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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Williamsburg, Virginia

 
Clickable Map of James City County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg James City County, VA (203) Charles City County, VA (65) Gloucester County, VA (70) Isle of Wight County, VA (52) King and Queen County, VA (21) New Kent County, VA (57) Newport News Ind. City, VA (255) Surry County, VA (33) Williamsburg Ind. City, VA (47) York County, VA (169)  JamesCityCounty(203) James City County (203)  CharlesCityCounty(65) Charles City County (65)  GloucesterCounty(70) Gloucester County (70)  IsleofWightCounty(52) Isle of Wight County (52)  KingandQueenCounty(21) King and Queen County (21)  NewKentCounty(57) New Kent County (57)  NewportNews(255) Newport News (255)  SurryCounty(33) Surry County (33)  (47) Williamsburg (47)  YorkCounty(169) York County (169)
Location of Williamsburg, Virginia
    James City County (203)
    Charles City County (65)
    Gloucester County (70)
    Isle of Wight County (52)
    King and Queen County (21)
    New Kent County (57)
    Newport News (255)
    Surry County (33)
    Williamsburg (47)
    York County (169)
 
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GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — A Campsite pre-1607
The human history of Jamestown Island begins much earlier than 1607. The first native inhabitants walked this site 10,000 years ago. At that time, the James River was nearly 100 feet lower, a fast moving stream at the bottom of a narrow ravine. Sea . . . Map (db m17269) HM
2Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — A Diverse Jamestown Household 1620-1640
By 1624, William Peirce, a “beloved friend” of governor Francis Wyatt, built a house – “one of the fairest in Virginia” – on this lot. Peirce, captain of the governor’s guard and the colony’s cape merchant, also . . . Map (db m17356) HM
3Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — A Famous African-American Dream
The earliest African-American national radio and television minister and advisor of three American presidents, the Elder Lightfoot Solomon Michaux purchased the lands around you in 1936. His dream was to establish a farm and a national memorial to . . . Map (db m31084) HM
4Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — A Jamestown Warehouse 1630s-1699
That at last Christmas we had trading here ten ships from London, two from Bristoll, twelve Hollanders, and seven from New-England. A Perfect Description of Virginia, 1649 Jamestown’s waterfront property was prime real estate. Governor . . . Map (db m17203) HM
5Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — A Place of Work
This small structure played a part in the industrial activity along the Pitch and Tar Swamp, but the exact use of its three furnaces is unknown. Chemical analysis of the soil ruled out high-temperature industry, such as a forge. Perhaps the best . . . Map (db m17217) HM
6Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — A Remarkable Collection 1670-1700
Who discarded refuse into this ditch and why may never be known. The ditch was full or artifacts dating to about 1670-1700, including 10 “HH” wine bottle seals, over 1,000 clay pipe pieces, three window leads dated 1669, and the largest . . . Map (db m17311) HM
7Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — A Site of Habitation
Thousands of years ago, when the island was larger and drier, Jamestown was more suitable for permanent habitation. In fact, archaeologists have excavated hearths from the 2,000-year-old campsites. Nearby, they found pottery and evidence of stone . . . Map (db m89337) HM
8Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — An Upper-Class Neighborhood 1630s-1699
From the 1630s to the end of the 17th century, this area along Backstreete boasted some of the finest dwellings in Jamestown. Governors, councilmen, burgesses, and lawyers all made this neighborhood home. Richard Kemp, an ardent supporter of . . . Map (db m17357) HM
9Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Archers Hope
The great Indian massacre of March 22, 1622, during which a quarter of the population of Virginia was slain came nearest to Jamestown here in a community known as Archer's Hope. At the house of Ensign William Spence five persons were killed-- John . . . Map (db m31085) HM
10Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — At Jamestown Began:1607 – 1957
At Jamestown began: the Expansion overseas of the English speaking peoples; the Commonwealth of Virginia; the United States of America; the British Commonwealth of NationsMap (db m17006) HM
11Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Attempted Settlement
A small group of Spanish Jesuits attempted a settlement in Virginia in September, 1570. They are said to have entered James river and landed along this creek and crossed the peninsula to establish a mission near York River. Six months later all were . . . Map (db m30732) HM
12Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Backstreet – Jamestown’s Main Street 1620-1699
As Jamestown expanded beyond the fort, the Virginia Company sent William Claiborne to survey lots in New Towne. There Ralph Hamor patented an acre and a half lot in 1624. Hamor’s deed made it clear that at least three streets already existed – . . . Map (db m17115) HM
13Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Bacon's RebellionGreensprings Greenway — Interpretive Trail —
In 1676 the colony became embroiled in the popular uprising known as Bacon's Rebellion. Frontier settlers whose homesteads were attacked by hostile Indians, asked Governor Berkeley's government for protection. Fearful and frustrated by the lack of . . . Map (db m99078) HM
14Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Barracks"a homely thing, like a barn" - John Smith
Like this experimental frame structure before you, most buildings found at James Fort were of earthfast or post-in-ground construction. Main structural posts were seated directly in the ground without the use of footings. Once the building . . . Map (db m100109) HM
15Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — V-39 — Battle Of Green Spring
Nearby, late in the afternoon of 6 Julyl 1781, Gen. Charles Cornwallis and cavalry commander Col. Banastre Tarleton with 5,000 British and Hessian troops clashed with 800 American troops commanded by Brig. Gen. “Mad” Anthony Wayne and . . . Map (db m2440) HM
16Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Battle of Green SpringJuly 6, 1781
Hear the crack of flintlock muskets and smell the smoke from cannon fire! On this site, on July 6, 1781, 5,000 British troops under General Charles Cornwallis and Colonel Banastre Tarleton clashed with 900 American soldiers led by the Marquis de . . . Map (db m30651) HM
17Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Battle of Green Spring Memorial
In memory of the 6 Virginia & 22 Pennsylvania Line Patriots who died in The Battle of Green Spring on July 6, 1781 & are buried near here. By their sacrifices they made possible the establishment of a free United States of America.Map (db m99079) WM
18Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — W-43 — Battle of Williamsburg
To the east of the road here, centering at Fort Magruder, was fought the Battle of Williamsburg on May 5, 1862. The Union General McClellan was pursuing General Johnston’s retiring army, the rearguard of which was commanded by General Longstreet. . . . Map (db m130379) HM
19Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Captain John Smith
John Smith was born about 1580 the son of a yeoman farmer of modest means. As a young man he traveled throughout Europe and fought as a soldier in the Netherlands and in Hungary. There he was captured, taken to Turkey and sold into slavery in . . . Map (db m11367) HM
20Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Captain John Smith
. . . Map (db m11368) HM
21Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — W-50 — Carter's Grove
During the 17th century Carter's Grove was part of the Martin's Hundred Plantation. In the early 1720's, Robert "King" Carter purchased it and later named the tract Carter's Grove. Between 1730 and 1735 Carter Burwell, grandson of Robert "King" . . . Map (db m9503) HM
22Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — V-46 — Church on the Main
Less than one mile to the east is the site of the Church on the Main, a brick Anglican church built by the 1750s to serve James City Parish as replacement for the church on Jamestown Island, which had become difficult for communicants to reach. The . . . Map (db m2442) HM
23Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Church On The MainHistory
The Church on the Main, which lies ahead, was built of brick in about 1750, along the main road connecting Jamestown and Williamsburg. It replaced the fifth church at Jamestown and was used by James City Parish, the community in this vicinity. . . . Map (db m99084) HM
24Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Church On The MainChurch Plan
This 30 x60' brick church, marked by the remnants of a builder’s trench, was constructed in a simple rectangular plan with doors on the west and the south. Holes marking the location of scaffolding employed during construction flank the perimeter of . . . Map (db m99085) HM
25Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Church On The MainSite Plan
This archaeological site consists of the remains of the church, the cemetery, and the surrounding fences. All that remains to indicate the location and size of the church below grade is a small remnant of the foundation builder's trench. The 30' x . . . Map (db m99086) HM
26Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — College Creek
On May 12, 1607 the colonists who were the next day to establish Jamestown, landed at the mouth of this creek. Captain Gabriel Archer, one of the councilors, liked the spot and would have settled here but was outvoted. For more than a century the . . . Map (db m30730) HM
27Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Colonial Highway
The James River was a lifeline. Ships from England brought tools, seeds, cloth, food, more settlers – and hope. The colonists sent back timber, tobacco, pitch, potash, furs, iron ore – and stories. By 1650, wharves reached out to the . . . Map (db m17119) HM
28Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Colonial Parkway
In 1930, Congress established Colonial National Monument (designated Colonial National Historical Park in 1936) to preserve and interpret the beginning and end of the British colonial experience in North America. The park included Jamestown, the . . . Map (db m89336) HM
29Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Colonist on Neck of Land
Early in the 17th century, colonists began settling beyond Jamestown Island. In 1619, for example, Reverend Richard Buck received a patent of land here at Neck of Land, between Mill and Powhatan creeks. When Buck and his wife died, their . . . Map (db m31058) HM
30Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — WT-4 — Community of Grove
After the Civil War, in the area that later became known as the Community of Grove, the Freedmen’s Bureau confiscated land for displaced newly freed slaves and free blacks. In 1867, the government restored the land to its previous owners. Some . . . Map (db m66911) HM
31Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Confederate Earthworks
These earthworks were erected by Confederate troops in 1861 as part of the defense system to block Union penetration of the James River.Map (db m17052) HM
32Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Ditch and Mound
Dozens of open ditches crisscrossed Jamestown. A ditch and its mound could mark a property boundary, line the edge of a road, or drain swampy soil. Ditches also served as handy trash dumps. Two major ditches, several feet wide and hundreds of feet . . . Map (db m17316) HM
33Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — W 40-b — Eastern State Hospital
Eastern State Hospital is the oldest psychiatric hospital in the United States. It was established on 12 Oct. 1773, when Virginia was still a British colony, with the mission of treating and discharging the curable mentally ill. In 1841, under the . . . Map (db m58354) HM
34Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Eastern State HospitalWilliamsburg, Virginia — 1768 - 1925 —
This hospital is the oldest institution of its kind in America. Francis Fauquier was Governor in 1768. In November, 1769, the tenth year of the reign of George the Third an act was passed by the House of Burgesses confirming the establishment of . . . Map (db m66918) HM
35Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Efforts of a Virginia Tradesman 1670s
The early English settlers came to Virginia looking for gold, silver, and precious gems, but never found them. Some of the artifacts they left behind, however, are highly valuable to the archaeologists who excavated Jamestown centuries later. . . . Map (db m17204) HM
36Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Efforts to Build a Town 1660-1699
The foundations of the multi-dwelling structure that stood here match the dimensions called for in legislation passed by the General Assembly in September 1662. This row rouse was standing by September 1668 when the justices of James City . . . Map (db m17320) HM
37Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Engagement at Spencer's OrdinaryJune 26, 1781
In the summer of 1781, thousands of troops crisscrossed the James City County countryside, foraging for food and strategically moving toward Yorktown. Although neither side knew the other’s strength, Lafayette saw an opportunity to attack. . . . Map (db m127273) HM
38Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Fences and Livestock
Jamestown had a large number of four-footed and feathered residents. A chronicler wrote of “two hundred … cattle, as many goats, infinite hogs in herds all over the woods.” The government required fences to keep the free-roaming . . . Map (db m17200) HM
39Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — WT-1 — First Africans in English America
The first documented Africans in English America arrived at Jamestown in August 1619. A Dutch man-of-war captured them from the Spanish, who had enslaved them, and sold them to the Virginia colonists. The “twenty and odd” Africans, some . . . Map (db m97319) HM
40Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — WT-2 — First Germans at Jamestown
The first Germans to land in Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in Virginia, arrived aboard the vessel Mary and Margaret about 1 October 1608. These Germans were glassmakers and carpenters. In 1620, German mineral specialists . . . Map (db m2445) HM
41Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Fort MagruderAn Ugly Place to Have to Attack — 1862 Peninsula Campaign —
