“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers in Burkittsville, Maryland

Clickable Map of Frederick County, Maryland and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Frederick County, MD (553) Carroll County, MD (210) Howard County, MD (142) Montgomery County, MD (730) Washington County, MD (869) Adams County, PA (1424) Franklin County, PA (218) Loudoun County, VA (340)  FrederickCounty(553) Frederick County (553)  CarrollCounty(210) Carroll County (210)  HowardCounty(142) Howard County (142)  MontgomeryCounty(730) Montgomery County (730)  WashingtonCounty(869) Washington County (869)  AdamsCountyPennsylvania(1424) Adams County (1424)  FranklinCounty(218) Franklin County (218)  LoudounCountyVirginia(340) Loudoun County (340)
Frederick is the county seat for Frederick County
Burkittsville is in Frederick County
      Frederick County (553)  
      Carroll County (210)  
      Howard County (142)  
      Montgomery County (730)  
      Washington County (869)  
      Adams County, Pennsylvania (1424)  
      Franklin County, Pennsylvania (218)  
      Loudoun County, Virginia (340)  
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1 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — “Sealed With Their Lives”
Just before the Confederate line along Mountain Church Road gave way, Brigadier General Howell Cobb arrived in Crampton’s Gap with his Georgia and North Carolina troops. After meeting with Colonel Thomas Munford, who had been directing the battle, . . . Map (db m2060) HM
2 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4-6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. George . . . Map (db m1958) HM
3 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Bartlett Leads the Way
Colonel Joseph J. Bartlett, the Commander of the Second Brigade of Franklin’s First Division, found himself in a curious position. As a brigade commander, Bartlett chose both the field across which Franklin’s Corps would attack and the formation . . . Map (db m2151) HM
4 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Battle for Crampton’s Gap“Sealed With Their Lives” — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
The Battle of South Mountain struck Crampton’s Gap late in the afternoon of September 14, 1862, when Union Gen. William B. Franklin finally ordered an attack against Confederate Gen. Lafayette McLaws’s force here. As the Confederate defensive line . . . Map (db m1909) HM
5 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Brownsville Pass: Semmes’ Gamble
General Robert E. Lee directed Major General Lafayette McLaws to close in on the Federal garrison at Harper’s Ferry via Elk Ridge, west of South Mountain. McLaws’ route from Frederick took him through Middletown, where he turned southwest on the . . . Map (db m153126) HM
6 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Burial: A Most Disagreeable Task
The treatment of soldiers killed in action depended on which army held the battlefield after the guns fell silent. At South Mountain a few men from each Union regiment were assigned to burial details. To prevent the spread of disease, they lined up . . . Map (db m2145) HM
7 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — BurkittsvilleHouses of Worship Become Houses of Misery — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
Union surgeons turned Burkittsville, a quiet rural village of some 200 people, into a hospital complex after the September 14, 1862, Battle of Crampton’s Gap. The building in front of you, the German Reformed Church, was Hospital D. . . . Map (db m190155) HM
8 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Burkittsville: Henry Burkitt’s Town
The first settlers in this area cleared their farm land and raised their families along two Indian trails that crossed here. Joshua Harley, one of these pioneers and a veteran of the American Revolution, started the settlement’s first dry goods . . . Map (db m190153) HM
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9 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Chew’s Ashby Artillery
Captain R. Preston Chew organized Chew’s Ashby Artillery, the first “horse artillery” in the Confederate army, in November 1861. He named it for Colonel Turner Ashby. Chew’s battery boasted a 3 in ordinance rifle, a 12-pounder smoothbore . . . Map (db m168571) HM
10 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Cobb’s Brigade McLaw’s Division C.S.A.Lt. Col. Jefferson M. Lamar & Cobb's Georgia Legion
Cobb’s Brigade McLaw’s Division C.S.A. ———— At 1 P.M. on September 14, 1862, Cobb’s Brigade under Gen. Howell Cobb of Athens, GA. marched from Sandy Hook to Brownsville at the west foot of . . . Map (db m1964) HM
11 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Cobbled Stagecoach Stop
