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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Frederick in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Rose Hill Manor

Union Artillery Reserve

 
 
Rose Hill Manor Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 9, 2007
1. Rose Hill Manor Marker
Inscription. You are on the grounds of Rose Hill Manor, the final home of Maryland's first governor, Thomas Johnson. During its stay near Frederick, the Army of the Potomac's large Artillery Reserve occupied these grounds. Created after the Battle of Chancellorsville, Va., in early May 1863, and commanded by Brig. Gen. Robert O. Tyler, the Artillery Reserve was an independent grouping of batteries that could be rushed to reinforce or replace divisional batteries during battle or to strengthen threatened portions of the army's line. The reserve's wagons also carried extra artillery ammunition.

Some 19 batteries including 110 cannons and hundreds of attendant vehicles made up the Artillery Reserve during the Gettysburg Campaign. At full strength, a single battery used 100 horses, so the reserve's batteries alone required nearly 2,000 animals, and dozens more were needed to pull its wagons. On June 30, 2,745 men were present for duty with the Artillery Reserve. Such a large organization would have occupied much of the ground before you - and left behind a huge mess.

During the Battle of Gettysburg, Artillery Reserve ammunition wagons issued 19,189 rounds to its own batteries as well as to others in the army. The reserve took part in slowing and repulsing the Confederate attacks on July 2 and blasting Gen. James Longstreet's frontal attack
Photograph of Rose Hill Manor from the Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 9, 2007
2. Photograph of Rose Hill Manor from the Marker
(later misnamed Pickett's Charge) on July 3.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 39° 26.154′ N, 77° 24.33′ W. Marker is in Frederick, Maryland, in Frederick County. Marker can be reached from North Market Street (State Highway 355), on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Located in front of the manor house, in Rose Hill Manor Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1611 North Market Street, Frederick MD 21701, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Rose Hill Manor ( within shouting distance of this marker); Laboring Sons Memorial Ground ( approx. 1.1 miles away); Roger Brooke Taney ( approx. 1.2 miles away); Veterans Memorial ( approx. 1.2 miles away); John McElroy, S.J. ( approx. 1.2 miles away); Enoch Louis Lowe ( approx. 1.4 miles away); Former Site of Tory Gaol ( approx. 1.4 miles away); Frederick County Korean War Veterans Memorial ( approx. 1.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Frederick.
 
More about this marker. On the lower left is a photograph of "Rose Hill Manor, pictured during the 19th century, was the last house of Maryland's first elected governor,
The Campaign Map on the Lower Right image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 9, 2007
3. The Campaign Map on the Lower Right
Thomas Johnson."

A portrait of Brig. Gen. Robert O. Tyler is next to a Gettysburg Campaign map illustrating the Federal army movements.
 
Also see . . .
1. Rose Hill Manor Park. The park is administered by the City of Frederick. (Submitted on October 6, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Rose Hill Manor. The park includes a children's museum and a carriage museum. (Submitted on October 6, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

3. Army of the Potomac Artillery, Gettysburg Campaign. As a measure of how large the Artillery Reserve component was, a full five brigades of artillery were consolidated within the organization. That was roughly a third of the total artillery within the Army of the Potomac. (Submitted on October 6, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Additional keywords. Gettysburg Campaign
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Marker at the Entrance to Rose Hill Manor image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 9, 2007
4. Marker at the Entrance to Rose Hill Manor
The open fields beyond the marker were used by the Artillery Reserve to picket horses and park the various vehicles and cannon.
Rose Hill Manor Today image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 9, 2007
5. Rose Hill Manor Today
Manor Grounds image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 9, 2007
6. Manor Grounds
Had one been at this spot during the stay of the Reserve Artillery, the field would have been filled with horses, wagons, cannon, men, and various implements of supporting the column.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 6, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,596 times since then and 92 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on October 6, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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