Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Fight for the High Ground
Many Valley farms, like Rose Hill, became battlefields or campgrounds unexpectedly and often repeatedly.
By far the most significant event to occur here was the 1st Battle of Kernstown, March 23, 1862. Here soldiers fought the first Civil War battle in the Sheanandoah Valley. Here Southern Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson suffered his only tactical defeat.
The battle began about 9:00 a.m. in Kernstown approximately 1½ miles southeast, behind the wooded ridge, called Sandy Ridge, in front of you. Northern Colonel Nathan Kimball (Indiana) held the high ground on the Pritchard Farm. He was not supposed to be in charge, but his commander, Brigadier General James Shields, had been injured the day before.
After unsuccessfully trying to dislodge Northern troops under Colonel Kimball from high ground on the neighboring Pritchard Farm, Southern General "Stonewall" Jackson placed artillery on even higher ground - the east side of Sandy Ridge (the far side of the high ground in front of you).
Northern forces sent to dislodge these guns ran into Southern forces sent to defend them.
As you follow the paths to learn more about this battle, notice
Other Civil War Action at Rose Hill
June 1863 - Northern and Southern troops moved through farm fields during the 2nd Battle of Winchester.
July 1864 - Northern and Southern troops moved through farm fields during 2nd Battle of Kernstown.
Early August 1864 - William Wood Glass sold grain to Southern troops.
August 17, 1864 - Northern Troops destroyed the barn, wheat and hay worth $2,590.
August 17, 1864 - Southern forces defeated Northern cavalry at Rose Hill.
Winter 1864-65 - Northern cavalry from Gen. George A. Custer's division camped here, burning 16,700 fence rails and 132 cords of wood worth $1,565.
Location. 39° 9.133′ N, 78° 13.073′ W. Marker is in Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker can be reached from Jones Road (County Route 621), on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Located at stop three of the walking tour of Rose Hill. See the link to the Museum of the Shenandoah for details about visiting Rose Hill. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1985 Jones Road, Winchester VA 22602, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured Northern Victory, Southern Defeat (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); How To See the Battlefield (about 500 feet away); War in the Backyard (about 600 feet away); The Defense of the Stone Wall (about 700 feet away); Rose Hill (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Order for Retreat (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Advance of Tyler’s Brigade (approx. ¼ mile away); The First Battle of Kernstown (approx. 1.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
More about this marker. On the upper right side of the marker are portraits of Gens. Kimball and Jackson. "Gen. Nathan Kimball commanded the Northern troops during the 1st Battle of Kernstown." "Gen. Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson commanded the southern troops during the 1st Battle of Kernstown."
Regarding Fight for the High Ground. This is one of seven battlefield interpretive markers at Rose Hill. See the related markers section below for a listing of the walking tour, or the Kernstown Battles Virtual Tour by Markers in the links section for a driving tour.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
Also see . . .
1. Kernstown Battles Virtual Tour by Markers. This marker is related to several markers in the area detailing the actions of two separate battles occurring around Kernstown during the Civil War. The sites include walking trails at the Pritchard-Grim Farm and Rose Hill. (Submitted on November 12, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Rose Hill - Museum of the Shenandoah. The walking tour of Rose Hill is open for self-guided tours on the third Saturday of each month April through October from 1 p.m. until 4 p.m. (Submitted on November 12, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
3. Battle of First Kernstown Summary. The action around Rose Hill is discussed in phase three of this National Parks Service battle summary. (Submitted on November 12, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on November 2, 2018. This page originally submitted on November 12, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,327 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on November 12, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 5, 6. submitted on November 2, 2018, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.