This cobbled stagecoach stop is a reconstruction of the original 19th century feature discovered during streetscape improvements by the Maryland State Highway Administration in 2000. It is a reminder of Burkittsville's important history as an early . . . Map (db m143949) HM
12 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Cobb's Georgia LegionSouth Mountain State Battlefield — Crampton's Gap Trail —
"It was here that so many of the Legion were killed and taken prisoners. When once over the fence there was no escape. Surrender or utter annihilation were the only alternatives." Southern Confederacy, Atlanta GA, September 30, 1862 . . . Map (db m158629) HM
13 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — C.P. 5 — Confederate ForcesMunford’s Brigade and Mahone’s Brigade
Confederate Forces Col. T. T. Munford, 2nd Virginia Cavalry, Commanding, Munford’s Brigade, 2nd & 12th Virginia Cavalry. Mahone’s Brigade, Lt. Col. Wm. A. Parham, 41st Virginia, Commanding. 6th, 12th, 16th, 41st, and 61st Virginia Infantry . . . Map (db m2045) HM
14 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — C.P. 1 — Crampton’s Pass Tablet C.P. 1
Between September 4th and 7th, 1862, the Army of Northern Virginia, General Robert E. Lee, Commanding, crossed the Potomac near Leesburg, and occupied Frederick, Maryland. On the 10th a movement was made to surround and capture the Union forces at . . . Map (db m2020) HM
15 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — C.P. 3 — Crampton’s Pass Tablet C.P. 3
(September 14, 1862) Upon the approach of the Sixth Corps, Army of the Potomac, from Jefferson, Col. T. T. Munford, Commanding Cavalry Brigade, prepared to dispute its advance through this Pass. Mahone’s Brigade, Lt. Col. Parham, Commanding, was . . . Map (db m2023) HM
16 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Defeat Turns To Route (sic)South Mountain State Battlefield — Crampton's Gap Trail —
“I fired into the head of the column. I cut their colors down and I think I must have killed several of them. They come very nigh getting me several times.” Edgar Richardson, Troup Artillery September 14, 1862 was not a good day for . . . Map (db m158560) HM
17 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — First New Jersey Brigade
1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th Infantry and Hexamer’s Battery September 14, 1862 Late in the afternoon the brigade advanced from the fields north and west of Burkittsville, charged up the mountain, carried this point and followed the enemy to the . . . Map (db m2061) HM
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18 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Forest of NeedwoodEstate of Governor Thomas Sim Lee — 1745-1819 —
Member Maryland Convention 1775 Signer Association of Freemen Governor of Maryland 1779-82, 1792-4 Delegate Continental Congress 1783-4 Member state convention which ratified the Constitution 1788.Map (db m58776) HM
19 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — GATH: The Man and His Mountain
George Alfred Townsend, known by his pen name of “GATH,” was born in Georgetown, Delaware, in 1841. One of the youngest and most renowned special correspondents of his time, he reported on politics and war in both the . . . Map (db m2038) HM
20 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Gath's Empty Tomb
During the 19th century few people bought burial lots in public cemeteries as we do today. Instead, a small parcel of their own land was usually set aside as a private cemetery. If enough money was available, a mausoleum (tomb) was often built for . . . Map (db m60905) HM
21 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — George Alfred TownsendA Man and His Mountain — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
None of the structures you see here in Crampton’s Gap existed during the battle on September 14, 1862. George Alfred Townsend constructed all the stone buildings and walls, as well as the Correspondents’ Arch, between 1884 and 1896. Townsend, . . . Map (db m1931) HM
22 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — C.P. 2 — Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws' Command
C. S. A. Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws' Command (September 12-13, 1862) McLaws’ Command consisted of Kershaw’s, Barksdale’s, Semmes’ and Cobb’s Brigades of his own Division and R. H. Anderson’s Division of six Brigades-Wilcox’s, Mahone’s, . . . Map (db m2021) HM
23 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Maryland Campaign of 1862 / The Lost Orders
(Left Side) On September 4, 1862, General Robert E. Lee, hoping to shorten the war by winning a decisive victory on Northern soil, crossed the Potomac River into Maryland. Lee planned to draw the Army of the Potomac through South Mountain into . . . Map (db m2039) HM
24 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — 6 — MausoleumGathland State Park — Walking Tour Stop 6 —
