Near Columbia in Houston County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
The Chacato People
—Creek Heritage Trail —
The good will proved to be short-lived, however. The Chacato resented constant Spanish meddling in their cultural affairs, and growing tensions erupted into open conflict after an altercation between a Spanish friar and a leading chieftain known as Dioscale. The friar is believed to have scolded Dioscale for having more than one wife, even though polygamy was a custom among his people. To Dioscale, choosing only one wife would have resulted in a considerable loss of prestige, and in anger he is believed to have
Although the Spanish later established another mission to the Chacato, the difficulties with the Spanish and periodic raids by native groups allied with England forced many to leave the area. By the early 1700s most of the Chacato were living to the west in the Pensacola and Mobile Bay areas, and some as far away as Louisiana. The area to which they long laid claim was occupied by groups loosely associated with the Seminoles and Creeks for more than another century, however. A Creek village known as Yamassee was located near the Omussee Mound around 1750. It is believed that Omussee Creek received its name from a corruption of the name of this settlement.
The Spanish Mission System
Between the late 1500s and early 1700s, Spanish colonial authorities established a series of missions in what are now northern Florida and southern Georgia. The purpose of these outposts was to convert Native Americans to Christianity and simultaneously increase Spanish influence in the region. Most were led by Franciscan friars, members
Left middle map: This map gives the approximate locations of native settlements, Spanish missions, and Chacato territory ca. 1675. The name of the Choctawhatchee River, which flows through a large portion of southeastern Alabama, is believed to have been derived from a corruption of the words "Chacato" and "hatchee," a word for river. From The Native American World Beyond Apalachee: West Florida and the Chattahoochee Valley, by John H. Hann Courtesy of the University Press of Florida
Right middle map: This map of North America, drawn in 1747 by Emanuel Bowen, shows the approximate locations of several native groups in the lower Chattahoochee Valley River region. Courtesy of the David Rumsey Map Collection
Right bottom map: Approximate locations of Spanish missions jn the southeast Courtesy of Dr. John Worth, University of West Florida
Bottom right: Buildings at Spanish missions in this area were usually built with wooden posts and walled with wattle and daub or
Erected 2015 by the Historic Chattahoochee Commission, the John P. and Dorothy S. Illges Foundation, Inc., the University of Alabama Center for Economic Development.
Location. 31° 16.589′ N, 85° 7.001′ W. Marker is near Columbia, Alabama, in Houston County. Marker is on Omussee Creek Road half a mile north of Picnic Road, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Located near the Omussee Creek Park boat ramp. Marker is at or near this postal address: Omussee Creek Road, Columbia AL 36319, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Omussee Creek Mound and the Ancestors of the Creeks (here, next to this marker); Omussee Creek Mound and Mississippian Period Societies (here, next to this marker); Old Columbia Jail / Columbia (approx. 1.1 miles away); Columbia, Alabama (approx. 1.2 miles away); Columbia Methodist Episcopal Church, South (approx. 1.2 miles away); Columbia Cemetery (approx. 1.2 miles away); Columbia Baptist Church (approx. 1.3 miles away); Purcell - Killingsworth House (approx. 1½ miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Columbia.
Categories. • Churches & Religion • Native Americans • Science & Medicine •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 19, 2018. This page originally submitted on March 15, 2018, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 70 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on March 15, 2018, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.