Annapolis in Anne Arundel County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Transportation on the Chesapeake Highway
Annapolis, at mid-18th century, the largest town on the western shore of the Chesapeake Bay, served as the main port for travelers crossing to the Eastern Shore and points north to Philadelphia and beyond. Those arriving at the harbor by sail could travel south by land from Annapolis to Upper Marlboro and across the Potomac River into Virginia. Sail-powered ferries carried passengers on the 15 mile voyage across the Bay from Annapolis to Rock Hall or to other locations on the Eastern Shore.
The new congress of the United States met in Annapolis from November 1783 until Jun 1784, drawing men to town from the thirteen new states that formed the nation's government. Two days before Christmas in 1783, George Washington resigned his commission in the State House Senate Chamber.
Sail and steam vessels continued to carry people and goods to and from Annapolis throughout the 19th century. This commerce became regional, rather than national once Baltimore emerged as Maryland's major metropolis. Annapolis became a market center for local farmers and fisheries, linked by steamboats to a network of towns and landings throughout the Bay.
Location. 38° 58.598′ N, 76° 29.083′ W. Marker is in Annapolis, Maryland, in Anne Arundel County. Marker can be reached from Dock Street 0.1 miles from Market Space. Touch for map. Marker is on the plaza beyond the parking lot. Marker is in this post office area: Annapolis MD 21401, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Steamboats Give Way to the New Bay Bridge (here, next to this marker); Annapolis: Capital of Commerce (a few steps from this marker); Maritime Annapolis: An Enduring Legacy (a few steps from this marker); Gateway to Discovery (a few steps from this marker); Watermen and Working Harbor (a few steps from this marker); Leonard A. Blackshear Walk (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Kunte Kinte-Alex Haley Memorial (about 800 feet away); The Navy Mascot (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Annapolis.
Categories. • Colonial Era • Industry & Commerce • War, US Revolutionary • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 24, 2009, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 646 times since then and 49 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on May 24, 2009, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland.