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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Third Battle of Winchester

Confederate Horse Artillery

 
 
The Third Battle of Winchester Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
1. The Third Battle of Winchester Marker
Inscription. "A more murderous fire I never witnessed..."Col. Thomas Munford, C.S.A.

In an effort to protect the Confederate left flank, Gen. Fitzhugh Lee placed a detachment of cavalry and six pieces of horse artillery, lighter cannons made specifically for horse soldiers, along this rise. These guns, under the command of Major James Breathed, poured a devastating fire into the ranks of the Union Nineteenth Army Corps as it advanced and retreated across the fields on the other side of Red Bud Run. According to one Confederate officer: "Our cannoneers made their battery roar, sending their death-dealing messengers with a precision and consistency that made the earth around them seem to tremble....A more murderous fire I never witnessed than was plunged into this heterogeneous mass."

By the time Northern troops made a flanking movement late in the afternoon, the Southerners were no longer here. Union Artillery later used this position to support the Eighth Corps in its advanced towards Winchester.
 
Erected by Civil War Preservation Trust.
 
Location. 39° 12.253′ N, 78° 7.56′ W. Marker is in Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker can be reached from Redbud Road (County Route 661
Help Preserve 3rd Winchester image. Click for more information.
2. Help Preserve 3rd Winchester
Details of CWPT efforts to save this battlefield.
Click for more information.
), on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Located at the Confederate Horse Artillery Wayside, along the Confederate Flank Trail, inside the CWPT Third Winchester Battlefield site. The closest trailhead to this marker is along Redbud Road. Marker is in this post office area: Winchester VA 22603, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (about 700 feet away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 0.4 miles away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 0.4 miles away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
 
More about this marker. On the lower right is a portrait of Major James Breathed. "According to Col. William H. Payne, C.S.A., he 'fought the Yankees because he hated them. When
Detail of the Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
3. Detail of the Map
he entered a battle it was to kill.... He would have thought it an insult to his dead comrades to dream in a nightmare that we were rightfully beaten and that they had died for a foolish cause." On the right is a map of the tactical situation between 11:40 a.m. and 12:30p.m, September 19, 1864 (2nd Phase of the Battle).
 
Also see . . .
1. Major James Breathed. A physician by trade, Breathed joined Stuart's cavalry by way of chance encounter as an artillerist. He served through the war, seeing action in most of the major battles of the Eastern Theater. (Submitted on October 22, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. CWPT Walking Tour of The Third Battle of Winchester. This marker is one along the walking trail around a portion of the Third Winchester Battlefield, preserved by the Civil War Preservation Trust. (Submitted on October 25, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

3. Summary of the Battle of Third Winchester. The action described on the marker is covered under phase 4 of this National Parks Service summary. (Submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
The Confederate Horse Artillery Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
4. The Confederate Horse Artillery Marker
The Confederate batteries occupied the high ground north of Redbud Run, and were able to fire across the ravine into the flanks of the advancing Federals.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 22, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,074 times since then and 51 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on October 22, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2. submitted on March 13, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3, 4. submitted on October 22, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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