Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Winchester, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The First Battle of Kernstown

Fulkersonís Virginians Attack!

 
 
The First Battle of Kernstown Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 25, 2007
1. The First Battle of Kernstown Marker
Inscription. The low, marshy ground stretching from here to the distant road lay uncontested through the five-hour artillery duel that opened the First Battle of Kernstown. The scene changed dramatically at 2:00 P.M. when 900 Virginians marched toward this position from the leafless woods previously standing across the road.

Colonel Samuel V. Fulkerson led this Confederate attack. A lawyer from Abingdon, Virginia, Fulkerson received his orders directly from General “Stonewall” Jackson, who ordered him to “turn a battery of the enemy” on Pritchardís Hill (the hill directly behind you). To protect his men from the sixteen cannon that opposed him, Fulkerson placed the 37th Virginia and the 23rd Virgina in a formation that spanned 80 yards across and 200 yards deep. With Fulkerson leading his men on a white horse, 600 Virginians paced with him followed by the 33rd Virginia marching 150 yards behind them. As the head of the 37th Virgina passed by this position, the tail of the 33rd Virginia crossed the distant road into this field.

Union artillery fired upon the approaching Virginians, tearing gaping holes into the deep ranks of troops as they marched though the field. When Fulkerson shifted his men to the left, the horror intensified as the Confederate flanks became hopelessly exposed to the unrelenting cannon fire.
Fulkersonís Virginians Attack Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 28, 2007
2. Fulkersonís Virginians Attack Marker
Unable to reach his destination at the base of Pritchardís Hill, Fulkerson rushed his men westward across Middle Road (to your right) and up the wooded edge of Sandy Ridge. Perhaps as many as 80 Confederates were killed and wounded in the charge. One company, from Colonel Fulkersonís hometown, lost 24 men in this daring but fruitless assault.

(Center Sidebar, with portrait of Colonel Samuel V. Fulkerson): Commending his men for fighting “with desperate courage,” Colonel Samuel V. Fulkerson conspicuously led the assault across the fields in front of Pritchardís Hill. Considered “a great favorite” of “Stonewall” Jackson, Fulkersonís death at Gainesí Mill, three months after Kernstown moved Jackson to tears.

(Right Sidebar, with portraits of the Clarke brothers): Edward Lindsey Clarke (top) was struck in the leg and arm by shell fragments during the charge against Pritchardís Hill, while his brother Clordoma (bottom) suffered a lesser wound. The brothers, serving in the 23rd Virginia infantry, survived their injuries and the remainder of the war.
 
Erected by Shenandoah Valley Battlefields National Historic District.
 
Location. 39° 8.605′ N, 78° 11.684′ W. Marker is in Winchester, Virginia. Marker
Marker on the Kernstown Battlefield image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 28, 2007
3. Marker on the Kernstown Battlefield
can be reached from Battle Park Drive, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Located in the Pritchard-Grim Farm, Kernstown Battlefield, to the south of the Omps Farmhouse. Marker is at or near this postal address: 610 Battle Park Drive, Winchester VA 22604, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named The First Battle of Kernstown ( about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Pritchard House ( about 400 feet away); The Second Battle of Kernstown ( about 500 feet away); a different marker also named The First Battle of Kernstown ( about 700 feet away); a different marker also named The Second Battle of Kernstown ( about 700 feet away); Battle of Kernstown ( approx. ľ mile away); a different marker also named Battle of Kernstown ( approx. ľ mile away); Kernstown Battles ( approx. ľ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
 
More about this marker. The marker also has a map detailing the tactical situation and movements.
 
Regarding The First Battle of Kernstown. This is one of six battlefield interpretive markers in the park. See the related markers link below for a listing of the walking tour, or the Kernstown Battles Virtual Tour by Markers in the links section for
Close Up View of the Clarke Brothers image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 25, 2007
4. Close Up View of the Clarke Brothers
a driving tour.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
 
Also see . . .
1. Kernstown Battlefield Association. (Submitted on August 29, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. First Battle of Kernstown. From a National Parks Service survey of the Civil War battles in the Shenandoah Valley. (Submitted on August 29, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

3. Letters of Colonel Fulkerson. Some of his letters are available online at Virginia Military Institutes's archives. The letters include some references to the Battle of Kernstown and "Stonewall" Jackson's character. (Submitted on August 29, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

4. Kernstown Battles Virtual Tour By Markers. This marker is related to several markers in the area detailing the actions of two separate battles occurring around Kernstown during the Civil War. The sites include walking trails at the Pritchard-Grim Farm and Rose Hill. (Submitted on November 11, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Close Up View of the Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 25, 2007
5. Close Up View of the Map
Fields Crossed by Fulkerson image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 25, 2007
6. Fields Crossed by Fulkerson
Advancing towards Pritchard's Hill from a start point near the Opequon Church, Fulkerson crossed fields just to the south of the marker.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 28, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,000 times since then and 45 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on August 28, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2, 3. submitted on November 26, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   4, 5, 6. submitted on August 28, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.
Paid Advertisement