Winchester, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
The Third Battle of Winchester
September 19, 1864
The decisive assault in the campaign set in motion by General Grant to free the Shenandoah Valley from the control of the Confederacy took place here. This high ground was part of Winchester’s defensive rampart against attack from the east.
At daybreak the first gunfire was heard as General Ramseur’s North Carolinians fired on Capt. Hull’s NY Cavalry as it emerged from the Berryville Canyon (VA 7 near the I-81 overpass) 1.5 miles northeast of here.
General Philip Sheridan’s 39,000 Federal troops converged throughout the day on Winchester from the east and north to compel the withdrawal of General Jubal A. Early’s 15,000 Southerners. The relentless advance of Federal troops was contested by men in mortal combat in every segment of the Confederate’s shrinking front. Overpowered, the Confederates finally withdrew southward at sundown through town, Ramseur their rear guard. General Archibald C. Godwin was killed here as his men rallied to him and is buried in this cemetery.
As the sun set, this cemetery ridge was the southern anchor of the Confederate battle line, which stretched in an arch east and north of town to the vicinity of Fort Collier and Star Fort.
Many of those buried here lie near where they fell in battle. The remains of
Union dead lie in the National Cemetery just across Woodstock Lane.
These Honored Remains: Destiny’s Debris When Diplomacy Fails.
Location. 39° 10.943′ N, 78° 9.469′ W. Marker is in Winchester, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of Mt Hebron Drive and Confederate Cemetery Drive, on the left when traveling east on Mt Hebron Drive. Touch for map. Located in the Stonewall Cemetery (Confederate section) of the Mt. Hebron Cemetery. Entrance to the Cemetery is at the intersection of Boscawen Street and East Lane. Marker is at or near this postal address: 305 East Boscawen Street, Winchester VA 22601, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. South Carolina (a few steps from this marker); North Carolina Confederate Dead (within shouting distance of this marker); Alabama (within shouting distance of this marker); Florida (within shouting distance of this marker); Louisiana (within shouting distance of this marker); Mississippi (within shouting distance of this marker); Memorial to the Unknown and Unrecorded Dead (within shouting distance of this marker); Virginia (within shouting distance of this marker); Texas (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Maryland (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
Also see . . .
1. The Third Battle of Winchester. National Parks Service battle summary. The events described on the marker are covered in phases 9 and 10 of the summary. (Submitted on September 23, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Stonewall Confederate Cemetery. Blog entry with pictures of several of the state monuments in the cemetery. (Submitted on September 23, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 23, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,657 times since then and 39 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on September 23, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 6. submitted on January 6, 2009, by Linda Walcroft of Strasburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.