“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Memphis in Shelby County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)

Natchez, Mississippi

Panel # 26

Natchez, Mississippi Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, May 18, 2010
1. Natchez, Mississippi Marker
Inscription. French settlers arrived in the early 1700’s establishing Fort Rosalie and a small plantation. The Natchez attacked in 1729, killing most of the settlers and French retaliation virtually destroyed the tribe. The British arrived in 1763, but Spain took advance of Britain’s preoccupation with the Revolutionary War and seized the town in 1779.

Natchez prospered under the Spanish. They made generous land grants, laid out the town, built lavishly, and established a tradition of gracious living. The United States took possession of Natchez in 1798 and made it the first capital of the Mississippi Territory.

Settlers soon flooded into the Mississippi Valley, and Natchez became an important port for river and overland traffic. The Natchez Trace, a 550-mile route to Nashville, TN, carried settlers south and flatboatmen utilized it to return north after selling their goods. Fertile soil and a mild climate gave rise to large cotton plantations in the Natchez area. During the steamboat era, the city became one of the greatest cotton ports in the world. Planters made large fortunes and spent them in gracious living. The impressive homes of the Natchez bluff became the focus of antebellum cultural and intellectual life. But on the waterfront, Natchez-Under-the-Hill was known as one of the roughest districts on the Mississippi
Natchez, Mississippi Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, May 18, 2010
2. Natchez, Mississippi Marker

Undefended during the U. S. Civil War, Natchez, surrendered to the Union in 1863. The town suffered almost no physical damage during the war but its economy was slow to recover. The city became a regional industrial center in the 20th Century, as nearby timber, petroleum, and gas resources attracted a number of major companies. The town’s beautifully preserved old homes are open for the annual Natchez Pilgrimage. Photo Credit: The Natchez Bridge, Mississippi Development Authority/Division of Tourist (Marker Number 26.)
Location. 35° 8.968′ N, 90° 3.507′ W. Marker is in Memphis, Tennessee, in Shelby County. Marker is on Island Drive. Touch for map. Mud Island Mississippi Riverwalk. Marker is at or near this postal address: 125 N Front St, Memphis TN 38103, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Mississippi Riverwalk (here, next to this marker); Ohio River (here, next to this marker); Cairo, Illinois (here, next to this marker); Islands No. 2, 3, and 4/Fort Jefferson, Kentucky/Bird’s Point, Missouri (here, next to this marker); Island No. 5 (Wolf Island)/Belmont, Missouri/Columbus, Kentucky (here, next to this marker); Donaldson Point, Missouri/Island No. 8/Hickman, Kentucky/Dorena Crevasse (here, next to this marker); New Madrid, Missouri/Cates Casting Field/Island No. 10 (here, next to this marker); Tiptonville, Tennessee/Bixby Towhead (here, next to this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Memphis.
Also see . . .  Natchez, Mississippi. Natchez /ˈnætʃɪz/ is the county seat and only city[2] of Adams County, Mississippi, United States. Natchez has a total population of 15,792 (as of the 2010 census).[3] Located on the Mississippi River across from Vidalia in Concordia Parish, Louisiana, Natchez was a prominent city in the antebellum years, a center of cotton planters and Mississippi River trade. Natchez is some 90 miles (140 km) southwest of Jackson, the capital of Mississippi, which is located near the center of the state. It is approximately 85 miles (137 km) north of Baton Rouge, Louisiana, located on the lower Mississippi River. Natchez is the 25th-largest city in the state.[4] The city was named for the Natchez tribe of Native Americans, who with their ancestors, inhabited much of the area from the 8th century AD through the French colonial period. (Submitted on March 18, 2018, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa.) 
Categories. Settlements & SettlersWar, US CivilWaterways & Vessels
Credits. This page was last revised on April 14, 2018. This page originally submitted on March 18, 2018, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. This page has been viewed 54 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on March 18, 2018, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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