Circleville in Pickaway County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Prehistoric Circular Earthworks / The Squaring of Circleville
Prehistoric Circular Earthworks
Established as the county seat of Pickaway County in 1810, Circleville derives its name from the circular portion of a large Hopewell-era earthwork upon which it was built. The Circleville earthworks, described in 1772 by Rev. David Jones for a Boston magazine, comprised an 1,100 foot diameter circle connected to a 900 foot square. Town director Daniel Dreisbach platted the town directly atop the earthworks, integrating the town plan into the prehistoric landscape. An octagonal courthouse stood directly in the center.
The Squaring of Circleville
By the mid-1830s dissatisfaction arose with Circleville's unique radial-concentric street layout. The Circleville Squaring Company, authorized by the State Assembly in 1837, undertook to convert the “peculiar” town plan into a conventional grid, and by 1856 had completed this work in several phases. Circleville occupies a unique place in the history of American town planning: not only as a subsequent development of Native American engineering, but also as the earliest known example of urban redevelopment in the United States.
Erected 2002 by Ohio Bicentennial Commission, The Longaberger Company, The City of Circleville and The Ohio Historical
Marker series. This marker is included in the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection marker series.
Location. 39° 36.012′ N, 82° 56.635′ W. Marker is in Circleville, Ohio, in Pickaway County. Marker is on Franklin Street, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is next to the Circleville Municipal Court and Police Department building. Marker is at or near this postal address: 149 E. Franklin Street, Circleville OH 43113, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Napoleon 12-Pounder (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Memorial Hall (about 400 feet away); War Savings Quota (about 600 feet away); Our Safety Forces (about 600 feet away); The Underground Railroad / The Underground Railroad in Pickaway County (about 700 feet away); Caleb Atwater (approx. 0.2 miles away); Political Meeting at Second Baptist Church (approx. ¼ mile away); High Street Cemetery War Memorial (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Circleville.
Categories. • Landmarks • Native Americans • Notable Buildings • Notable Places • Political Subdivisions • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 17, 2008, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 1,656 times since then and 19 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on November 17, 2008, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.