Newark in Licking County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
The two earthen walls before you are remnants of one of the wonders of the ancient world. They were part of the Newark Earthworks, the largest set of geometric enclosures ever built. Much like a modern cathedral or county fairground, they were a focal point for the social and religious activities of the Hopewell people about 2000 years ago.
The southern wall was part of a square earthwork enclosing 20 acres. You are standing at a point that would have been inside the square enclosure near the northern corner.
The northern wall is part of a set of parallel embankments that originally formed a network of ceremonial roads connecting the various enclosures that made up Newark Earthworks. This wall formed part of a grand avenue leading to an oval enclosure surrounding about twelve burial mounds. Other sets of walls led from the square to the Great Circle Earthworks and the Octagon Earthworks.
Farming, digging the Ohio Canal, and building the streets and houses of the City of Newark destroyed much of the ancient earthen geometry. Mrs. Frances Rees Wright donated these remnants of the Newark Earthworks to the Ohio Historical Society in 1934.
Look at the map and try to imagine what this place would have looked like before so much of this monumental architecture was
For a better understanding of this site visit the museum at the Great Circle Earthworks.
Location. 40° 2.887′ N, 82° 25.412′ W. Marker is in Newark, Ohio, in Licking County. Marker is at the intersection of James Street and Modern Way, on the right when traveling north on James Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Newark OH 43055, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Newark Earthworks (approx. half a mile away); Great Circle Earthworks (approx. 0.6 miles away); A. H. Heisey Glass (approx. 0.9 miles away); Veteran's Park (approx. 0.9 miles away); John L. Clem (approx. 0.9 miles away); Octagon Earthworks (approx. 1.2 miles away); The Observatory Mound (approx. 1.4 miles away); Congressional Medal of Honor Recipients (approx. 1.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Newark.
Also see . . .
1. Wright Earthworks. (Submitted on March 31, 2009, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio.)
2. Wright Earthworks - Ohio History Central. (Submitted on March 31, 2009, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio.)
Categories. • Man-Made Features • Native Americans •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 31, 2009, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio. This page has been viewed 1,076 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on March 31, 2009, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio.