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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Third Battle of Winchester

The Union Rear

 
 
The Third Battle of Winchester Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
1. The Third Battle of Winchester Marker
Inscription. The First Woods saw little combat, but areas near the front lines were bustling with activity. Here, men of Grover's, Dwight's, and Thoburn's Union divisions formed for their attacks across the Middle Field. Union Generals rallied the broken Nineteenth Corps, and field hospitals were established here to care for the wounded.

More than 5,000 men were wounded in the Third Battle of Winchester. Before they could be moved to proper hospitals in and around Winchester, men limped, crawled, or were carried to improvised field hospitals. One was set up along the banks of Red Bud Run 250 yards in front of you. Capt. Ira B. Gardner of the 14th Maine, wounded in the arm in the Second Woods, walked back across the Middle Field to the Red Bud Run field hospital. He soon joined some 300 wounded men at the nearby home of Charles L. Wood where his arm was amputated near the shoulder, wrapped in cloth, placed in a box, and buried in the yard. Thirty years later Gardner returned and was told Mr. Wood had unearthed his arm and reburied it in the Winchester National Cemetery. The Wood family, like so many others who lived near the scenes of battle, lost their cattle, harvest, fences, linens, and much else. The Wood family never fully recovered and eventually lost its land as well.
 
Erected by Civil War Preservation
Help Preserve 3rd Winchester image. Click for more information.
2. Help Preserve 3rd Winchester
Details of CWPT efforts to save this battlefield.
Click for more information.
Trust.
 
Location. 39° 11.76′ N, 78° 6.97′ W. Marker is near Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker can be reached from Redbud Road, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Located at the Union Rear Wayside, along the Union Trail, inside the CWPT Third Winchester Battlefield site. The closest access site is a trail head on the west side of the Frederick County School complex parking lot. Marker is in this post office area: Winchester VA 22603, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Third Battle of Winchester (about 700 feet away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. half a mile away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. half a mile away); Jost Hite and Winchester (approx. 0.6 miles away); a different marker also named Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 0.6 miles away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 0.6 miles away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
 
More about this marker.
Map of the Union Rear image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
3. Map of the Union Rear
On the lower right of the marker is a map pointing out the location of the marker, with the location of the Wood house indicated. In the lower center and on the right are photographs showing a wartime field hospital, captioned "Every home near Winchester became a temporary field hospital like the ones pictured here east of Richmond, VA."
 
Also see . . .  CWPT Walking Tour of The Third Battle of Winchester. This marker is one along the walking trail around a portion of the Third Winchester Battlefield, preserved by the Civil War Preservation Trust. (Submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
The Union Rear Wayside image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
4. The Union Rear Wayside
The Historical Edge of the First Woods image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
5. The Historical Edge of the First Woods
The sign indicates the historical west edge of the First Woods. The sign is about a quarter mile from the Union Rear marker, giving some appreciation for the distance casualties such as Captain Gardner had to travel before arriving at the field hospitals.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,666 times since then and 45 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2. submitted on March 13, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3, 4, 5. submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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