Near Richmond in Madison County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
Mt. Zion Church - Field Hospital
On the day of the battle, August 30, 1862, the temperature hovered near 100 degrees. As the battle raged, ambulances drawn by sweating horses raced into the churchyard, bringing more and more casualties to Mt. Zion Church. By afternoon, this small churchyard was filled with men who were wounded, some dying, all awaiting medical attention.
Inside the church, where the doctors struggled to keep up with the flow of wounded, it was almost unbearably hot. In the sweltering church the doctors performed operation after operation, most of them amputations. The urgency of the battlefield and the state of medical science did not allow more sophisticated care. One Indiana soldier remembered seeing amputated arms and legs thrown from the south side rear window of this building to the yard outside.
Local residents, many of them members of the congregation, brought food and drink to the doctors and wounded at the church. All day, wagons came to the church. Some left filled with wounded men who were taken to local homes where they could recuperate. Others carried the bodies of the dead at the Richmond City Cemetery for burial.
THE DOCTORS WERE ILL PREPARED
Dr. Bernard J. D. Irwin, medical director, Union Army
Erected by Civil War Discovery Trail.
Location. 37° 40.414′ N, 84° 15.226′ W. Marker is near Richmond, Kentucky, in Madison County. Marker is on Battlefield Memorial Highway (U.S. 421) 0.8 miles south of Berea Road (U.S. 25), on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is on the grounds of the Mt. Zion Church. Marker is in this post office area: Richmond KY 40475, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Civil War Field Hospital (a few steps from this marker); Michigan Light Artillery Regiment / Batteries F and G (about 300 feet away, measured in a Union Artillery (about 400 feet away); The Confederates Crush The Union Left (approx. 0.2 miles away); Manson's First Line (approx. 0.2 miles away); Manson's Mistake (approx. half a mile away); A Reckless And Useless Charge (approx. half a mile away); Barnett Burial Ground (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Richmond.
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
Categories. • Science & Medicine • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 2, 2010, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. This page has been viewed 1,113 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on June 2, 2010, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. 4. submitted on July 27, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.