Here are the remains of Fort Magruder, an earthen redoubt built in 1861 at the center of the Confederate defensive line. The “Williamsburg Line” stretched between the James and York rivers and consisted of fourteen forts, commonly called . . . Map (db m10371) HM
42Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Foundations at Jamestown
The remains of Jamestown now lie buried beneath the ground. Archeologists have unearthed some of the known town site, but the original foundations of structures would erode quickly if left exposed to wind, weather, and acid rain. The foundations . . . Map (db m17220) HM
43Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Gardens and Crops
Tobacco, sassafras – the Jamestown gardener was distracted by quick-money crops for export to Europe. Tobacco was even grown in the streets. In 1624 the General Assembly tried to aid the struggling silk and wine industries by ordering each . . . Map (db m17317) HM
44Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Glebe Land
After 1619 these 100 acres of land were set aside for the benefit of the Jamestown parish church and minister. Richard Buck was the first clergyman to have use of it. Later on Francis Bolton became minister at "James Citty" and he, too, had "leave . . . Map (db m31079) HM
45Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Governor Harvey’s House 1630s
John Harvey served as a member of a royal commission investigating conditions in Virginia in 1624. As a reward, he received land at the east end of New Towne. There he probably built a residence and a wharf. A temperamental sea captain, Harvey . . . Map (db m17215) HM
46Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Governor Yeardley’s Lot 1620’s
George Yeardley arrived in Jamestown in 1610, was appointed captain of the guard, and eventually lieutenant governor. Later knighted and appointed governor of Virginia in 1618, he issued the Great Charter in 1619, establishing the first . . . Map (db m17027) HM
47Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — V-41 — Governor’s Land
Situated near Jamestown, Governor’s Land originally was a 3,000-acre tract encompassing open fields between the James River and Powhatan Creek. The Virginia Company of London set the parcel aside in 1618 to seat tenants who worked the land, giving . . . Map (db m2438) HM
48Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Governor's Land
In November 1618, The Virginia Company instructed Governor George Yeardley to set aside 3,000 acres of land “in the best and most convenient place of the territory of Jamestown” to be “the seat and land of the Governor of . . . Map (db m99077) HM
49Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — W-36 — Green Spring
On this road, five miles south, is Green Spring, home of Governor Sir William Berkeley. Bacon the Rebel occupied it in 1676. Cornwallis, after moving from Williamsburg by this road on July 4, 1781, was attacked by Lafayette near Green Spring on July . . . Map (db m20810) HM
50Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — V-42 — Green Spring Road
The 17th century road to Green Spring, home of Governor Sir William Berkeley, was the eastern part of the Great Road, the earliest-developed English thoroughfare in Virginia. The Great Road ran from Jamestown Island toward the falls of the James . . . Map (db m2441) HM
51Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — History of Fort Magruder
On May 4th, 1862 Union Division’s of Generals Hooker, Hancock, and “Baldy” Smith encountered units of the Southern Army east of Williamsburg. When the Confederate Army Commander General Joseph E. Johnston became aware of the engagement, . . . Map (db m15716) HM
52Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — V-47 — Hot Water / Centerville
Royal Governor William Berkeley, owner of nearby Green Spring Plantation, purchased the land here by 1652, then known as Hot Water. After Berkeley's death, the Hot Water tract passed to the Ludwell and Lee families. William Ludwell Lee inherited the . . . Map (db m23614) HM
53Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — In Memory of Early Settlers
To the glory of God and in grateful memory of those early settlers, the founders of this Nation who died at Jamestown during the first perilous years of the colony. Their bodies lie along the ridge beyond this cross, in the earliest known burial . . . Map (db m11377) HM
54Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Inside a Home
All that was left of this home was the foundation of a fireplace and two rows of stains in the soil. The house was built on wood posts sunk directly into the ground. Changes in the color of the soil show where the holes were dug to sink the posts. . . . Map (db m17358) HM
55Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Interpreting Jamestown
In 1934, the National Park Service acquired 1,500 acres of Jamestown Island, including New Towne. Since then, the NPS has used different methods to tell visitors about the town. After archaeologists unearthed numerous structures with brick . . . Map (db m17211) HM
56Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Iron and Industry
The raw materials for the smelting of iron were all found here: lime from oyster shells, bog ore from the swamp, charcoal from burned trees. A circular kiln, 10 feet across and lined with baked clay, sat over a pit with an air vent to the surface. . . . Map (db m17218) HM
57Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Jackson Home 1620s
Jackson the smith was at work in his shop . . . Minutes of the General Court, 1623 Protection was of the utmost importance in the early years of Virginia. Gunsmiths like Jamestown resident, assemblyman, and churchwarden John Jackson, were . . . Map (db m17212) HM
58Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Z-266 — James City County / York CountyArea 164 Square Miles / Area 186 Square Miles
Marker Front: One of the original shires formed in 1634, and named for Jamestown, the first settlement in Virginia, 1607. Williamsburg is in this county. Marker Reverse: One of the eight original shires formed in 1634. First . . . Map (db m73950) HM
59Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — James Fort Site 1607 – 1624
You are about to enter the site of 1607 James Fort, the heart of the first, permanent English settlement in North America. The sections of log walls stand above archaeological remains of the original palisades. The walls enclosed about one acre, in . . . Map (db m11470) HM
60Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — James River
Indians knew this as the Powhatan River, the colonists renamed it in honor of their sovereign, James I. It is one of Virginia's longest and broadest rivers. Rising in the Appalachians it flows eastward, often soil laden, 340 miles to the Chesapeake . . . Map (db m31087) HM
61Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — V-44 — Jamestown
Nearby to the east is Jamestown, the original site of the first permanent English colony in North America. On 14 May 1607, a group of just over 100 men and boys recruited by the Virginia Company of London came ashore and estblished a settlement at . . . Map (db m2443) HM
62Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — JamestownNational Historic Site
This part of old “James Towne” has been owned and preserved since 1893 by the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities. Founded May 13, 1607, “James Towne” was the first permanent English settlement in . . . Map (db m10262) HM
63Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Jamestown
Across the swamp lies Jamestown Island. Powhatan Creek below you, takes its name from the Indian Chief. To the right is Glasshouse Point, place of early glassmaking and later a part of the suburb of "James Cittie".Map (db m30733) HM
64Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Jamestown Island
The woodland and marsh beyond the water is Jamestown Island, a pear-shape area of some 1,500 acres, being about 2½ miles in length. It is separated from the mainland by Back Creek. In more recent times the wide mouth of this creek, which you . . . Map (db m31077) HM
65Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — W-38 — Jamestown Road
The ancient road that linked Jamestown, the original colonial capital, with Middle Plantation(later Williamsburg) followed a meandering course. It departed from Jamestown Island and then turned northeast, crossing Powhatan and Mill Creeks. As it . . . Map (db m2446) HM
66Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Jamestown SettlementRededicated April 24, 2007
This plaque marks the rededication of Jamestown Settlement on the eve of the Jamestown Quadricentennial and upon the occasion of its 50th anniversary and completion of its comprehensive facilities master plan, executed between 1997 and 2007. . . . Map (db m98077) HM
67Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Jamestown Tercentenary Monument
East Side of Monument: Virginia Company of London Chartered April 10, 1606 Founded Jamestown and sustained Virginia 1607 – 1624 North Side of Monument: Jamestown The first permanent colony of the English people. The birthplace . . . Map (db m11467) HM
68Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Jamestown’s Churches
The First and Second Churches Captain John Smith reported that the first church services were held outdoors “under an awning (which was an old sail)” fastened to three or four trees. Shortly thereafter the colonists built the first . . . Map (db m17053) HM
69Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — W-47 — Kingsmill
Kingsmill Plantation, the home of Col. Lewis Burwell, was built in the mid-1730s and consisted of a mansion, outbuildings, garden, and 1,400 acres. The house burned in 1843. Only the office and the kitchen still stand; they are among the earliest . . . Map (db m165422) HM
70Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — W-44 — Magruder’s Defenses
Here is a redoubt in the line of Confederate defenses, built across the James-York Peninsula in 1861-62 by General John B. Magruder.Map (db m10540) HM
71Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — W-51 — Martin's Hundred
This plantation was allocated to the London-based Society of Martin's Hundred by 1618 and was later assigned 21,500 acres. It was initially settled in 1620 around Wolstenholme Town, its administrative center, located near the James River. . . . Map (db m9495) HM
72Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — W-52 — Martin's Hundred Church
The first Martin's Hundred Parish church was probably built at Wolstenholme Town, an early 17th-century settlement that was located a mile southeast of here. None of the structures excavated there have been identified as a church; it may have been . . . Map (db m9497) HM
73Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — May-Hartwell Site 1660-1699
Evidence from wills, deeds, land plats, patents, and court cases helps to identify structures excavated by archaeologists. When historians digitalized two 17th-century land plats and superimposed them on a modern map of Jamestown, they matched a . . . Map (db m17310) HM
74Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Neck of Landnear "James Citty"
This area, like a peninsula and bounded on three sides by a marsh, is just across Back River from Jamestown Island. In 1625 there were a number of houses and 25 people living here. The settlement had close community ties to “James Citty” . . . Map (db m31073) HM
75Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — W-28 — Olive Branch Christian Church
In 1833 the founders of Olive Branch Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) met for worship at Hill Pleasant Farm. By 1835, the congregation had built a brick church on land donated by Dr. Charles M. Hubbard and Mary Henley. During the Civil War, . . . Map (db m23598) HM
76Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Oyster Shells to Mortar
Brick, lime, and pottery kilns operated throughout Jamestown. A small paved pit here, filled with oyster shells and moistened lime, marked a kiln where mortar or plaster was made. Different pits produced varying qualities of mortar and plaster. . . . Map (db m17314) HM
77Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Palisades
“our extreme toil in bearing and planting palisades so strained and bruised us, and our continual labor in the extremity of heat had so weakened us” – John Smith These replicated sections of James Fort’s palisades are . . . Map (db m100110) HM
78Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Paspahegh
When the English colonists arrived in 1607, they landed in Paspahegh Country, which extended westward along the shore of the James River to the Chickahominy River and beyond. The Native Americans who lived here were Algonquin speakers that fished, . . . Map (db m90951) HM
79Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — W-37 — Peninsula Campaign
During the Peninsula Campaign of 1862, both Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston and Union Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan had their armies west toward Richmond on this road. Johnston evacuated Yorktown on 3-4 May and withdrew up the Peninsula, with . . . Map (db m10118) HM
80Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Pitch and Tar Swamp
To the north, Jamestown Island is ringed with slow moving water and a marsh of reeds, cypress, and pine. One of the first industries attempted at Jamestown was the extraction of pitch and tar from the pine trees in this swampy area. Pitch, tar, and . . . Map (db m17219) HM
81Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — V-45 — Pocahontas
Matoaka, nicknamed Pocahontas (“mischievous one”), the daughter of Powhatan, was born about 1597. She served as an emissary for her father and came to Jamestown often in 1608. In 1613, Samuel Argall kidnapped Pocahontas while she visited . . . Map (db m2448) HM
82Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Pocahontas
Erected in 1922, this statue by William Ordway Partridge, honors Pocahontas, the favorite daughter of Paramount Chief Wahunsenacawh (better known as Powhatan), ruler of the Powhatan Paramount Chiefdom. Pocahontas was born around 1595, probably at . . . Map (db m11371) HM
83Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Powhatan’s HeadquartersCaptain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
(panel 1) Powhatan's Headquarters At the time Captain John Smith traveled the York River, several Eastern Virginia Algonquian tribes paid tribute to a spiritual and political leader named Powhatan. In return, he provided . . . Map (db m97289) HM
84Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — W-42 — Quarterpath Road
James Bray owned land nearby in Middle Plantation by the 1650s, and Quarterpath Road probably began as a horse path to one of Bray’s quarters or farm units. Over the years, the road was improved; it extended to Col. Lewis Burwell’s landing on the . . . Map (db m130380) HM
85Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Real Estate
