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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Plymouth in Devon County, England, United Kingdom
 

The Laboratory on the Hoe

 
 
The Laboratory on the Hoe Marker image. Click for full size.
By Michael Herrick, August 4, 2018
1. The Laboratory on the Hoe Marker
Inscription.
The Marine Biological Association (MBA)
The MBA is a research charity with a worldwide membership. Founded in 1884, the MBA has established itself as a leading marine biological research organisation, contributing to the work of twelve Nobel Prize winners and over 170 Fellows of the Royal Society. In 2013, the Association was awarded a Royal Charter in recognition of its long and eminent history and status within the field of marine biology.

The Establishment of the MBA
In the 19th century, a group of naturalists recognised the need for there to be an extensive study of the sea and its marine life. Over-fishing of natural fisheries was a large concern and topic of debate. E. Ray Lankester was passionate that a society be established and a laboratory constructed close to the coast to conduct this essential research. On 31 March 1884 the MBA was founded during a meeting held at the Royal Society in London. T. H. Huxley became the Association's first president.

Building the Laboratory
Locations in Weymouth and Bangor were identified as potential sites for a laboratory but it was Citadel Hill that was chosen thanks to its closeness to the sea, and the enthusiasm of Plymouth Town Council and a number of local benefactors. Construction began in February 1887 and the opening ceremony
The Laboratory on the Hoe Marker image. Click for full size.
By Michael Herrick, August 4, 2018
2. The Laboratory on the Hoe Marker
( this marker is at the right )
was held on 30 June 1888. The original purpose-built building is made of Devonian limestone, rich in ancient marine fossils. The exterior remains largely unaltered, but now forms the south wing of a much larger Laboratory. Citadel Hill is one of the oldest functioning marine laboratories in the world.

( photo captions )
The blue plaque on the front of the building commemorates the achievements of Sir Alan Hodgkin and Sir Andrew Huxley who received a Nobel Prize for discovering, in this laboratory, how nerve cells transmit signals.
The opening of the Laboratory, 30 June 1888. Those attending included: E. Ray Lankester (front row, fourth from left); the contractor who built the Laboratory, J. P. Berry (back row, fifth from left); the Mayor of Plymouth, Henry John Waring (back row, second from left), and the Mayor of Devonport (back row, third from left). MBA Archives.
Building the laboratory, rear view, c.1887, MBA Archives.

“Promoting marine scientific excellence and representing the marine biological community since 1884.” www.mba.ac.uk
 
Location. 50° 21.876′ N, 4° 8.422′ W. Marker is in Plymouth, England, in Devon County. Marker is at the intersection of Madeira Road and Hoe Road, on the right when traveling west on Madeira Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Plymouth, England PL1 2JU, United Kingdom.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named The Laboratory on the Hoe (a few steps from this marker); Royal Marines Memorial (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named The Laboratory on the Hoe (within shouting distance of this marker); Plymouth Royal Citadel (within shouting distance of this marker); Plymouth RAF Monument (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Smeaton Lighthouse (about 120 meters away); National Armada Memorial (about 120 meters away); Plymouth Naval Memorial (about 180 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Plymouth.
 
Also see . . .
1. Marine Biological Association. (Submitted on September 26, 2018, by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut.)
2. Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom on Wikipedia. (Submitted on September 26, 2018, by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut.)
 
Categories. EnvironmentScience & Medicine
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 26, 2018. This page originally submitted on September 26, 2018, by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut. This page has been viewed 26 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 26, 2018, by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut.
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