Winchester, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
2nd Battle of Winchester
General Richard S. Ewell with 14,000 Confederates defeated General Robert H. Milroy with 6,900 Federals. Prior to his second invasion of the North, Lee sent Ewell to Winchester to clear the Valley of Federals. Dividing his forces, Ewell on June 14th deployed General E. Johnson’s division to divert Milroy’s attention to the east, while General J.A. Early’s troops marched undetected around southwestern limits of town to attack from the west at 6 p.m. Anticipating Milroy’s withdrawal toward Martinsburg after dark, Ewell sent three brigades of Johnson’s division around Winchester on the east. Before dawn June 15th, Johnson intercepted the Federals near Stephenson’s Depot, 4 miles northeast of town, as they took the road toward Charlestown. His surprise attack resulted in heavy fighting, and the capture of 2,500 Federals. Milroy and the remnant of his command evacuated Martinsburg and Harpers Ferry, leaving the Valley to the Confederates.
Erected 1964 by Virginia Civil War Commission.
Location. 39° 12.051′ N, 78° 9.339′ W. Marker is in Winchester, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of Martinsburg Pike (U.S. 11) and Brooke Road (County Route 1322), on the right when traveling Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Winchester VA 22601, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 3rd Battle of Winchester (here, next to this marker); Fort Collier (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Fort Collier (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); George Washington in Winchester (was about 300 feet away but has been reported missing. ); Lt. Collier’s Earthworks (about 600 feet away); a different marker also named Fort Collier (about 700 feet away); Third Battle of Winchester (about 800 feet away); The Cavalry Charge at Fort Collier (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
More about this marker. Next to this marker is a separate map detailing the actions outlined in the text. On the reverse is a marker detailing the 3rd Battle of Winchester.
Regarding 2nd Battle of Winchester. One of several markers erected by the Civil War Commission as part of the “Circle Tour” of the Shenandoah Valley.
Also see . . . Second Winchester. National Park Service summary of the battle. (Submitted on September 16, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 16, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,934 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on September 16, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.