Bayou Courtableau at Bayou Teche Headwaters
Port Barre Park
—Atchafalaya Water Heritage Trail —
Steamboat travel was frequently affected by low water, immovable rafts of debris, underwater snags and shifting sandbars, including one at the junction of Bayou Courtableau and the Atchafalaya River called Le Petit Diable ("The Little Devil").
Before significant settlement in this region, Bayou Courtableau was considered a major highway through the area. Around 1760, Jacques Courtableau built a trading post at the junction of Bayou Courtableau and its distributary channel, Bayou Teche. The intersection later became known as Barre’s Landing, after Alexander Charles Barré, who eventually purchased the land. Today it is the town of Port Barre.
In the trading post’s early days, flatboat and keel-boats brought goods south to New Orleans. Flatboats had flat bottoms, square sides and could navigate shallow waters. These boats could only travel downstream, however, and were usually taken apart and sold for lumber upon reaching New Orleans. Keel-boats, on the other hand, were long, slender, propelled by oars and setting poles, and could be maneuvered both downstream and upstream.
The arrival of small draft steamboats in 1832 established a more reliable connection to the Gulf of Mexico. The main steamboat route from New Orleans followed the Mississippi River up through Bayou Plaquemine to the Atchafalaya River
Port Barre became a timber town during the cypress logging era around 1908. The local mill encouraged significant growth in the settlement due to the number of employees it needed to operate. Growth continued once oil was discovered here in the late 1920s.
Before the construction of levees along the Atchafalaya Basin Floodway, Port Barre suffered from severe flooding events. When the nearby Bayou Des Glaises levee broke during the Mississippi River Flood of 1927—which affected much of south Louisiana—Port Barre was inundated with eight to 10 feet of water. Refugee camps in Opelousas and Grand Coteau hosted the thousands of flood victims seeking food and shelter. Even after the waters receded, residents returned to find roads impassable, crops destroyed and homes uninhabitable.
LA Hwy. 190 was built through the area in the late 1920s, and several nearby bridges were constructed in the 1930s, making this area more easily accessible.
Visit Atchafalaya.org for more information about this site.
This site’s geology/geomorphology: Holocene natural levee deposits along distributaries of Red River adjacent to Holocene point bar deposits of Bayou Portage occupation of Mississippi River.
Erected by State of Louisiana and National Park Service.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Atchafalaya Water Heritage Trail marker series.
Location. 30° 33.496′ N, 91° 57.287′ W. Marker is in Port Barre, Louisiana, in Saint Landry Parish. Marker is on Bayou Road (State Highway 741) near Third Street, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 227 Bayou Drive, Port Barre LA 70577, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Port Barre (approx. 1.1 miles away); Bayou Courtableau (approx. 7.1 miles away); Le Vieux Village (approx. 7.3 miles away); Rosa B. Scott (Anderson) (approx. 7.3 miles away); J.S. Clark High School (approx. 7.3 miles away); Doctor's Office (approx. 7.3 miles away); Opelousas Catholic School (approx. 7.3 miles away); Venus House (approx. 7.3 miles away).
Categories. • Environment • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on February 23, 2018. This page originally submitted on February 23, 2018, by Cajun Scrambler of Assumption, Louisiana. This page has been viewed 39 times since then. Photos: 1. submitted on February 23, 2018, by Cajun Scrambler of Assumption, Louisiana. 2. submitted on February 23, 2018.