Early records tell of a land sale in 1636 being these 500 acres with “all howses...gardens, orchards, tenements.” The property passed from Thomas Crompe “of the Neck of Land” to Gershon Buck son of the Reverend Richard Buck . . . Map (db m31075) HM
86Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Robert Hunt1606 - 1907
To the glory of God and in memory of the Reverend Robert Hunt, Presbyter. appointed by the Church of England, minister of the colony which established the English Church and English civilization at Jamestown, Virginia in 1607, his people, members of . . . Map (db m17023) HM
87Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Row Houses
Several Jamestown families lived in row houses. This row of three houses was occupied at least from 1560 through 1720. Elaborate ironwork found here suggested that the row was handsomely furnished. Perhaps the row was home to the government . . . Map (db m17114) HM
88Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — V-440 — Samuel H. Yonge, Civil Engineer (1843-1935)
Near this location in 1901, Samuel H. Yongee, a civil engineer with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, spearheaded the design and construction of a seawall/revetment that halted the rapid erosion and loss into the James River of the most-historic . . . Map (db m11445) HM
89Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Sealing of the Magna Carta
. . . Map (db m17051) HM
90Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — V 42-a — Sir William Berkeley
Oxford-educated, Sir William Berkeley (1605-1677) was governor of Virginia from 1641 to 1652 and from 1660 to 1677, holding office longer than any other governor of Virginia, colonial or modern. Under his leadership, Virginia changed from a colonial . . . Map (db m23613) HM
91Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — W-34 — Six-Mile Ordinary
Six-Mile Ordinary, a popular 18th-century tavern also known as Allen's for its proprietor Isham Allen, stood six miles from Williamsburg. On 1 July 1774, a group of free holders congregated there and drafted the James City Resolves not to import . . . Map (db m20805) HM
92Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — W-35 — Spencer's Ordinary
On this road, four miles south, the action of Spencer's Ordinary was fought, June 24, 1781, between detachments from Lafayette's and Cornwallis's armies.Map (db m20807) HM
93Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Statehouse Foundations
The Virginia General Assembly is the oldest representative legislature in the Western Hemisphere. Meeting for the first time in July 1619, it gathered in the “most convenient place we could finde to sitt in … the Quire of the churche.” . . . Map (db m128481) HM
94Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Storehouse & First Well
“We digged a faire Well of fresh water in the Fort of excellent, sweet water which till then was wanting.” - John Smith Here, at the center of the triangular James Fort, archaeologists found remains of a storehouse and the . . . Map (db m100119) HM
95Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Swann’s Tavern 1670s
. . . in ye sd Col Swanns Ordinary at James City. Minutes of the General Court, 1677 Although councilman Colonel Thomas Swann resided across the James River at his Swann Point plantation, he also leased a Jamestown tavern that provided . . . Map (db m17213) HM
96Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — The Ambler House
The Ambler House was built by the Ambler family in the 1750s as the centerpiece of a fine plantation estate. A refined Georgian-style home, it was comparable to the elegant George Wythe House in Williamsburg. The house was burned in two wars, and . . . Map (db m166340) HM
97Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — The Archaearium
In front of you is the “Archaearium,” an archaeological museum of early Jamestown history. Its exhibits explore both the James Fort excavations and those of the site above which it sits – the Statehouse, the first building built . . . Map (db m17044) HM
98Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — The English Inns of Court
Presented by The English Inns of Court to commemorate the 400th Anniversary of the founding of the Colony at Jamestown in 1607 April 2007Map (db m17049) HM
99Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — The First General Assembly of Virginia
In honour of The First General Assembly of Virginia, here on the thirtieth day of July A.D. 1916. Summoned by Sir George Yeardley, Governor General of Virginia, under authority from the London Company, pursuant to the charter granted by King . . . Map (db m15727) HM
100Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — The Greate Road – An Early Highway pre-1607-1700s
A few days after he arrived at Jamestown in May 1607, George Percy wrote that he and his party “espied a pathway” and were “desirous to knowe whither it would bring us.” Most likely they discovered a trail used by Paspahegh . . . Map (db m17117) HM

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Apr. 10, 2021