Near Williamsburg in James City County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Battle of Green Spring
July 6, 1781
Following a campaign in the Carolinas and central Virginia, Cornwallis encamped nearby. He planned to cross the James River and head toward Portsmouth in order to send reinforcements to General Clinton in New York. Cautiously pursued by Lafayette and Wayne, Cornwallis correctly assumed he was vulnerable to attack at this river crossing. He set a trap to destroy American forces.
With the bulk of his men concealed in a wooded ravine, his rear guard pickets were ordered to resist the approaching American units led by General Wayne. A single British cannon was placed in an open area as a decoy.
Deceived by faulty intelligence, Wayne moved his soldiers aggressively from headquarters at Green Spring Plantation along “the causeway,” today’s Greensprings Road. In 1781 it was a primitive road through
Before he could notify Wayne, the Americans broke out of the woods into the open field. Wayne’s soldiers raced to capture the cannon. Cornwallis began flanking maneuvers to his right in an attempt to envelop the Americans. As the main British infantry line moved forward, Wayne launched a temporary charge toward the Redcoats. When the enemy hesitated to advance, the Americans quickly withdrew north along “the causeway” while covered by rear guard reinforcements. As night fell, Cornwallis decided not to pursue the Americans.
On the following day, British soldiers crossed the James River unopposed. At least six Virginia soldiers and 22 from Pennsylvania died in the battle. Some may be buried at or near the Church on the Main. There were approximately 75 British casualties.
The Battle of Green Spring raised American morale and was one of the last Virginia land engagements prior to the British surrender at Yorktown on October 19, 1781.
Erected by Williamsburg Chapter Sons of the American Revolution.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Sons of the American Revolution marker series.
Location. 37° Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Williamsburg VA 23185, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Governor’s Land (within shouting distance of this marker); Battle Of Green Spring (within shouting distance of this marker); Green Spring Road (within shouting distance of this marker); Church on the Main (within shouting distance of this marker); Samuel H. Yonge, Civil Engineer (1843-1935) (approx. 0.4 miles away); Pocahontas (approx. 0.4 miles away); Jamestown Road (approx. 0.4 miles away); First Germans at Jamestown (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Williamsburg.
More about this marker. On the right is a "Map of the battle (with enhanced detail, above), Jean Nicolas Desandrouins, 1781 Rochambeau Map Collection, Library of Congress."
Categories. • Colonial Era • Patriots & Patriotism • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 12, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,458 times since then and 19 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 12, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. 5. submitted on May 15, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.