cornerstone in foreground)
. (Marker Number 5944.)
 
Location. 28° 40.787′ N, 99° 49.627′ W. Marker is in Crystal City, Texas, in Zavala County. Marker is on East Uvalde Street east of North 1st Avenue, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is located in front of the Zavala County Courthouse. Marker is at or near this postal address: 200 East Uvalde Street, Crystal City TX 78839, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 7 other markers are within 11 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Crystal City Family Internment Camp, World War II (approx. 0.8 miles away); World War II Concentration Camp (approx. 0.8 miles away); World War II Enemy Alien Internment (approx. 0.8 miles away); Confinement Site - History of Crystal City Family Internment Camp (approx. 0.8 miles away); Living and Working in an Internment Camp (approx. 0.9 miles away); Burleson Cemetery (approx. 8.9 miles away); Dimmit County Courthouse (approx. 11.1 miles away).
 
Also see . . .
1. Zavala County.
Zavala County is in an area of Texas that was disputed territory after the Texas Revolution. The Mexican government and the Republic of Texas both laid claim to the land. In an attempt to reinforce the choice of the Rio Grande as the Texas boundary with Mexico, the state legislature in 1846 established a county between the Nueces River and the Rio Grande and called
Zavala County Courthouse (<i>behind marker</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, May 31, 2014
3. Zavala County Courthouse (behind marker)
it Zavala County, named for Lorenzo de Zavala, a Mexican colonist and one of the signers of the Texas Declaration of Independence. (Submitted on December 12, 2017, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. Zavala County History.
In 1858, when the county was organized, the name was misspelled "Zavalla" by the legislature. A bill entitled "knocking the `L' out of Zavalla" was introduced and passed in the Texas legislature in 1906, but was rejected by the federal government. Not until 1929 was the mistake corrected. (Submitted on December 12, 2017, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

3. History of Zavala County.
In about 1869 Elijah Bates brought his family to the area. He built a dam on the Leona River forming Bates Ditch as a means of irrigating his 500-acre tract. Recognizing the need for neighbors, he sold 2-acre plots along the Ditch, laid out the town of Batesville, and built a school. Among other early settlers, the Vivian family arrived about 1867 in Cometa area; around 1871 King Fisher moved in. Mont Woodward arrived in 1868. In 1878 the Adams family and the A. D. Everett family settled in Loma Vista. The Gates family and William Cassin arrived in the 1880's. In 1882 the Holdsworth family moved from England into the Loma Vista area, where Thomas K. Holdsworth taught school. The Loma Vista post office was established in 1884. The first wire fences were built in the 1880's.
Zavala County 1928 Courthouse Cornerstone (<i>in front of marker</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, May 31, 2014
4. Zavala County 1928 Courthouse Cornerstone (in front of marker)
Zavala County was organized 25 February 1884. (Submitted on December 12, 2017, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Categories. ExplorationHispanic AmericansMan-Made FeaturesSettlements & Settlers
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 13, 2017. This page originally submitted on December 12, 2017, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 78 times since then and 36 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on December 12, 2017, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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