Townsend regarded Gapland as a lasting monument to himself and his craft and wanted to rest here for all time. Townsend designed and erected his Mausoleum in 1895. Its four vaults were intended to house his remains and those of his wife and parents. . . . Map (db m65854) HM
25 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Medal of Honor Recipients
In July 1862 Congress authorized the president to present medals to soldiers of the United States Army for gallant and meritorious service. On September 14, 1862, two soldiers so distinguished themselves during the fighting at Crampton’s Gap that . . . Map (db m2152) HM
26 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Mell Rifles & Troup Light Artillery
(Front Side): The Mell Rifles, Co. D, Cobb’s Legion Infantry, was raised in Athens, GA. in July 1861, by Patrick Hues Mell, Baptist minster and Vice Chancellor of the University of Georgia. After Mell resigned due to his wife’s death, . . . Map (db m2044) HM
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27 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Padgett’s Field: Confederate Last Stand
On September 14, 1862, this area was an open field belonging to George W. Padgett. A wooden, rail fence lined the road on the east. A low, stone wall bordered the field to the west. As the shattered remnants of Brigadier General Howell Cobb’s force . . . Map (db m2144) HM
28 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — C.P. 4 — Sixth Army Corps
U. S. A. Sixth Army Corps. Major Gen. W. B. Franklin, Commanding (September 14, 1862) The Sixth Corps consisted of two Divisions commanded by Major Generals H. W. Slocum and W. F. Smith. On the march of the Army of the Potomac through Maryland, . . . Map (db m2024) HM
29 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — The 15th North CarolinaSouth Mountain State Battlefield — Crampton's Gap Trail —
“As the enemy pressed on the right the Fifteenth took position behind a rock fence, with instructions to hold it, which they did until the enemy succeeded in forcing the Georgia regiments (which formed the right of the brigade) back and . . . Map (db m159933) HM
30 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — The Battle of Crampton's GapSouth Mountain State Battlefield — Crampton's Gap Trail —
"At about ten o'clock we saw the first of the Yankee host about three miles away, approaching our gap cautiously and slowly. As they drew near the whole country seemed to be full of bluecoats. They were so numerous that it looked as if they were . . . Map (db m158440) HM
31 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — The Battle of South Mountain
In September, 1862, after the second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee led his victorious Confederates on their first invasion of the North. At Frederick, Md. he boldly divided his army. Three columns (No. 1) were to surround and capture the . . . Map (db m2032) HM
32 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — The Confusion of BattleSouth Mountain State Battlefield — Crampton's Gap Trail —
"The charge was maintained to the top of the mountain, up an almost perpendicular steep, over rocks and ledges, through the underbrush and timber, until the crest, overlooking the valley beyond, was gained." Colonel Joseph J. . . . Map (db m204508) HM
33 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — The Hamilton Willard Shafer Farm
The house served as Union Gen. William B. Franklin's 6th Corps Headquarters on the afternoon of September 14th, 1862 during the Battle of Crampton's Gap. Owned by the Burkittsville Preservation Association, Inc. a 501c3 non-profit, 2 West . . . Map (db m173630) HM
34 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — The Stage is Set
On the evening of September 13, 1862, Confederate cavalry under Brigadier General Wade Hampton and Colonel Thomas Munford occupied the Crampton’s Gap/Burkittsville vicinity. Early on the 14th, Major General J.E.B. Stuart, en route to Harpers Ferry, . . . Map (db m2150) HM
35 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Troup Light Artillery
Organized in 1858 as the National Artillery, this unit changed its name to the Troup Light Artillery in honor of the former Georgia governor George W. Troup. It became a part of Cobb’s Legion when the war began. During the Maryland Campaign, the . . . Map (db m2143) HM
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36 Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — War CorrespondentsMemorial Arch
Speed - Heed Sept. 14 - 62 - 96 To the Army Correspondents and Artists 1861-65 Whose toils cheered the fireside Educated provinces of rustics into a bright nation of readers and gave incentive to narrate distant wars and . . . Map (db m13977) HM
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Sep. 25, 2023