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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Guinea in Caroline County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

War Comes to Fairfield

 
 
War Comes to Fairfield Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., November 3, 2007
1. War Comes to Fairfield Marker
Inscription. War brought profound changes to the Chandler family, Fairfield, and the slaves who toiled on the plantation. Three of Thomas Chandlerís sons enlisted in the Confederate army. When the Union army occupied Fredericksburg in 1862 many of Chandlerís slaves seized freedom, leaving the family without its customary workforce.

In December 1862 the Confederates established a major supply depot at Guinea Station, just a few hundred yards from Fairfieldís back door. Camps sprawled across the plantation. Stonewall Jackson himself camped here for a week, declining the Chandlerís offer to stay in the house. Instead he pitched a tent nearby.

By 1863 Chandler had had enough: he sold Fairfield. But before the Chandlers could move away, Fairfieldís most famous visitor would return yet again – this time not to camp but to die. Jacksonís death here propelled the plantation to a fame it had never known.

(caption of picture): Jackson arrived at Fairfield for the last time on May 4, 1863. By then the plantation was a vast camp, crowded with thousands of Union prisoners and Confederate wounded.
 
Erected by National Park Service.
 
Location. 38° 8.89′ N, 77° 26.419′ W. Marker is near Guinea
"War Comes to Fairfield" and two other Markers image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., November 3, 2007
2. "War Comes to Fairfield" and two other Markers
The farm office, the only surviving Civil War structure remaining on the plantation site, is in the background.
, Virginia, in Caroline County. Marker can be reached from Stonewall Jackson Road (Virginia Route 606) near Guinea Station Road (Virginia Route 634). Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Woodford VA 22580, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Fairfield Plantation (here, next to this marker); A Staggering Blow (here, next to this marker); Stonewall Jackson Died (here, next to this marker); Guinea Station (within shouting distance of this marker); Plantations on Guinea Station Road (approx. 4.1 miles away); Stanardís Mill (approx. 4.5 miles away); Mud Tavern (approx. 4.6 miles away); James Farmer, Civil Rights Leader (approx. 4.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Guinea.
 
More about this marker. A recorded message about Jackson's last days at Fairfield is available immediately adjacent to this marker.
 
Categories. AgricultureAntebellum South, USNotable PersonsWar, US Civil
 
Stone Marker identifying the site of Stonewall Jackson's death image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., November 3, 2007
3. Stone Marker identifying the site of Stonewall Jackson's death
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 5, 2007, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,103 times since then and 23 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 5, 2007, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.
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