Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Calais in Washington County, Maine — The American Northeast (New England)
 

Settling on Saint Croix Island / Colonisation de l'île Sainte-Croix

 
 
Settling on Saint Croix Island / Colonisation de l'île Sainte-Croix Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., August 18, 2018
1. Settling on Saint Croix Island / Colonisation de l'île Sainte-Croix Marker
Inscription.  

"...His Majesty commanded the Sieur de Mons to prepare a fresh expedition..."
Samuel Champlain Journal, 1604 (translation)

The newcomers who landed on the island offshore came from France. Their leader was Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons, who—in return for control of the region's fur trade—pledged to found a permanent colony. Knowing other settlement attempts had failed, this expedition was well equipped with supplies and workers.

Some boys as young as 10 or 12 came here from France along with soldiers, priests, artisans, and gentlemen. What would make them leave their homes for an unknown land?

[Illustration caption reads]
Why did Pierre Dugua choose to settle on an island? The main reason was defense. Concerned for safety, the French immediately built a palisade and installed cannons.

—————————————

«...sa Maisesté commanda au sieur de Mons de faire nouuel équipage...»
Samuel Champlain, Journal, 1604

Originaires

Settling on Saint Croix Island / Colonisation de l'île Sainte-Croix Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., August 18, 2018
2. Settling on Saint Croix Island / Colonisation de l'île Sainte-Croix Marker
de France, les nouveaux arrivants qui débarquent dans l'île sont dirigés par Pierre Dugua, sieur de Mons, qui s'est engagé à y fonder une colonie permanente. En retour, il peut contrôler le commerce de la fourrure dans la région. Sachant que d'autres tentatives de colonisation ont échoué, cette expédition est bien ravitaillée et compte de nombreux travailleurs.

Quelques garçons, âgés d'à peine 10 ou 12 ans, ont quitté la France pour s'établir ici avec des soldats, des prêtres, des artisans et des gentilshommes. Qu'est-ce qui a bien pu les pousser à quitter leur pays pour une terre inconnue?

[La légende de l'illustration se lit]
Pourquoi Pierre Dugua a-t-il choisi d'établir la colonie dans une île? Surtout pour assurer sa défense. Craignant pour leur sécurité, les Français ont immédiatement construit une palissade et installé des canons.
 
Erected by National Park Service.
 
Location. 45° 7.444′ N, 67° 8.8′ W. Marker is near Calais, Maine, in Washington County. Marker is on the grounds of Saint Croix Island International Historic Site, along the interpretive trail. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 84 Saint Croix Drive, Calais ME 04619, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Strangers Offshore / Étrangers du grand large (a few steps from this marker);

Statue Complimenting Settling on Saint Croix Island / Colonisation de l'île Sainte-Croix Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., August 18, 2018
3. Statue Complimenting Settling on Saint Croix Island / Colonisation de l'île Sainte-Croix Marker
Building A Community / Tout à bâtir (a few steps from this marker); Welcome to Saint Croix Island International Historic Site / An Enduring Legacy (a few steps from this marker); Exploring the Coast / Exploration de la côte (within shouting distance of this marker); Saint Croix Island (within shouting distance of this marker); Trapped For The Winter / Prisonniers de l'hiver (within shouting distance of this marker); Lessons Learned / Leçons durement apprises (within shouting distance of this marker); Imagining the Settlement / La colonie telle qu'on l'imagine (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Calais.
 
Also see . . .
1. Saint Croix Island International Historic Site. (Submitted on October 19, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Saint Croix Island International Historic Site Audio Files for Interpretive Trail. (Submitted on October 20, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. Colonial EraExplorationSettlements & SettlersWaterways & Vessels
 

More. Search the internet for Settling on Saint Croix Island / Colonisation de l'île Sainte-Croix.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 21, 2018. This page originally submitted on October 19, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 65 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on October 19, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.
Paid Advertisement