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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Warm Springs in Bath County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Turnpike Movement in Virginia, 1825-1835

 
 
The Turnpike Movement in Virginia, 1825-1835 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 10, 2010
1. The Turnpike Movement in Virginia, 1825-1835 Marker
Inscription. The end of the eighteenth century saw Virginia change from an agriculture-based society to one of urban centers. Once British trade restrictions were removed after the War of 1812, river ports such as Alexandria, Fredericksburg, and Richmond began to prosper. With the influx of new groups of immigrants from the North, western Virginia communities such as Staunton and Lexington began to grow.

this rapid growth created the need for improvement of the state's transportation infrastructure. The state-funded Board of Public Works cooperated with private companies to construct a network of canals, turnpikes, railroads, and navigable rivers to provide local farmers and merchants access to markets.

Turnpikes were among the first transportation routes based upon the "Toll Pike" system in England. Under this system, private regional turnpike authorities borrowed money to build roads and erect tollhouses with the understanding that the road would become public once the debt was paid. The General Turnpike Law of 1817 regulated the width and surface of toll roads, toll rates, and distances between tollhouses. The law stated that each company should erect a tollhouse at a distance of no less than every five miles. Most tollhouses were spaced at ten mile intervals or in areas difficult to avoid, such as river crossings, country stores,
The Crozet Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 10, 2010
2. The Crozet Map
On the left is a Excerpt from Cladius Crozet, "Jackson's River Turnpike Map of Surveys Between Staunton and Collaghan's with a View to the Location of Road", 1825. Courtesy of the Library of Virginia, Map Collection.
or mountain gaps.

The Warm Springs area was served by five turnpikes during the nineteenth and early twentieth century, including the Jackson River Turnpike, the War Springs-Huntersville-Romney Turnpike, the Warm Springs to Bull Pasture Turnpike, the Warm Springs and Harrisonburg Turnpike, and the Warm Springs Mountain Turnpike, which closely followed the course of modern-day Route 39.

The nearby Jackson River Turnpike originally ran through the golf course of the Homestead resort in Hot Springs. The Hot Springs Company eventually acquired the stock and assets of the Jackson River Turnpike and continued to collect tolls. By the early twentieth century, the turnpike was operating at a large deficit and in the early 1920s the turnpike was "graciously presented to the state".
 
Erected by Virginia Department of Transportation.
 
Location. 38° 3.058′ N, 79° 45.969′ W. Marker is near Warm Springs, Virginia, in Bath County. Marker is at the intersection of State Highway 39 and Homestead Mountain Drive, on the right when traveling west on State Highway 39. Touch for map. Located at the Dan Ingalls Overlook in George Washington National Forest. Marker is in this post office area: Warm Springs VA 24484, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles
Confederate Receipt image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 10, 2010
3. Confederate Receipt
On the lower right is a Longhand receipt for tolls paid by the Confederate States of America to the Warm Springs Mountain Turnpike Company from the War Department Collection of Confederate Records, 1825-1900, Record Group 109. Courtesy of the National Archives and Records Administration.
of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Life at the Tollhouse (here, next to this marker); The Virginia Springs Resorts (a few steps from this marker); Settlement on Warm Springs Mountain (a few steps from this marker); The Rev. Dr. William H. Sheppard (approx. 0.8 miles away); Early Bath County Courthouses (approx. 0.8 miles away); Terrill Hill (approx. 0.8 miles away); Mary Johnston (approx. 1.1 miles away); The County Seat of Bath (approx. 1.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Warm Springs.
 
Also see . . .  Warm Springs Mountain. Nature Conservancy page for Warm Springs Mountain. The page includes a trail map for the Ingalls overlook area. (Submitted on August 10, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. Roads & VehiclesWar, US Civil
 
Markers at the Dan Ingalls Overlook image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 10, 2010
4. Markers at the Dan Ingalls Overlook
Roadway of Modern VA 39 up Warm Springs Mountain image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 10, 2010
5. Roadway of Modern VA 39 up Warm Springs Mountain
A View from Ingalls Overlook image. Click for full size.
By Hazel Thomas, November 10, 2011
6. A View from Ingalls Overlook
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 10, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 817 times since then and 27 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on August 10, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   6. submitted on November 11, 2011, by Hazel Thomas of Easley, South Carolina.
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