Near Burkittsville in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
The Battle of South Mountain
At Frederick, Md. he boldly divided his army. Three columns (No. 1) were to surround and capture the Federal garrison at Harpers Ferry and then reunite with Lee and Longstreet (No. 2) at Boonsboro and Hagerstown and continue north.
Gen. George McClellan’s strong Union army (No. 3) was hot on Lee’s heels, threatening to overrun his divided units. On September 14, Lee was forced to order all available troops around Boonsboro back to defend the passes over South Mountain. Greatly outnumbered, the Confederates desperately held off Union forces until the evening of the 14th, and then withdrew toward Sharpsburg.
On September 15th the Federals poured through the passes, but Lee had gained time to reunite his army.
On the 17th the armies clashed in the bloody Battle of Antietam. The story of the battle is told at Antietam National Battlefield Site, Sharpsburg, Maryland.
Location. 39° 24.346′ N, 77° 38.349′ W. Marker is near Burkittsville, Maryland, in Frederick County. Marker is at the intersection of Gapland Road and Arnoldstown Road, on the right when traveling west on Gapland Road. Touch for map
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Crampton’s Pass Tablet C.P. 1 (here, next to this marker); Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws' Command (here, next to this marker); Crampton’s Pass Tablet C.P. 3 (here, next to this marker); Sixth Army Corps (here, next to this marker); First New Jersey Brigade (a few steps from this marker); War Correspondents (a few steps from this marker); War Correspondents Memorial Arch (a few steps from this marker); Journalists Who Gave Their Lives (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Burkittsville.
More about this marker. The marker features a raised map depicting the campaign. The numbered citations in the text relate to place marks on the map.
Also see . . . Friends of South Mountain State Battlefield. Information about the campaign, battle, and the surrounding park. (Submitted on August 9, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 9, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,700 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on August 9, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 4. submitted on November 29, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.